Tamil Tanjore Inceptions | Epigraphical Studies in India

Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product. Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.  Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs. They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)  Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.

India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.

Arabian and Sanskrit Inscriptions

Epigraphical Studies in India



The Epigraphy Branch of Arabic and Persian Inscriptions of the Archaeological Survey of India with its headquarters at Nagpur since 1958. This Branch is responsible for copying, editing and publication of Arabic and Persian inscriptions throughout the country to shed light on historical and cultural heritage of the country.

During the last four decades over 10,000 inscriptions have been copied from different parts of the country and duly accessioned, deciphered and listed in the Annual Reports on Indian Epigraphy (ARE) since 1952-53 onwards, under a separate Appendix with an exhaustive introduction. Among the Indian states, Uttar Pradesh has yielded the largest number of Perso-Arabic epigraphs (i.e. 2175), constituting 21.4 % of the aggregate, number-wise followed by Maharashtra (over 14%), Gujarat (over 9%), Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh (about 9%), Rajasthan (about 8%), Kamataka (7%), West Bengal (4%), Bihar, and Jammu & Kashmir (about 4% each), Tamil Nadu (2.55%), Haryana (2%), Delhi (about 2%). About 2,000 Perso-Arabic inscriptions have been published so far in Epigraphia Indo-Moslemica (ElM) and Epigraphia Indica-Arabic and Persian Supplement (EIAPS) from 1907-08 to 1977.


The study of Perso-Arabic inscriptions in India practically started with the establishment of Asiatic Society of Bengal by Sir William Jones at Calcutta in 1784. The setting up of the department of the Archaeological Survey of India in 1861, headed by A. Cunningham as the Archaeological Surveyor, intensified the activities in the field of research and exploration including Indo-Muslim epigraphy.

The first works on Perso-Arabic inscriptions on Islamic monuments were: Sairu’l Manazil by Mirza Sangin Beg (before 1820) and Atharu’s Sanadid by Sayyid Ahmad Khan (Kanpur, 1846). Among European and British orientalists who brought to light Perso-Arabic epigraphs were: H. Cousens, A.Fuhrer, Edmond Smith and H. Blochmann, Asstt. Prof. and Principal of Calcutta Madrasa who published them in the Journal & Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (JASB)- a precursor of Epigraphia Indica (EI) (1.892). In 1894 (EI, vol. II) two articles on Perso-Arabic inscriptions from Delhi were published by Dr. Paul Horn of Strasburg University.

The first major published study of Perso-Arabic inscriptions of particular site was: Gaur-Its Ruins & Inscriptions (London, 1878), by R. H. Ravenshaw; Lahore: Its History, Architectural Remains and Inscriptions (Lahore, 1896), and Agra : Historical & Descriptive (Calcutta, 1896), both by Sayyid Mohammad Latif, and M. A. Chaghtai’s, Muslim Monuments of Ahmedabad Through Their Inscriptions (Poona, 1942).

Among the periodicals, mention may be made of Asiatic Researches (Calcutta), Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Calcutta), Indian Antiquary (Bombay) and Journal of Bihar Research Society (Patna) that provided sufficient coverage to Indo-Muslim epigraphy. Among the prominent individual scholars who performed pioneer work on Indo-Islamic epigraphy, mention may be made of Maulavi Bashirud Din Ahmad who painstakingly wrote Waqi’at-i-Daru’l Hukumat, Dehli (Agra, 1919); Syed Asghar Ali Bilgrami who authored Ma ‘athir-i-Dakan (Hyderabad, 1925) in Urdu and Landmarks of the Deccan (Hyderabad, 1927) in English, and Ali Asghar Hikmat placed before us his work in Persian, Naqsh-i-Parsi bar Ahjar-i-Hind (2nd ed., Shahryur 1337) (1958, Tehran).

Epigraphia Indica was started in 1892 with a view to primarily dealing with the epigraphical material pertaining to ancient Indian History. Since the Perso-Arabic epigraphs were available in large number, it was deemed necessary to publish them in a separate biennial journal named Epigraphia Indo-Moslemica.

It was Sir E. Denison Ross, the famous British orientalist and Principal of Calcutta Madrasa who edited the first issue of Epigraphia Indo-Moslemica (ElM), 1907-08, Dr. J. Horovitz,.Professor of Arabic in Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh, edited the two subsequent issues of ElM 1909-10 and. 1911-12. Afterwards, Dr. Ghulam Yazdani, Director of the Archaeology Department in the Nizam’s Dominions at Hyderabad and Honorary Muslim Epigraphist to the Government of India, edited 15 issues of ElM 1913-14 onward to 1939-40.

A full time post of Assistant Superintendent for Arabic and Persian Inscriptions was created by the Government of India in 1946 and the next issue of ElM 1949-50 was edited by Maulavi M. Ashraf Husain who had joined the said post in 1949.

Dr. Ziyaud Din Ahmad Desai succeeded Maulavi Ashraf Husain in 1953. He started editing the Perso-Arabic section under a separate Appendix of Annual Reports on Indian Epigraphy -1952-53 onwards, so also the prestigious biennial Epigraphia Indica-Arabic and Persian Supplement (EIAPS), 1951 and 1952, onwards, in continuation to Epigraphia Indo-Moslemica (ElM). This epigraphic journal became an annual publication since the issue of 1961.

Tamil Tanjore Inceptions: 

800px Tirupati Venkateswarar With Consorts
800px Tirupati Venkateswarar With Consorts

Indian Islamic inscriptions date from the last decade of the 12th century AD (to be exact AH 587) 1192 AD when Muhammad Ghauri conquered Delhi and established his kingdom there), with the exception of about a dozen, bearing earlier dates, found in Haryana, Gujarat and Kerala. Perso-Arabic epigraphs are usually found on sectarian buildings like mosques and tombs or secular edifices like forts, palaces, gateways, tanks, wells, gardens, bridges, sarais and the like.

Certain movable objects like arms, seals, signets, vases, utensils and tombs account for majority of inscriptions, next followed by forts.

The language of the records of the early period of the Delhi Sultanate is Arabic. Majority of epigraphical records is in Persian in view of the fact that Persian had been the state or official language right from the beginning of the Muslim rule, i.e. 1206 AD upto 1857 AD, spanning six centuries and a half. Persian played an important role in the educational and cultural life of the various regions of the sub-continent in varying degrees depending upon local factors.

Apart from Arabic, Persian and Urdu inscriptions, there are bilingual. inscriptions, i.e. Arabic with regional languages like Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali, Tamil and Malayalam and Persian with the provincial languages like Kannada, Telugu, Oriya, Tamil, Gujarati and Marathi. Besides these regional or provincial languages with Persian and Arabic, mention may be made of other bilingual inscriptions like Arabic with Sanskrit or local dialect, or Persian with local dialect, Sanskrit, Hindi, English, Portuguese and Armenian and Hebrew are trilingual (Arabic, Persian and .Bangala; Persian, Kannada and English; Persian, Marathi and Kannada, and Persian, Armenian and Hebrew) and quadrilingual records as well (Arabic, Urdu, Hindi and English, and Persian, Marathi, Telugu and English).

Importance of the epigraphs

Majority of the Perso-Arabic inscriptions are dated in Hijri year. Individual towns with large number of Perso-Arabic epigraphs include Delhi, Agra, Jaunpur, Ahmedabad, Gulbarga, Hyderabad, and Nagaur. These epigraphs frequently fill up lacuna or unconfirmed gaps in our knowledge of India’s past. Being strictly contemporary and perfectly genuine records, they constitute first hand source-material and provide valuable and definite data for the varied aspects of the history of different periods in different regions.

They correct incongruity or misstatements, supply correct dates of events about which information from other sources is available but is confusing or vague, corroborate or contradict statements of historians or supply details left out by them and supply correct spellings of names and places. They provide much more data for the local history and political status of a particular region at a given time.

These inscriptions constitute the most primary and contemporary source for the exact date of monuments of various description and provide much needed definite time-factor and sure chronology, thus forming a sound and secure base for evaluation of the monuments in the context of art and architecture and thereby bring out concept of the origin and development of monumental styles.

There are inscriptions which give information about the relations between different communities and also instances of religious toleration. These inscriptions again furnish in some cases, the history of repairs, extension or addition to monuments. Of greater importance is the information supplied by these inscriptions on other aspects of contemporary life including administration, levy or remission of unlawful duties or imposts of different nature, prohibiting undesirable practices etc. Another art form of Indian Islamic monumental art, best served by Perso-Arabic inscriptions, is calligraphy. Islamic world has long regarded calligraphy as the highest form of artistic expression. Calligraphic inscriptions constitute the most important decorative element in Indian Islamic Architecture which attained a high level of perfection in Qutb Minar at Delhi, Adina Mosque at Pandua (in Bengal), Atala Mosque at Jaunpur, Jami Mosques at Ahmedabad, Golconda and Hyderabad, Akbar’s tomb at Sikandra, Ibrahim Rauda at Bijapur and Taj Mahal at Agra.


With the help of these epigraphs, we can prepare a list of calligraphers, region-wise and period-wise, whose beautiful calligraphy adorns so many buildings in the width and breadth of the country. Scripts employed in the Perso-Arabic epigraphs include Kufi, Naskh, Thulth and Nastaliq.

The last mentioned was the preferred script of the Mughals. Inscriptions of earlier dates are in Arabic and in Kufi characters. Persian is found employed since the end of the 13th century and with regularity under the Khaljis. Bengal and Kerala are dominant in Arabic inscriptions.

Urdu made appearance in epigraphs in the middle of 18th century. Bengal and Gujarat developed individuality of their own in script or calligraphy. Among the Muslims the representation of living beings or human forms was forbidden by religious injunction. Thus, Muslim in India and elsewhere took recourse to execution of geometrical and arabesque patterns on the one hand and ornamental writing on the other. The importance laid on making beautiful and decorative copies of the holy Quran as an ardent expression of faith fostered the much valued art of calligraphy. Perso-Arabic inscriptions have two-fold importance, historical and calligraphical. The Muslim rulers and their noblemen greatly contributed to the development of the calligraphical art. Some inscriptions furnish pictorial form of Tughra in which the text is written in such a way as to form the outline of a lion or bird.

Important dynasties

The Perso-Arabic inscriptions found in India cover a vast canvas. Almost all parts of the country and almost all dynasties, major and minor, provincial and regional are represented. Among them, prominent dynasties are the Mamluks, Khaljis, Tughluqs, Sayyids, Lodis, Mughals; Sultans of Bengal, Gujarat, Kashmir, Malwa and Mysore; Bahmanis, Faruqis ofKhandesh, Sharqis of Jaunpur, Adil Shahis, Nizam Shahis, Qutb Shahis, Asaf Jahis; Nawabs of Arcot, Awadh, Murshidabad and Karnatak; Bhonslas of Nagpur, Gaikwads of Baroda, Holkarsof Indore, Marathas of Tanjore, Sindhiyas of Gwalior and the Rohillas.

Subject of the epigraphs

The subjects contained in all these epigraphs including the miscellaneous ones are of varied nature, supplied to us piecemeal but collectively reflecting multi-dimensional aspects of history and culture, language and literature, arts and architecture. Apart from all other literary Persian sources available in India, Persian epigraphical data is no doubt piecemeal but quite vast and varied in giving multifarious information that can be utilised as an important source-material for the study of Indo-Persian literature.

Persian epigraphs

From the 13th century onward, Persian came to be employed as the medium of epigraphic texts along with Arabic but in the next century (14th), Persian gained wider currency for this purpose. It gradually replaced Arabic as the epigraphic medium under the Mughals and almost completely substituted Arabic in historical epigraphs. These epigraphs tend to show to what extent and degrees, the usage of Persian language and literature has been practiced in different parts of India at different periods, under various central, provincial and regional dynasties. As a part of cultural study under Persian language and literature, a list of composers can also be classified. In a good number of cases, the composers of the metrical epigraphs are indicated in the text and as a result these poets can be assigned to pre-Mughal periods on one hand, and on the other, to different provincial kingdoms and minor principalities. Interestingly, we also come across epigraphical texts composed by rulers like Adil Shahi king Ali II (1656-71), Mughal king BahadurShah II (1837-57) and Nawwab of Awadh Wajid Ali Shah (1848-56).

A vast majority of these poets mentioned in epigraphs are unknown from available sources. It is particularly these metrical, records which are of value as specimens of Indo-Persian literature. Of these, those of the Sultanate period, covering approximately 12th to 15th centuries (7th -9th cent. H.) are particularly valuable. Another cultural aspect that can be culled out from these epigraphs is the preparation of a long list of Iranian and Afghan settlers in different parts of India, belonging to different vocations in life who came from different parts of Iran and Afghanistan and from elsewhere. The places, to quote a few, where this phenomenon occurred are : Cambay in the 12th to 14th centuries, Karad (Maharashtra) in the 16th century, Hyderabad in the 17th century, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kashmir etc. in the subsequent period. This infomlation is quite useful
for some aspects of sociological and cultural studies, giving an insight into composition of present ethnic groups of local population in the country and pattern of their professions.

Information on relation with other countries

The names of a good number of foreign places and countries in these epigraphs tend to show some cultural relations with the Islamic countries like Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey, Yemen, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan etc. For the evaluation of ethnic composition in different regions of India, the study of various communities, both indigenous and foreign, is also important.

Some of the names as gleaned from epigraphs include: Afghan, Amlani, Arab, Baluch, Lodi, Mughal, Turani, Bara Imamiyya, Bohra, Brahmin, Chauhan, Gahlot, Gaur, Hindu, Jain, Koshti, Koli, Kayasth, Portuguese, Rajput, Rathor, Srivastava, Sayyid and Tawaif (dancing girls). Regarding various cities and towns in India, different epithets find mention in a good number of epigraphs.

They are also important for the cultural history of such places. These epithets denote time-flavour regarding the names of such places and tend to show the spirit that was prevailing during the Muslim period, particularly under the Mughals. Some of the epithets found in epigraphs and other Persian sources are: Akbarabad (Agra), Shahjahanabad (Delhi), Muhamadabad (Bidar), Alamgirpur (Vidisha), Azimabad (Patna), Daruz Zafar (Bijapur), Khidrabad (Chittorgarh), Darulkhair (Ajmer), Fathabad (Chanqeri), Jahangimagar (Dhaka), Gulshanabad (Nasik), Mubarakabad (Miraj), Jannatpur (Jalna) etc. It is the epigraphs which owe to the existence of multifarious monuments religious and secular, bringing to light a good deal of building and centres of building activities and illustrating how rulers, officials and private rich persons were interested in the welfare of the general public.

List of White Gemstones Guide

White and colorless gemstones have been used since ancient times and are among the most common colors for gemstones. Unlike any other gemstone color, white and colorless gemstones blend in beautifully with any outfit, skin tone, metal or occasion. These are stylish, classic gemstones that have a touch of sophistication. Diamonds are the most popular gemstone of this color category, and many other gemstones such as white sapphire, white topaz and zircon, simply serve as diamond substitutes. However, gemstones such as opals, pearls, white jade and moonstone are each  unique and beautiful in jewellery. lets learn more about List of White Gemstones Guide.

How To Clean Jewellery

List of White Gemstones Guide

Here is our list of the top 12 colorless and white gemstones.

Diamonds Gemstone

April Birthstone Diamond Without doubt, the most popularly known and highly-sought after gemstone of all is the colorless diamond. Diamonds have almost taken over the engagement ring market and is among the most prestigious of all gemstones. What makes a diamond so captivating?

There are many answers to this question. For one thing, diamonds are the hardest known natural substance. They virtually cannot be scratched and have the highest hardness rating (10 Mohs). Diamond Cut They are also extremely brilliant and when beautifully faceted, are unmatchable in their sparkle. The very term ‘diamond’ has entered the vernacular as a synonym for strength, sparkle and class. However, diamonds are not indestructible. The flip side of being so hard is that diamonds are also very brittle. They can crack or chip if struck with a hard blow. Although not a rare gemstone, diamonds are considered highly valuable. If a mined diamond is not for you, there is a thriving synthetic diamond market that makes it possible for buyers to choose a more affordable, ethical and sustainable choice of diamond.

White Sapphire Gemstone

White sapphires are often chosen as a more affordable substitute for diamonds. It is the purest form of corundum and occurs when there is no inclusion of trace elements during formation. In small sizes, white sapphires are almost indistinguishable from diamonds, but larger white sapphires can appear milky or even cloudy. They are also not as brilliant and diamonds and tend to be somewhat subdued.

White sapphires are highly durable and very tough. They rank second only to diamonds on the Mohs scale at 9. In fact, sapphires are less brittle than diamonds and therefore tougher. Perhaps the most appealing feature of a white sapphire is its low price-point. You can get a beautiful white sapphire stone at a fraction of the price of a diamond. While white sapphires may play second fiddle to diamonds, they are one of the four cardinal gemstones and are highly valued and precious.

Also See:

Orange Gemstones Guide

Red Gemstones Guide

Purple Gemstones Guide

Green Gemstones Guide

White Topaz Gemstone

Another popular diamond substitute, white topaz is an abundantly found semi-precious gemstone. While blue topaz is the most valuable, topaz is nature is commonly white. Because topaz is quite brilliant and looks like a diamond, it is often mistaken for one. However, it is not as hard as diamonds (8 Mohs) and nowhere near as expensive. A high-quality white topaz stone is within most people’s budgets.

It’s important to keep white topaz clean and free from dirt and grime, as this will reduce its sparkle and make it appear foggy. You can choose from white to colorless varieties depending on your preferences.

Zircon Gemstone

Zircons were possibly the first gemstones used as diamond substitutes, before technology made synthetic versions possible. Even today, white zircon is a popular alternative to diamonds. Unfortunately for zircons, they are often confused with cubic zirconia, a cheap, synthetic diamond simulant.

Zircons have a brilliance and sparkle comparable to diamonds. They have a very high refractive index and are able to reflect light beautifully. Due to this, zircon is always faceted to enhance its brilliance. It can be cut into any gemstone shape. However, zircon ranks at 6 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale and is not very durable. It is also not very tough due to its brittleness and is not resistant to chipping and breaking.

Zircon provides another affordable natural alternative to diamonds.

White Agate Gemstone

Agate is found in every color under the sun with white being one of its more popular colors. White agate can be found from near colorless to milky white varieties. White agate is translucent to opaque and has a smooth waxy to vitreous luster. It is quite an attractive gemstone and when set in beautiful jewellery, really stands out. While it does not have the sparkle that most colorless gemstones are known for, white agate has a statement look. It is ideal for costume jewellery, in large necklaces, pendants, earrings and cocktail rings.   Agate is abundantly found around the world and as a result, is a very affordable gemstone. It also has very good durability (Mohs 7).

Pearls Gemstone

Gemstones like Pearls have a long and glorious history in the jewellery world and have been valued and coveted for centuries. Pearls embody sophistication and elegance and are a staple in most jewellery collections. A member of the small organic gemstone group, pearls form in molluscs and oysters naturally over a period of years. In the past pearls used to be very expensive and only accessible to the wealthy, but with the advent of cultured pearls, these delicate gemstones have become more affordable and abundant.

Pearls possess a stunning iridescence and beautiful overtones. They can be found in a variety of colors, although white pearls are the most well-known. They are quite soft and delicate (2.5 – 4 Mohs) and can easily be damaged. Pearls always cycle in and out of fashion and are currently in high demand.

Moonstone Gemstone

Moonstones are known for their smooth appearance and attractive sheen. Moonstones make for beautiful jewellery and pair well with any metal color. Some people choose moonstone engagement rings, but this isn’t recommended as it is not a highly durable gemstone (6 to 6.5 Mohs). The stone can easily scratch or get damaged, so reasonable care is required to ensure that the jewellery lasts.

Raw unpolished moonstone is a beautiful way to wear the gemstone, although smooth cabochon-cut moonstones are more common. They are ideal for all styles of jewellery, but are particularly eye-catching when set in bohemian and vintage settings.

White Opals Gemstone

The most common type of opals are the white stones, often called milk opals or light opals. This variety of opals have a milky white body and are the most commonly found type of opal. They often contain a beautiful iridescence, known as opalescence. Opals with dark body tones are considered more valuable because they display stronger flashes of color, but white opals can also exhibit many colors. They are usually cut en cabochon to maximize the iridescence and luster of the stone.

Opals are simply stunning natural gemstones, with most of the world’s supply coming from Australia. Opals are vibrant and dynamic, coming alive when touched by light. While opals aren’t recommended in rings unless placed in protective settings, they are suitable for most types of jewellery.

White Jade Gemstone

The most well-known color of jade is green, but jade comes in many colors including white. From the two varieties of jade (nephrite and jadeite), jadeite is more valuable and of better quality than nephrite. Nephrite is more commonly found and is quite affordable. Because of jade’s compact structure, it is a very tough stone and due to its relative softness (Mohs 6) it is ideal for carvings, engravings and sculptures. Jade is often cut en cabochon, to show off its smooth and waxy luster but is sometimes faceted for added depth. White jade is quite attractive and perfect for almost all types of jewellery.

White Jasper Gemstone

Jasper is a variety of chalcedony, which is a type of quartz. Like jade, jasper is very tough and compact in composition, lending itself perfectly for cabochon cuts, carvings and various types of jewellery. Most jasper is translucent to opaque in clarity and often contains dark matrix inclusions and patterns. These are often grey or black in color and are quite desirable as they add character to the stone. Jasper is affordable and plentiful, making it a perfect choice for costume jewellery.

White Quartz Gemstone

White quartz is a glass-like gemstone that is sometimes used as a diamond substitute. It is also known as rock crystal. White quartz has excellent transparency and is durable enough for regular wear (7 Mohs). Also, it is abundantly found around the world and therefore quite affordable. White quartz is not very brilliant and can sometimes look like a piece of glass. To give the stone some brilliance, it is often given a brilliant cut, like that of diamonds. White quartz is ideal for large fashion jewellery and statement pieces.

Goshenite Gemstone

If you’ve never heard of goshenite before, you’re not alone. Most shoppers don’t know about this gemstone. However, most people have heard of its famous cousins, emerald, aquamarine and morganite. Goshenite is the colorless variety of the mineral beryl. It is a highly transparent gemstone, often with very few visible inclusions. Like all beryl varieties, goshenite has very good hardness (7.5 to 8 Mohs) and good wearability. It is suitable for all types of jewellery, including rings. While some may choose to use it as a diamond substitute, goshenite is not very brilliant so the difference between it and diamonds is quite apparent. While it lacks the fire and brilliance of diamonds, it is a more affordable choice than diamonds.

Where to Shop White and Colorless Gemstones

Almost every jewellery shop will carry diamonds or diamond simulants. While this makes it easy find, it can make it even more difficult to choose. If shopping for diamonds online, we recommend choosing James Allen as they provide high quality images and videos of the actual diamond as opposed to drawings or diagrams. They also provide the grading report for the stone from reputable gradings labs such as the GIA or AGS. They also offer reasonable prices on their diamonds.

List of Grey Gemstones Guide

The color grey (or gray) is not commonly associated with jewellery. Grey is an uncommon color in the world of gemstones, with only very few gemstones that are primarily grey in color. However, because of this very rarity in use in jewellery, grey gemstones are actually very intriguing when worn. While they may not jump out at you with the intensity of say, a red gemstone, grey gemstones have a subdued beauty.Grey Gemstones Guide

Grey Gemstones Guide

Grey is a neutral color that goes well with other colors. It is the perfect combination of black and white and represents balance, sophistication and compromise, but it also symbolizes emotionlessness, loss or moodiness.

Here is a list of the top 8 grey (gray) gemstones that are used in jewellery.

Grey Diamonds

There is such a thing as a grey diamond although it is not widely known. The diamond gets its grey hue from the inclusion of hydrogen in its composition. The range of color in grey diamonds is quite wide and varies from Faint Grey to Fancy Dark Grey. In the diamond industry, these shades are given nicknames such as charcoal grey, pigeon and silver, to identify the color.

The beauty of a grey diamond is that it is not as traditional as colorless diamonds nor as radical as black diamonds. It has just the right touch of mystery and irregularity. Grey diamonds are also relatively affordable compared to most other colored diamonds.  With its exceptional durability (10 Mohs), these diamonds are perfect for a non-conventional piece of jewellery.

Also See:

Body Jewellery

Choker Necklace Guide

Buddhism Jewellery Guide

List of Green Gemstones Guide

Everything about Copper

Grey Moonstone

Moonstone is probably the most famous grey gemstone. Grey moonstone is commonly translucent and ranges in color from colorless to dark grey.  The moonstone is not a very durable stone (6 to 6.5 Mohs) and is suitable for pendants, earrings, bracelets, hair combs and other types of jewellery that are more protected. Moonstone rings aren’t recommended due to the stone’s relatively softness, however, if taken reasonable care of, they can last a long time. They are often cut cabochon to enhance the luster and smooth sheen of the stone although sometimes they may be faceted. Raw unpolished grey moonstone has an eye-catching rustic simplicity that is beautiful when set into well-crafted jewellery.

Grey Agate

Agate is an abundantly found gemstone that comes in all colors imaginable. Grey agate can be found with a unicolor appearance or banded with layers of white. Agate is often translucent, which makes it ideal for cabochons. Grey agate has a smooth, beautiful sheen and a waxy to vitreous luster and because of its affordability, is an excellent gemstone for all types of jewellery, particularly large costume pieces. Agate has good durability (Mohs 7) and can last many decades.

Mother of Pearl

Mother-of-pearl is an organic gemstone, that is made of the same substance as pearls but is quite different in its formation. It refers to the layer of nacre that coats the inner shell and is iridescent in appearance. This common gemstone comes from pearl-producing mollusks and occurs in a range of colors. Mother-of-pearl is opaque to translucent in appearance and has a pearly luster. It is abundantly found and therefore very affordable.

Like all organic gemstones, mother-of-pearl is soft (2.5 to 4.5 Moh) and can easily get damaged or scratched. It is perfect for carvings and for inlay jewellery, as well as pendants and earrings, but not so much for rings.  Because of its iridescence, it is especially beautiful when seen under lights in jewellery that allows for movement. This enhances its sparkle and exhibits the colors that flash from the gemstone.

Jewellery Symbolism Jewellery Definitions How To Clean Jewellery

Grey Pearl

Pearls are traditionally white, but they come in an array of colors. Grey pearls are an ideal break from tradition while still exhibiting the luster and sophisticated look that pearls are famous for. Gemstone in Grey pearls come in a range of hues, from a faint dusty grey to a darker, metallic gunmetal grey. Grey pearls in nature are very rare and would require very stringent conditions to be formed in. Most grey pearls on the market are cultured and often enhanced. Like all organic gemstones, grey pearls are very soft, ranking at only 2.5 on the Mohs scale. They are easily abraded and can break or chip if subject to heavy pressure. They are not ideal to be worn in every day jewellery and requires proper care and maintenance to keep them lustrous and protected.

Grey Labradorite

Labradorite is often grey or grey-black but due to its iridescence, it often appears very colorful and dynamic. This iridescence is known as labradorescence – a flashy display of color that occurs in opaque varieties of labradorite. Transparent labradorites are beautiful but they don’t display this iridescent and aren’t as valuable as the opaque varieties. Most grey labradorite will have this desirable labradorescence due to the dark body tone.

Labradorite is a plagioclase feldspar, among the most common and abundantly found minerals. It is not a very hard gemstone (6 to 6.5 Mohs) but due to its compact structure, it is a tough stone. Labradorite is used in all types of jewellery but is especially beautiful when set in bohemian and gypsy styles.

Grey Chalcedony

Chalcedony is an abundantly found gemstone. The grey variety is quite common and is relatively affordable. It translucent to opaque with a waxy luster. Chalcedony is a very tough stone as it has a microcrystalline structure. What this means is that the gemstone does not contain any crystal formations within it but is instead smooth, compact and tough. What’s more, it also has no cleavage which refers to a gemstone’s tendency to break, and has a hardness ranking of 6.5 to 7 Mohs. Grey chalcedony can be made into all types of jewellery.

Grey Tourmaline

Tourmaline is an abundantly found gemstone making it reasonably priced in use in jewellery. While grey is not its most popular color, grey tourmaline makes for stunning jewellery due to its sparkle and transparency. Grey tourmaline has a vitreous luster and is often faceted to enhance its brilliance. Tourmalines are durable gemstones (Mohs 7 to 7.5) and are also resistant to breakage. Grey tourmaline is often free of visible inclusions and have very good clarity. Grey tourmalines can be cut into traditional gemstone shapes such as the emerald cut, pear, marquise and brilliant shapes and other unique fancy cuts.

Some Other Grey Gemstones

  • Fluorite– This is a brilliant gemstone with a beautiful grey hue. However, it is quite rare and soft, making it unsuitable for most jewellery making.
  • Hematite– This gemstone occurs in black to steel-grey colors. While not highly durable, hematite is a very brilliant gemstone.
  • Grey Sapphire– This is a unique color for sapphire but like all sapphires, the grey variety is also highly durable and makes a very good choice for jewellery.
  • Spinel– Grey spinel displays beautiful grey-silver hues and has very good brilliance and durability.

Where to Shop for Grey Gemstones

Grey is not a highly sought-after color in the jewellery world and traditional retailers may not typically store grey gemstone jewellery. However, if you take your search online, there will be a lot more options available to you.

List of Orange Gemstones Guide

Orange is not a very common color in the world of gemstones and is most people’s first choice. Although the list of orange gemstones isn’t exhaustive, there are a range of stunning orange gemstones that offer a unique and eye-catching look when set into jewellery. Orange is a mixture of red and yellow, combining the energy and heat of red with the brightness and positivity of yellow. Gemstone in Orange symbolizes joy, sunshine, warmth, creativity, happiness and a touch of the exotic.Orange Gemstones Guide

Orange Gemstones Guide

If you would like to add an orange gemstone to your jewellery collection, keep reading! Here we list the top 15 orange gemstones used in jewellery. Semi Precious Stones

Orange Diamond


  • Extremely rare
  • Very expensive
  • Synthetic varieties available

Nicknamed ‘fire diamonds’ for their intense color, orange diamonds are stunning and desirable gemstones. Pure orange diamonds are extremely rare and highly valuable, receiving their color from the presence of nitrogen. Most orange diamonds are found with secondary hues of brown, yellow and pink and range from Faint Orange to Fancy Deep Orange in shades. Orange diamonds are also known as ‘pumpkins’ partly due to their color and partly because of the famous orange diamond known as the Pumpkin Diamond. Due to their rarity and high price point, synthetic orange diamonds offer a more accessible option for most people.

Also See: 

Everything about Gold

How to Choose a Wedding Ring?

List of Red Gemstones Guide

List of Yellow Gemstones Guide

Orange Sapphire


  • Rare
  • Highly durable
  • Commonly heat treated
  • Synthetic varieties available

Orange is a rare color when it comes to sapphires. These gemstones generally have traces of yellow or pink in them and the border between these three colors can overlap sometimes. Almost all orange sapphires on the market are enhanced to reach the desired orange color but in nature, orange sapphires receive their color from traces of vanadium. Sapphires have excellent durability, second only to diamonds, and are ideal for all types of jewellery.

The highly valuable and stunning variety of salmon colored sapphires known as Padparadscha are also called orange sapphires. These are rare and highly coveted varieties of sapphire.



  • Fairly abundant
  • Relatively durable
  • Often faceted
  • Good brilliance
  • Transparent

Citrine is a transparent variety of quartz that occurs in yellow to dark orange shades.  Called citrine after the French word citron for lemon, this gemstone is famous for its golden hues. Citrine is relatively durable (Mohs 7) and holds up to wear and tear quite well. Citrine has very good clarity and is highly transparent. It is also a brilliant gemstone and is often faceted to enhance this feature. Due to its bright color, citrine has come to symbolize positivity, happiness and contentment and is popular among crystal healers.

Orange Zircon


  • Fairly rare
  • Relatively affordable
  • Often faceted
  • Very high brilliance
  • Transparent

Zircon is often confused with cubic zirconia, the cheap diamond simulant, due to the similarities in their names. But zircon is actually a natural gemstone that is highly brilliant and quite rare. In fact, it is the only natural gemstone that has a brilliance comparable to that of diamonds. Orange zircon is almost always faceted to maximize the stone’s brilliance. It has a vitreous luster and typically has excellent transparency. Orange zircon ranks at 6 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale and is not very durable. It is also not very tough due to its brittleness and is not resistant to chipping and breaking. Orange zircon is a relatively affordable gemstone.Zircon Stone Guide

Imperial Topaz


  • Most valuable topaz variety
  • Rare
  • Very good durability
  • Vitreous luster

Although topaz is quite commonly found and fairly affordable, imperial topaz, also known as precious topaz, is the most valuable and also the rarest variety of topaz. Its colors are compared to those of the sun and sky during sunset, and ranges from light peach to dark shades of orange. The word ‘topaz’ is considered to have originated from the Sanskrit word for fire – tapas. Little wonder, considering the fiery colors that the stone displays.

Topaz is a hard gemstone (8Mohs) and often has excellent clarity with little to no visible inclusions. It is vitreous in luster and is almost always faceted, although sometimes it is cut into cabochons.

Oregon Sunstone


  • Uncommon
  • Contains a glowing effect
  • Has copper inclusions
  • Low durability

Not many people have heard of sunstone as it is quite rare and not a mainstream gemstone. Oregon sunstone, named after Oregon, USA, where it is primarily found, is a unique stone that contains tiny copper impurities. When touched by light, and viewed from the correct angle, these inclusions give of metallic flashes that results in a stunning glittering appearance. High-quality sunstone is dynamic and appears to be glowing, like a source of fire. Sunstone is not very durable (6 Mohs) and should be placed in protective settings if used in rings. When paired with yellow or rose gold, sunstone looks stunning as the gold accentuates the fiery look of the stone.

Spessartite Garnet


  • Most famous orange gemstone
  • Good durability
  • Relatively affordable

The most famous of all orange gemstones, spessartite garnet is a variety of the large and complicated garnet family. It receives its color from traces of manganese and displays shades of faint orange to orange-red. Large, eye-clean spessartite garnets are quite rare and valuable.

Spessartite has a hardness ranking of 7 and contains no cleavage. This makes it durable enough for use in all types of jewellery. It is a brilliant gemstone and is often transparent. Spessartite garnet can be faceted or shaped into cabochons.

Mexican Fire Opal


  • Low durability
  • Rare and sought after
  • Typically faceted
  • Waxy to vitreous luster

Fire opal is a variety of opal gemstones known for their wide range of color. The most desirable fire opal color is vivid orange and red-orange with intense saturation. These can command very high prices and are quite rare. Unlike most other opal varieties, fire opals are often translucent to transparent. Transparent fire opal is typically faceted and cut into popular gemstone shapes. Opals are rather soft gemstones (5.5 to 6.5 Mohs) and are not very suitable for rings that you plan to wear every day.

Orange Spinel


  • Rare and sought after
  • May display asterism
  • Good brilliance
  • Very good durability

Orange is a rare spinel color and stones with vivid and intense orange saturation are highly sought after and considered the desirable. They are especially popular among collectors. Most orange spinel is free of inclusions, although some may contain needle-like rutile inclusions that can give the stone the highly-sought after gemstone phenomenon known as asterism.

Orange spinel has a high refractive index and dispersion, which results in good brilliance. Orange spinel is very durable (Mohs 8) but it does not handle heat well and the color can fade from prolonged exposure to heat. Gemstone Orange spinel is not commonly enhanced or treated, however, there are synthetic versions are quite common on the market.

Orange Tourmaline


  • Not a popular tourmaline color
  • Good durability
  • Vitreous luster
  • Brilliant

Tourmaline is known as the rainbow gemstone due to its wide range of colors. Orange tourmaline is not the most popular tourmaline color makes for beautiful jewellery. Some orange tourmaline stones can have a brownish undertone, but there are also vivid pure orange stones which are more desirable. Most tourmalines exhibit pleochroism, where the stone displays two colors when viewed from different angles. With orange tourmalines, the two colors that are displayed is brown and orange.

Orange tourmaline is commonly faceted due to its brilliance and very good clarity. Tourmaline has good durability (7 to 7.5 Mohs) and with reasonable care can last a very long time.  While synthetic tourmaline is not commonly used in jewellery, heat treatment is generally carried out on tourmaline to enhance its color.

Orange Amber


  • Low durability
  • Warm to the touch
  • Scent of pine
  • Contains interesting inclusions

Amber belongs to the small group known as organic gemstones and is made of fossilized tree resin. Amber often has a smell of pine and is warm to the touch. This gemstone has been used for centuries in jewellery, dating back all the way to 13,000 years. Amber is often found in hues of yellow, gold and orange.

One of ambers desirable traits is the many inclusions often present in the stone. Some common inclusions include insects and plant matter. Generally, in the gemstone world, inclusions tend to lower the price of a stone. However, where amber is concerned, the value of the stone can increase due to the unusual and intriguing inclusions within the stone. However, amber is a very soft stone (2 Mohs) and not suitable for most types of jewellery. Orange amber is also sensitive to chemicals, alcohol and perfumes and needs extra care.

Orange Aventurine


  • A type of quartz
  • Displays aventurescence
  • Medium durability
  • Often opaque

Aventurine is a variety of the common quartz family. While green is the most common aventurine color, orange is a beautiful and earthy color in aventurine gemstones. Aventurine displays what is known as aventurescence, a glitter effect across its surface that comes from the small flaky impurities present in the stone. The higher the level of aventurescence, the more desirable the stone. This quality makes the stone shiny and vivid.

Although of medium hardness (6.5 to 7 Mohs) aventurine is a tough gemstone, like all gemstones made of quartz, due to its compact structure. It has a vitreous to waxy luster and is often translucent to opaque. Aventurine is mostly cut into cabochons, but it can be faceted for an added effect.

Other Orange Gemstones

Here are some orange gemstones that did not make our top 12 list for various reasons.

  • Orange Sphalerite– Transparent to translucent, this gemstone has a very brilliant luster. Unfortunately, it is much too soft to be used in most types of jewellery.
  • Orange Fluorite – This gemstone can be very vivid in color. It is a very popular mineral but has very low durability.
  • Carnelian– Although most carnelian is red, there are also orange varieties. These are often translucent and very beautiful.
  • Orange Agate– This often occurs in banded varieties with translucent to opaque clarity. These are popular in the use of cameos, carvings and cabochons.

Some Considerations Before You Buy

If you’re wondering whether to choose a silver-hued metal, rose or yellow gold with your orange gemstone, the good news is that orange gemstones go well with all metal colors. White metals such as silver, platinum and white gold are perfect for contemporary, modern designs. They also highlight the color of the gemstone, making it the focal point of the jewellery.

Yellow gold complements orange gemstones and offers less of a contrast. The transition from metal to stone is smoother and both work in harmony. A rose gold and orange gemstone pairing is quite unique and has a vintage look to it.

Where to Shop

Orange is not a common color for jewellery so you may not find many options at a brick and mortar store. If you prefer shopping online, you will have a lot more options available to you.


Gemsfly has a good range of various orange gemstones, but will require some time to sift through and find. You will also have to be scrupulous and ensure that the gemstone is authentic, especially if you are buying a valuable stone. Always check whether any treatments have been done on the stone and request a certificate of authenticity where applicable.

List of Purple Gemstones Guide

Although purple has been a color used in jewellery since ancient times, there aren’t many purple gemstones. Compared to other colors such as blue, red and green that have hundreds of gemstone varieties to choose from, the number of purple gemstones is quite small.Purple Gemstones Guide Semi Precious Stones

Purple Gemstones Guide

Purple is often connected to royalty and nobility, power and wealth. It is a luxurious color and depicts prestige and class. Purple jewellery adds a touch of sophistication and elegance and is an eye-catching color.

There are many varieties of purple including violet, lilac, lavender, mauve, mulberry and wine. To help you choose your stone and shade, here are our top 12 purple gemstones for jewellery.

Purple Diamonds


  • An exclusive gemstone
  • Extremely rare
  • Very expensive
  • Synthetic and enhanced varieties available

Purple diamonds are created when there is a high amount of hydrogen present during the diamond’s formation. These spectacular stones are very rare and expensive, especially if the stone is vivid and saturated in color. However, enhanced or synthetic alternatives are relatively much more affordable.  Purple diamonds are known by a variety of nicknames, including Lilac, Orchid, Lavender, Grape and Plum Diamonds which describe the color of the stone. High quality purple diamonds are generally sought after by collectors and diamond enthusiasts or those with a penchant for exclusive jewellery.

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Body Jewellery

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Choker Necklace Guide



  • Most popular purple stone
  • Abundantly found
  • Affordable
  • Good hardness
  • Not very tough

Amethysts are the most well-known purple gemstone. In the past, amethysts were considered a cardinal gemstone (gemstones considered precious above all others) and on equal par with diamonds, sapphires, rubies and emeralds. However, when large deposits were found in Brazil, the value of amethysts dropped making it an affordable gemstone that suits almost all budgets.

Amethysts come in all shades of purple, with those displaying the deepest purple hues considered the best. Amethysts are durable enough for use in all types of jewellery (7 Mohs) but requires reasonable care to maintain its luster and color. They can easily get scratched and due to their brittleness, can chip or crack when exposed to rough wear. The color of amethysts can also fade if exposed to direct light for too long. However, if maintained well, amethyst jewellery can last a lifetime.

List of Red Gemstones Guide

Jewellery Symbolism

How To Clean Jewellery

Purple Chalcedony


  • Quite durable
  • Vitreous – waxy luster
  • Relatively affordable

Purple chalcedony comes in beautiful shades of purple from a light lilac to dark purple. Purple chalcedony is usually translucent to opaque, with a vitreous to waxy luster. It has a very appealing look with a rich natural color.

Chalcedony has a microcrystalline structure without crystal formations within it. As a result, it is compact, contains no cleavage and is very durable. Purple chalcedony is a tough stone with medium hardness (6.5 to 7 Mohs). Most chalcedony is cut en cabochon or used in beautiful carvings and engravings. However, sometimes these stones are faceted to add more depth and light play to the piece of jewellery. Chalcedony jewellery is ideal for bohemian and ethnic jewellery designs. learn more about Spinel Gemstone

Purple Spinel


  • Very durable
  • Somewhat rare
  • Relatively affordable
  • Very brilliant

Purple spinel comes in a variety of shades, with lilac and mauve considered more attractive. However, it is not as valuable or sought-after as red and blue spinel. Purple spinel is relatively affordable and a durable gemstone (Mohs 8) suited for every day wear. It is a brilliant gemstone and due to this fact, is often cut into faceted gemstone shapes to enhance the brilliance. Purple spinel has been synthesized but it is rarely enhanced or treated, meaning that the color you see in a purple spinel stone is likely to be natural.



  • Popular
  • Very abundant
  • Not expensive
  • Good brilliance
  • Not highly durable

Although iolites are highly sought-after gemstones, they are quite stunning and can rival the beauty of more expensive blue stones such as sapphire or tanzanite. It is a highly brilliant stone that occurs in blue-purple shades, but due to its abundance, it is not highly valued. Iolite has distinct cleavage making it susceptible to chipping or cracking if struck with force. However, it has fairly good hardness (7 to 7.5 Mohs) and can be used in almost all types of jewellery. When mounted in rings, it is best to set iolite in protective settings such as bezel or halo. Beautifully faceted iolite sparkles with eye-catching brilliance. Iolite is perfect for jewellery where it is able to catch light, such as on a ring or in dangling earrings.

Purple Jade


  • Fair hardness
  • Very tough
  • Comes in two varieties
  • Waxy luster

Most people think of green when they say the word jade, but jade occurs in a range of colors, including beautiful purple shades. There are two varieties of jade: nephrite and jadeite. Nephrite is more abundant and less expensive, while jadeite is considered of better quality and is pricier.

Purple jade is fairly soft (6 Mohs) but is very tough due to its compact composition. Purple jade is found in translucent to opaque varieties and has a smooth, waxy luster. Most jade is often cut into cabochons or various special smooth cuts or carved. Faceting jade is less common but can give the gemstone added depth.

Purple Sapphire


  • Uncommon sapphire color
  • Often untreated
  • Excellent durability
  • Quite rare

Say sapphire and we think of a vivid blue gemstone. But there is such a thing as purple sapphire which is rarer and as beautiful as its blue counterparts. This color occurs traces of elements such as chromium is present during the sapphire’s formation. Many people sometimes confuse purple sapphires for amethysts, but purple sapphires are a more durable and harder (Mohs 9) gemstone, second only to diamonds but with better toughness. They are extremely resistant to breakage and chipping.

While most other sapphires on the market are heat treated to enhance color and clarity, purple sapphires are generally not treated because they have very good natural coloring. Because of their brilliance and durability, these sapphires are an excellent choice if you want a purple gemstone for an everyday piece of jewellery, such as an engagement ring.

Purple Fluorite


  • Low durability
  • Very rare
  • Vitreous luster
  • Often transparent

Fluorite is a very popular variety of gemstones among collectors but is not commonly used in jewellery due to its low durability. The quintessential fluorite color is purple, but it occurs in every color imaginable. While most purple fluorite occurs in a single color, there is a purple and white banded variety known as Blue John.

High quality purple fluorite should have very good transparency and be eye-clean. Fluorite has a beautiful vitreous luster and can be cut into most standard gemstone shapes. However, fluorite is very soft (Mohs 4) and has distinct cleavage. It is not suitable for most types of jewellery, especially those that are likely to have high exposure. However, it can be used in jewellery such as pendants and earrings.

Purple Kunzite


  • Exhibits pleochroism
  • Good clarity
  • Light to vivid hues
  • Affordable
  • Distinct cleavage

Kunzite is little-known beautiful gemstone that occurs in pink to purple shades. The gem was first discovered in the USA but today most kunzite comes from Pakistan and Afghanistan. Most purple kunzite is quite light in color but some stones can have a vivid and intense hue. Kunzite can also exhibit pleochroism, which refers to its ability to exhibit two colors at the same time depending on the angle it is viewed from. Typically, the two colors are pink and purple or colorless. Kunzite is also generally free of inclusions and has very good transparency. You can find kunzite in a range of fancy shapes, although smooth polished cabochons are also common.

Most kunzite on the market is free of treatments or enhancements. Kunzite is a fairly durable stone (6.5 to 7 Mohs) can be used for most types of jewellery. However, as it has very distinct cleavage, it is prone to breakage and needs to be protected from impact and blows. Kunzite remains a very affordable stone and because it is found in large sizes, it is perfect for large statement jewellery.

Purple Tourmaline


  • Not a popular tourmaline color
  • Very good durability
  • Vitreous luster
  • Brilliant

Purple tourmaline is not the most popular tourmaline color but is beautiful when set in jewellery. They come in a range of purple shades and can be quite affordable. All colored tourmaline exhibits some form of pleochroism. This makes tourmaline a dynamic and vibrant gemstone for jewellery, especially when viewed from different angles under lights.

Most purple tourmalines are faceted to enhance the stone’s brilliance and pleochroism (if noticeable). Purple tourmaline has good durability (7 to 7.5 Mohs) and with reasonable care can last a very long time.  Heat treatment is commonly carried out on tourmalines to enhance their color; however, your vendor should let you know if such treatments have been done on your stone.



  • Very rare
  • Uncommon in jewellery
  • Opaque to translucent clarity
  • Contains patterns, patches and veins
  • Medium durability

Sugilite was initially discovered in Japan and is categorized as a rare gemstone. Small deposits of sugilite have been found in other regions but these are not abundant. As a result, it is not a mainstream gemstone and there aren’t many options when it comes to sugilite jewellery.

Sugilite is found from faint pink-purple varieties to dark blue-purple. However, the most valuable and sought-after sugilite color is an evenly saturated vivid purple hue. Sugilite is often opaque to translucent and most contain dark veins or patches that form interesting patterns on its surface.  It is commonly cut en cabochon or carved into intricate and beautiful designs, although translucent sugilite can be faceted for added depth and light play. Sugilite is rarely enhanced or treated. It is not a very durable gemstone (5.5 to 6.5 Mohs) and can easily get damaged.

Purple Jasper


  • Commonly found
  • Opaque to translucent clarity
  • Contains patterns, matrix and veins
  • Medium hardness
  • Very tough

Jasper is commonly red, but it can also be found in purple shades. It is a variety of chalcedony, a type of quartz. Jasper often has interesting matrix inclusions and patterns that add character to the stone and are quite desirable. Most jasper is translucent to opaque in clarity and is often cut en cabochon or carved. Jasper is rarely faceted.

With a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale and very good toughness due to its compact nature, jasper jewellery can last a very long time without damage. As it is relatively affordable, it is an ideal gemstone for costume jewellery and statement pieces.

Some other purple gemstones

Here are some purple gemstones that we have not included in our list of top 12 purple gemstones.

  • Charoite– This gemstone varies in color from lilac to deep purple. It is a somewhat soft, translucent gemstone that is found only in Siberia and is quite rare.
  • Purple Agate – Agate can be found in all colors in banded and single color varieties. Gemstone Purple agate typically comes from Botswana and Brazil.
  • Purple Lepidolite – This beautiful gemstone has a vitreous luster and is transparent to translucent in clarity. However it is very soft (2.5 to 33 Mohs) and not very suitable for jewellery.
  • Purple Scapolite – Transparent with a vitreous luster, scapolite is a sparkly gemstone with medium hardness. It is quite a rare gemstone and is sought-after by collector’s and mineral enthusiasts.

Purple Gemstones and Metals

Purple gemstones go well with all metal colors, which is a factor that determines the style of the jewellery. For example, white metals such as platinum, silver or white gold give a contemporary look to purple gemstones, making them stand out in contrast. An amethyst in a white gold setting, for example, appears prominent and to full advantage.

Rose and yellow gold settings offer a unique, vintage look when combined with purple gemstones. These are more classical in appearance and are not very commonly chosen combinations.

Symbolism of Purple in Jewellery

Purple is a combination of red and blue, which are the warmest and coolest colors. As such, it combines the fierce energy of red with the calming, soothing vibes of blue for a balancing, harmonious feel.

Purple has been connected to royalty and the upper echelons since ancient times, with history stating that Queen Elizabeth the First only allowing members of the royal family to wear it. It is also a rare color in nature, giving purple gemstones that extra allure.

Where to Shop

Because purple is a relatively popular gemstone color, you will have options even at a brick and mortar store. Most physical stores commonly stock amethysts, although other purple gemstones may be uncommon. However, if you take your search online, even the harder to find purple gemstones will be accessible.


When shopping for gemstones, always purchase from a reputable and licensed jeweller and check the origin of the stone. Ask about what treatments have been conducted on the stone and where applicable, request a certificate of authenticity. Always take some time to check the genuineness and value of the item, especially if the gemstone you are eyeing is expensive.

List of Green Gemstones Guide

Green is among the most sought-after colors for gemstones and has always been an important color in the gemstone world. It is a sophisticated color that adds a touch of elegance to any outfit. Green symbolizes life and renewal, as well as freshness, nature and energy. It is the most soothing color on the spectrum and we are naturally drawn to it. learn about List of Green Gemstones Guide.

List of Green Gemstones Guide

Although emeralds may be the most well-known green gemstone, there are over 100 types of green gemstones that can be used in jewellery. These range in shades, prices and features, and it can be difficult to choose the right stone to suit your purposes. Here we list the top 16 green gemstones that are stunning in jewellery.

Green Diamond


  • An exclusive gemstone
  • Extremely rare
  • Very expensive
  • Synthetic varieties available

Green diamonds are extremely rare. While most colored diamonds get their color from the presence of trace elements, green diamonds are quite unique in this respect. They receive their coloring from natural irradiation that occurs over thousands of years. Yes, radiation is dangerous, but green diamonds are not radioactive and are safe to wear.

Green diamonds are very expensive, but not as much as red or pink diamonds. They are found ranging in shades from faint to deep green, sometimes with secondary tones of yellow, brown or blue. Because they are so expensive, synthetic (man-made) green diamonds offer a more affordable option.

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Body Jewellery

Birthstones by Month

Jewellery Definitions

Green Sapphire


  • Rare
  • Highly durable
  • Commonly heat treated
  • Synthetic varieties available

Until recently, green sapphires were not considered very desirable, but they are now increasing in popularity. Green sapphires are quite rare and get their color from the presence of iron. Because blue is the desirable sapphire color, it can be difficult to find green sapphire jewellery. January Birthstones Garnet Stone

These gemstones come in shades varying from faint green to dark green, with secondary hints of blue or yellow. Because of sapphire’s excellent gemstone qualities, such as high durability (Mohs 9), brilliance and beauty, green sapphires are a good choice for all types of rings. Most green sapphires are heat treated, which is a common industry standard.



  • Most well-known green stone
  • Often heavily included
  • Commonly treated
  • Not highly durable
  • A beryl variety

The most popular green gemstone of all, emeralds have been used since antiquity. The famous Egyptian queen Cleopatra was known for wearing emeralds. Emeralds were even used in burial rituals, as mummies have been found buried with emeralds.

Emeralds are a member of the illustrious beryl family of gemstones. When purchasing an emerald, the most important factor is color. After all, an emerald is nothing if not green. The more intense and vivid the color, the more valuable the stone. Most emeralds contain inclusions, often moss-like threads nicknamed ‘jardin’ for the French word garden. These are very common and eye-clean emeralds are incredibly rare. Emeralds are fairly durable stones (7.5 to 8 Mohs) but the inclusions can cause the stone to weaken and chip when exposed to rough wear. They are commonly treated and fracture-filled to enhance color and stability. Emeralds are ideal for all types of jewellery but extra care must be taken if chosen for an engagement ring.



  • Tough and compact
  • Medium hardness
  • Rarely faceted
  • Highly valued in Asian countries
  • Waxy to vitreous luster

The word jade is nearly a synonym of green. Jade has been valued and used since ancient times, especially in China where jade usage can be traced back to over 7000 years ago! Jade comes in two varieties: jadeite and nephrite. Jadeite is considered more valuable and of better quality, while nephrite is more abundant and less expensive. Jade is fairly soft (6 Mohs) but very tough due to its compact composition. Most jade is often cut into cabochons or various special smooth cuts or carved. Faceting jade is less common but can give the gemstone an added brilliance. Jade has an attractive waxy luster that makes you want to reach out and touch the gemstone.

Green Agate


  • Commonly included
  • Vitreous luster
  • Often enhanced
  • Medium hardness

Agate is found in a variety of colors, with green being one of the more rarer varieties. It is generally banded or found with dendritic inclusions. Unicolor green gemstones are almost always dyed to achieve the color. Agate is smooth with a vitreous luster, and is generally translucent to opaque. They are commonly cut into cabochons but sometimes faceted for more depth and light reflection. Agates have very good durability (7 Mohs) and are suitable for all types of jewellery. Green agate is a fairly affordable gemstone although the quality of the setting and workmanship involved can hike the price of the overall piece.

Tsavorite Garnet


  • Relatively new gemstone
  • Very Rare
  • Popular and sought-after
  • Relatively expensive
  • Good durability
  • Good substitute for emerald

Tsavorite (a.k.a. tsavolite) is a new gemstone in the jewellery market. It is a variety of the green grossular garnet and gets its striking green color from trace amounts of vanadium or chromium present during its formation. Tsavorite is one of the most popular of the garnet varieties and due to its rarity, it is quite valuable.  Tsavorite is a very good substitute for emeralds, as it is more durable (7 to 7.5 Mohs), less expensive and equally beautiful and brilliant. What’s more, unlike emeralds, tsavorites are rarely (if ever) treated and are a natural gem. They have also not yet been synthesized.

Tsavorite gemstones occur in vivid green shades and are generally eye-clean stones of excellent transparency. They are almost always faceted to enhance their brilliance. Most tsavorite is found in up to 1 carat pieces with stones over 2 carats being rare.

Demantoid Garnet


  • Most valuable garnet type
  • Found in small sizes
  • Distinctive inclusions
  • Good brilliance

Another member of the garnet family, demantoids belong to the andradite variety. Demantoids are the most valuable type of garnets and are also very rare. Most demantoid gemstones come in sizes under 2 carats so finding a large demantoid stone is difficult.

Demantoids occur in colors ranging from faint to vivid emerald green. Some have secondary colors of yellow or brown, which are less desirable. Vivid green demantoids, which primarily come from Russia, are the most valuable. Some demantoids contain rare horsetail shaped inclusions, which are not found in other gems. These inclusions add value to the stone, making demantoids one of the very few gemstones that gain value from its impurities. Demantoids are highly brilliant gemstones and are durable enough for regular use.



  • Idiochromatic
  • Good durability
  • Reasonably priced
  • Nicknamed the volcanic gemstone

Peridot is an idiochromatic stone meaning that it is only found in one color. It comes in shades of green, often with yellowish tones. Peridot is one of only two stones (the other being diamonds) that are formed deep within the mantle of the earth and come to the surface through violent geological activity. This is why it is also known as the volcanic gemstone. Peridot is durable enough for regular use (6.5 to 7 Mohs) but ideally should be mounted in protective settings, such as bezel, when used in rings. Peridot can be cut into all standard gems shapes, such as ovals, marquise, rounds, squares and trilliants. These shapes bring out the brilliance of the stone. Most peridot is eye-clean but can sometimes contain lillypad-like inclusions or little black spots, visible under magnification.



  • Color-changing stone
  • Very expensive
  • Rare
  • Synthetic varieties common
  • Highly durable

Alexandrite is a color-changing stone, known for being an ‘emerald by day and a ruby by night’. It is valued for its ability to change color from green to red based on the light source it is viewed under. Because alexandrite is very expensive and rare, the majority of alexandrites on the market are lab-created versions. On a side note, lab-created doesn’t mean fake. They are identical to natural alexandrites with the main difference being that they were created using science and technology.

Alexandrite is a hard stone (8.5 Mohs) and has excellent durability and toughness. It can be used in all types of jewellery and worn every day.



  • Rare
  • Named after the Amazon River
  • Fairly hard (Mohs 6 to 6.5)
  • Translucent to opaque
  • Vitreous luster

This gemstone presumably gets its name from the Amazon Rainforest even though there are no amazonite deposits in that area. It comes in shades of light green to a blue-green color, but the most desirable variety is a deep, leaf-green. Amazonite often contains white streaks or lines, forming random patterns that add character and depth to the stone. These beautiful gemstones are not generally treated or enhanced in any way. They are abundantly found and are reasonably priced.

Green Tourmaline – a.k.a. Verdalite


  • Popular green gemstone
  • Valuable color – mint green
  • Very good durability
  • Vitreous luster
  • Brilliant

Tourmaline comes in all colors of the rainbow, with the green variety known as verdalite. Green tourmaline is a very popular gemstone and is found in all shades of green, with mint green being the most valuable. Tourmalines contain no cleavage and is quite hard (7 to 7.5 Mohs) making it a durable gemstone. Generally, green tourmalines contain little to no impurities, but those with inclusions are weaker and more prone to damage.

Green tourmalines have a vitreous luster and interact beautifully with light. When used in jewellery, green tourmalines are often faceted to maximize the reflection of light. While most tourmalines are heat treated, this is not common for green varieties.



  • A type of quartz
  • Displays aventurescence
  • Medium durability
  • Often opaque

Aventurine is a variety of the common quartz family. It is commonly green but can also be found in other colors. It has beautiful colors from light to dark forest green. Aventurine has a glitter effect across its surface that comes from the small flaky impurities present in the stone, known as aventurescence. This is a desirable quality of the gemstone and adds to its beauty.

Although of medium hardness (6.5 to 7 Mohs) aventurine is a tough gemstone due to its compact structure. It has a vitreous to waxy luster and is often translucent to opaque. Aventurine is mostly cut into cabochons and is classified as a minor gemstone. Aventurine can fit all styles of jewellery, such as bohemian, vintage and contemporary designs, depending on the type of setting it is paired with.

Green Labradorite


  • Displays labradorescence
  • Opaque varieties preferred
  • Low hardness
  • Fairly durable
  • Affordable

Labradorite is a beautiful gemstone that often has distinct iridescence (known as labradorescence and displays flashes of color. Some labradorite displays the entire spectrum of colors while others are more subdued. Opaque varieties of labradorite are more desirable as they have labradorescence, whereas rare, transparent labradorite does not display this.

Labradorite is a plagioclase feldspar and displays its distinct labradorescence due to the way in which the rock is formed with the impurities within it. Ranking at 6 to 6.5 on the Mohs scale, it is not very scratch resistant but is a fairly tough stone. It is used in various styles of jewellery, but is particularly beautiful in bohemian and gypsy designs.

Bloodstone – a.k.a. Heliotrope and Blood Jasper


  • Red/brown spots across surface
  • Medium hardness
  • Historically significant
  • Affordable

Bloodstone derives its name from the red and brown spots that dot its surface, like blood spots. Apart from this morbid association, bloodstones are beautiful gemstones that have been used since ancient times. Bloodstones are dark green to bluish-green gemstones of the chalcedony family and have a hardness of 6.5 to7. They are normally cut en cabochon but may sometimes be faceted. They are also ideal for carvings. Due to its hardness and toughness, bloodstone can be made into any type of jewellery, from delicate pieces to statement items. They are especially popular as a gemstone for men’s rings. Bloodstones are usually not treated or enhanced in anyway and the color is natural. They are also very affordable making them a perfect gemstone to add to any jewellery collection.



  • Abundant
  • Affordable
  • Often displays banding and eyes
  • Very soft

Malachite is known for its bright green color and interesting banding and eyes. The inclusions and intergrowths of malachite with other minerals and elements create beautiful and intriguing patterns. Malachite is a fairly abundant and are reasonably priced. However, high-quality malachite gemstones with unusual patterns or chatoyancy will command higher prices.

Malachite is a very soft gemstone (3.4 to 4) and has perfect cleavage. As a result, if exposed to rough wear and knocks, malachite can easily be damaged. It also does not handle heat or chemicals well. However, due to its stunning patterns and relative affordability, malachite is a popular gemstone, especially for statement pieces.

Green Topaz


  • Very brilliant
  • High durability
  • Often transparent
  • Not a common color

Topaz is naturally colorless but gets its colors from the presence of trace elements such as chromium. Green topaz is generally very light in color with a vitreous luster. However, it is not a very popular topaz color.

Green topaz is quite brilliant and is often faceted to bring out this brilliance. Green topaz, like all topaz varieties, is an ideal gemstone for jewellery because it is durable (8 Mohs) and affordable. It is often transparent and rarely contains visible inclusions. Green topaz can be used in all types of jewellery, from bracelets and rings to earrings and pendants.

Other Notable Green Gemstones

There are many green gemstones in use in the jewellery world. Here are a few that didn’t make our top 16 list for one reason or another.

  • Green Zircon– Zircon is a natural gemstone, not to be confused with cubic zirconia. It is highly brilliant and fiery and is quite rare. Natural zircon is the oldest mineral found on earth.
  • Green Pearl – These are a variety of black pearls. They are known for displaying an iridescent green sheen against a dark body tone.
  • Green Fluorite– This gemstone is highly valued in crystal healing. It is a very popular mineral and has bright, vivid hues.
  • Prasiolite– Often called green amethyst, prasiolite is produced by heating or irradiating natural amethyst. It is not a naturally colored gemstone.
  • Green Apatite– This is a rarer apatite color and comes in a variety of shades. Green apatite is lustrous and beautiful. However, most apatite stones have visible inclusions.

Green Gemstones and Metals

Green gemstones go well with all metal colors, but the metal color can affect the style of the jewellery. For example, white metals such as platinum, silver or white gold give a contemporary look to green gemstones while rose gold offers a unique, vintage look. Green gemstones set in yellow gold has a very attractive appearance. The color theory behind this is that green and yellow create an analogous color combination. This forms a relaxing and immediately likeable impression.

Green Gemstones and Skin Tone

Certain colors compliment certain skin tones better than others. There are three main types of skin tone – warm, neutral and cool. If you aren’t sure what your skin tone is, read our article on skin tones.

Green gemstones are particularly flattering against warm skin tones and can bring out the blush, earthy undertones of the skin.  But this of course is not a hard and fast rule. If the gemstone looks good on you then that’s all that matters.

Where to Shop

Because green is a popular gemstone color, you will have many options even at a brick and mortar store. Most physical stores commonly stock emeralds and peridots, among others. However, if you take your search online, even the harder to find green gemstones will be accessible to you.



When shopping for gemstones, always purchase from a reputable and licensed jeweler and check the origin of the stone. Ask about what treatments, if any, have been conducted on the stone and where applicable, request a certificate of authenticity. Always take some time to check the genuineness and value of the item, especially if the gemstone you are eyeing is expensive.

List of Red Gemstones Guide

Red is one of the most popular gemstone colors and has been throughout history. Stones such as rubies, garnets and red diamonds have been valued for centuries. Semi Precious Stones What is it about red gemstones that has such an allure? It is an eye-catching color that looks beautiful on almost all skin tones. What’s more, red symbolizes our strongest emotions such as love, lust and passion. As such, a red gemstone is a perfect gift for a loved one, to represent love or affection. learn more about Red Gemstones Guide.

Red Gemstones Guide

Regardless of symbolism, it is undeniable that red gemstones are enchanting used in any type of jewellery. There are many types of red gemstones that come in a range of shades and prices.

Here we have picked our top 15 red gemstones used in jewellery.

Red Diamond


  • Highly exclusive
  • Extremely rare
  • Incredibly expensive
  • Synthetic varieties available

Red diamonds are the rarest and most valuable of all colored diamonds. High quality vivid red diamonds are notoriously difficult to come across and only a handful of them are known to exist. Most colored diamonds get their color due to the presence of some foreign element during its formation. Red diamonds are a little bit different. They are made entirely of carbon with their color caused due to deformities in the crystal lattice. When light passes through, it is bent and appears red. See also: Buddhism Jewellery Guide

Most red diamonds have secondary tints and these can affect the price of the stone but the best are of course vivid red diamonds. Natural red diamonds cost several hundred thousand dollars per carat! A more affordable alternative is to purchase a synthetic red diamond, which are man-made varieties.



  • Prestigious
  • Expensive
  • Often treated or enhanced
  • Synthetic varieties available
  • Very durable
  • July Birthstone Ruby

Rubies are among the most valuable and sought-after colored gemstone. Natural untreated rubies are very rare and very expensive, so most of the rubies you’ll come across on the market are either synthetic or treated in some ways. Most rubies are heat treated to enhance their color and make them more desirable. Don’t worry as this is an industry standard and will be mentioned on the certificate of authenticity that comes with the stone. If you want the very best variety of ruby, choose the pigeon blood red color. These are the most vivid and beautiful yet also the most expensive.

Made of corundum, rubies are simply the red versions of sapphires. They have excellent hardness (Mohs 9) second only to diamonds and because they have no cleavage, rubies aren’t prone to breaking or chipping, making them excellent for daily wear. You can find synthetic and treated versions of rubies also, so knowing the origin of your stone is important to avoid being ripped off. Check our article on how to tell if a ruby is real for more information.

See also:

How to Choose a Wedding Ring?

Everything about Swarovski Crystal

Everything about Copper

Jewellery Definitions



  • Relatively affordable
  • Medium hardness
  • Good substitute for ruby

Garnets are often confused for rubies because of their vivid red hue. However, generally, garnets tend to be darker in color and tone than rubies. Garnets not very expensive and it’s easy to find beautiful, pieces of garnet jewellery at good prices.

Garnets are often eye-clean gemstones, meaning that they don’t contain visible impurities. They often have excellent transparency. However, garnets are not very hard (Mohs 6.5 to 7) and can easily be scratched or damaged. If worn in rings, garnets should be mounted in a protective setting such as bezel or halo to minimize damage to the piece. They are not suited for daily wear but with reasonable maintenance, can last decades.

Tourmaline – a.k.a. Rubellite


  • Popular
  • Fairly expensive
  • Often eye-clean
  • Medium hardness
  • Used in all types of jewellery

Tourmaline, the rainbow gemstone, comes in all colors of the rainbow, including red. The pinkish-red variety of tourmaline is known as rubellite and is a very popular color. Red tourmaline is often free of inclusions and have very high levels of clarity. They have a vitreous luster and interact beautifully with light. When used in jewellery, red tourmalines are often faceted to maximize the reflection of light. They can be cut into most popular gemstone shapes, such as emerald cut, marquise, pear, trilliant and baguettes, but are often found in long shapes. Because they are tough stones, red tourmalines stand up to wear and tear fairly well. They are durable (7 to 7.5 Mohs) and can be used in all types of jewellery.

Red Zircon


  • Somewhat rare
  • Good brilliance
  • Fairly expensive
  • Medium hardness
  • Very brittle

Red zircon is a beautiful natural gemstone but because of the similarity of its name to cubic zirconia it is often thought of as a cheap, man-made stone. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Red zircons are quite rare but are a common zircon color. They are often in vivid reds with purple or orange secondary tints. While zircon is a beautiful gemstone for jewlery, they are not very hard (6 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale) and because of their brittleness, they can easily get damaged or chipped. Most zircons on the market are heat treated.

Red Agate


  • Often banded
  • Typically dyed
  • Medium hardness
  • Affordable

Red agate with a single color is quite rare and it is often found banded with layers of white or gray. Red agates that display only red color are often dyed varieties. Agate has a beautiful smooth sheen and a waxy luster, making it perfect for when cut into cabochons. It is generally translucent to opaque and of very good durability (Mohs 7). Agates can be worn in all types of gemstones with reasonable care. Although red agate is an affordable stone, the workmanship and settings used to make the jewellery often raises the price of the final item.

Red Spinel


  • Highly popular
  • Good substitute for ruby
  • Fairly affordable
  • Untreated
  • Very good durability

Red spinel is one of the most popular red gemstones. In the past, red spinel was mistaken for ruby and was only identified as a stone in its own right with the rise of modern day gemmological tools. Red spinel has been the great imposter in the world of gemstones. Even the famous crown of England contained a large red spinel which at the time was thought to be a ruby. When this was found out, this crown jewel was later nicknamed The Black Prince’s Ruby! This mistake was partly due to the fact that most red spinels are found in the same mines as rubies.

As a gemstone for jewellery, red spinel is often free of inclusions and displays high levels of clarity. They are transparent and due to the high refractive index and dispersion, are very brilliant. What’s more, red spinel is very durable (Mohs 8) and ideal for use in all types of jewellery. Red spinel is quite affordable and are not known to be treated.

Red Topaz


  • Valuable topaz color
  • Fairly affordable
  • Not rare
  • Very good durability

Red topaz is among the most valuable of topaz colors. As with most gemstones, the deeper and more vivid the color, the more valuable the gemstone.  Red topaz is an ideal gemstone for jewellery because it is durable (8 Mohs), affordable and is relatively plentiful in nature. Red topaz has a vitreous luster and is brilliant when faceted. It is often transparent and rarely contains visible inclusions. Most red topaz is heat treated to enhance color. Red topaz can be used in all types of jewellery, from bracelets and rings to earrings and pendants.

Red Beryl – a.k.a. Bixbite


  • Extremely rare
  • Expensive
  • Found in small sizes
  • Very good durability (8 Mohs)

Not many people have head of bixbite, but everyone knowns emeralds, morganites and aquamarines. What do these four have in common? They’re all from the same mineral family – beryl. Gemstone Bixbite is the red version of beryl and is the rarest beryl gemstone. In fact, it is often considered the rarest gemstone on earth!

It is a relatively new gemstone and was only used in jewellery in the mid-20th century. It is has pinkish-reddish shades and is found in small sizes, often under 1 carat. Bixbite, or red beryl, often has inclusions, much like the green gemstone emerald. Bixbite is also known by the name Red Emerald. Gemstone Bixbite is mainly a collector’s item and is quite valuable.


Red Jasper


  • Commonly found
  • Affordable
  • Opaque
  • Affordable
  • Medium hardness

Jasper is a variety of quartz and can be found in many colors, with red being one of the most common. It’s an opaque gemstone that is known for the many spots and patterns that can be found on the surface.  Jewellery made out of jasper is often unique and has a bohemian vibe to it.

Red jasper is always opaque and has a vitreous luster. Most red jasper is not treated in anyway, meaning that the color you see is its actual color. Jasper is used in all types of jewellery, but is a relatively soft stone (6.5 to 7 Mohs) and although tough, can chip and break if dealt a tough blow. One good thing about red jasper is its affordability. Most jasper is cut into cabochons or smooth shapes, as well as carved. Because it is quite a common gemstone you can find red jasper to suit almost any budget.

Carnelian – a.k.a. Cornelian


  • Never opaque
  • Durable stone
  • Vintage vibe
  • Medium hardness

Carnelian has been used in gemstones since ancient times and was highly valued in the past. While it’s not as valuable today, carnelian is still used to create beautiful pieces of jewellery. Carnelian jewellery often has a vintage charm, especially when set in beautifully tarnished sterling silver.

Carnelian is the red variety of chalcedony and is found in transparent to nearly opaque varieties. Even though it may look solid, light will always be able to enter the stone to some degree. Carnelian has a glassy luster and can also look waxy. It is mainly cut into cabochons but may sometimes be faceted for more light reflection. It is a tough stone due to its crystalline structure and is quite durable (7 Mohs) for every day wear.

Red Coral


  • Organic
  • Very soft
  • Affordable
  • Not naturally lustrous

Red coral is a variety of organic gemstones. It is found in the ocean and made from tiny marine creatures known as coral polyps. As the polyps grow, build their homes and dye, the coral reefs grow into large structures, often of many beautiful colors. Red coral is made of calcium carbonate and, like all organic gemstones, is quite a soft stone (3 to 4 Mohs).

Red coral is often translucent to opaque and is one of the most popular coral colors. The red shades are vibrant and eye-catching, making for stunning jewellery. Red coral is often shaped into cabochons, beads or cameos. For a natural and tropical look, jewelers often try to retain the original shape of the coral when making their designs. While red coral is naturally not lustrous, when it is polished and waxed it exhibits on a smooth, glossy surface. Red coral makes for great statement necklaces and rings but can also be fashioned into delicate pieces.

Red Rhodolite Garnet


  • Little-known
  • Relatively pricey
  • Generally eye-clean
  • Medium hardness

Often confused with rhodochrosite and rhodonite, rhodolite is a rare variety of the garnet family. It is a little-known gemstone. Rhodolite is found in vibrant shades of red, often dark, and contains little to no visible impurities. Rhodolite has high brilliance and is often faceted to enhance this luster of the stone. Gemstone Rhodolite is always untreated, meaning that it contains its natural color.

Although rhodolite is not very hard (6.5 to 7.5 Mohs) it is used to make all types of jewellery, even rings. They are quite tough stones and require minimal care and cleaning. This beautiful gemstone pairs well with any metal color.

Red Andesine – a.k.a. Andesine-Labradorite


  • A new gemstone
  • Mysterious origins
  • Medium hardness
  • Typically synthetically colored
  • Good ruby substitute

This gemstone is a new kid on the block, only entering the market in the early 2000s as a gemstone for jewellery. There is some mystery surrounding this gemstone as no one really knows where it is mined nor what it is really called. What we do know is that andesine is a plagioclase feldspar, is found in a variety of red shades, as well as other colors. It looks very similar to sunstone.

Andesine has a hardness of 6 to 6.5 on the Mohs scale and has a glassy luster. It can be made into most types of jewellery, although it isn’t recommended for rings. Andesine is not very costly and is sometimes used in place of more expensive gemstones such as ruby. It is often faceted to bring out its brilliance. Most of the andesine on the market is synthetically colored, although not all vendors disclose this. This can make shopping for andesine difficult as you never really know if you’re getting the real deal.

Red Tiger’s Eye


  • Not rare
  • Transparent to opaque
  • Affordable
  • Medium hardness
  • Earthy colors

Tiger’s Eye is a type of quartz that is very affordable and easy to find. Red tiger’s eye is reddish to brownish red and is wooden and earthy in color. Tiger’s eye is often banded or has beautiful dark patterns that add character to the stone. Tiger’s eye jewellery is unique and has a bohemian touch to it.

Most red tiger’s eye is translucent to opaque and can sometimes exhibit chatoyancy which is the cat’s eye effect. Tiger’s eye may sometimes display iridescence and has a smooth, silky luster. It is good for regular use and is durable enough to be used in most types of jewellery (Mohs 6.5 to 7).

Some Notable Mentions:

There are many red gemstones in use in the jewellery world. Here are a few that didn’t make our top 15 list for one reason or another.



  • Red Fluorite – This is a brilliant gemstone with a beautiful red hue. However it is quite rare and soft, making it unsuitable for most jewellery making.


  • Red Pezzottaite – This gemstone is one of the rarest gemstones. Like bixbite, they are a beryl variety and are a relatively new gemstone.


  • Red Oligoclase – These stones come from India and Sri Lanka and although commonly white, red varieties have been found too.


  • Cuprite – This gemstone has a very unique color and are highly brilliant with a vivid red hue. However, due to its softness, it is not recommended for use in jewellery.


Red Gemstones and Metals

Although red may seem like a feminine color, it is gender-neutral and many amazing jewellery designs for men include red gemstones. Red gemstones pair well with all metal colors. When set in silver-hued metals, such as platinum, white gold or silver, it has a contemporary look. If the silver is purposely tarnished to bring out an elaborate and detailed design, it takes on a more vintage appearance.

Yellow gold also gives red gemstones a traditional look. This is because yellow gold is a classic  jewellery color and has a vintage look. Rose gold and red gemstones makes for an interesting pairing. Not everyone will appreciate this combination but it does tend to make for some beautiful and arresting jewellery.


Red Gemstones and Skin Tone

Most people overlook how skin tone can affect their jewellery choices, but this is a factor to consider. Certain colors compliment certain skin tones better than others. If you aren’t sure what your skin tone is, read our article on skin tones. Red is ideal with cool skin tones and stands out vibrantly against the skin. It can make warm skin tones look dull. But this of course is not a hard and fast rule. If the gemstone looks good against your skin then that’s all that matters.

Where to Shop

Red is a highly popular color for gemstones and there will be lots of options available to you whether you shop online or at a brick and mortar store. However, taking your search online will give you more options to find even the most uncommon varieties of red gemstones.


Remember to always shop at a reputable and licensed jeweler and check the origin of the stone before you purchase. Ask about what treatments, if any, have been conducted on the stone and where applicable, request a certificate of authenticity. Always take some time to check the genuineness and value of the item, especially if investing in an expensive red gemstone.

List of Yellow Gemstones Guide

List of Yellow Gemstones guide are experiencing a surge in popularity as more and more people turn towards colored gemstone jewellery.

From a color psychology point of view, yellow symbolizes many positive concepts, Jewellery Definitions including freshness, happiness, energy, loyalty and enlightenment. In some cultures, yellow signifies good luck, wealth and health. From a fashion perspective, yellow jewellery suits almost every other color. And on the color spectrum, this is the color that is the most attention-getting. Birthstones by Month

List of Yellow Gemstones

With the gemstone world boasting over 100 different types of yellow stones, here are our top picks for yellow gemstones that you can add to your collection.

Yellow Diamond

Yellow diamond is the most common and affordable of all colored diamonds. They get their color through traces of nitrogen present during the formation of the stone.

Diamonds are known for their brilliance and fire, and these can be seen in yellow diamonds as well. Yellow diamonds are ideal for engagement rings, due to their excellent durability. Although diamonds can tend to be somewhat brittle, they have a hardness of 10 on the Mohs scale, are extremely scratch resistant and are very easy to maintain.

The best color for yellow diamonds are Fancy Vivid. Most show tints of a secondary color, which can affect the value of the stone. If the secondary tints are greenish, the value of the stone increases, while brownish tints can drag the price down.

The most expensive and prestigious of all the yellow gemstones, yellow diamond is ideal for you if durability and status are priorities.

Yellow Sapphire

Say sapphire September Birthstone Sapphire and what pops into mind is a vivid blue stone. Not many people know that sapphires can be found in beautiful yellow hues as well.

Yellow sapphire is second in hardness only to diamonds, with a Mohs ranking of 9. However, they are tougher than diamonds due to their composition and are extremely resistant to breakage and chipping.

The beauty of a sapphire is in its color, rather than its play of light. Sapphire comes in a range of yellow tones, from light to intense yellow. This yellow color comes from iron impurities in the stone. The higher the amount of iron present, the more vivid the color and the higher the value of the stone. Sapphires with greenish tints caused by titanium should be avoided.

Yellow sapphires are much more affordable than diamonds but have just as beautiful a color. Regular cleaning will keep the stone from getting dirty and cloudy, enabling it to reflect light and sparkle beautifully.


Amber is one of a few organic gemstones and is made of fossilized tree resin. This gemstone has been used for centuries in jewellery, dating back all the way to 13,000 years.

One of ambers beautiful characteristics is the many inclusions present in the stone. Some common inclusions include insects and plant matter, and the more interesting the inclusions the higher the price. This is in direct opposition of the general rule that inclusions lower the value of a gemstone.

The flip side of amber is that it is extremely soft, at 2 on the Mohs scale. Amber is also sensitive to chemicals, alcohol and perfumes and needs extra care.


Citrine is among the more popularly known yellow gemstones. Called citrine after the French word citron for lemon, this stone is known for its beautiful yellow-brown hue.

With a hardness ranking of 7 on the Mohs scale, citrine is relatively tough and can be worn daily with reasonable care. In case of damage, replacing a citrine will not be too costly as citrine is very affordable.

Citrine is generally high in clarity, and doesn’t contain any visible impurities. The stone is highly transparent and comes with a vitreous luster. To enhance its brilliance, citrine is often faceted. Due to its color, citrine has come to symbolize positivity, happiness and contentment and is popular among crystal healers.

Yellow Chrysoberyl

Chrysoberyl is a rare gemstone that exhibits a range of yellow tones from light to vivid. A very durable gemstone, chrysoberyl ranks at 8.5 on the Mohs scale and is also very tough, resisting breakage.

Although the extremely rare and highly valuable alexandrite and cat’s-eye chrysoberyl are members of the same family, yellow chrysoberyl is quite commonly found and not very expensive.

This is a good gemstone for engagement rings, due to its durability. When faceted, it exhibits very good sparkle.

Yellow fire opal

Opals are generally known for their flashes of color and beautiful milky white or darker body tones. Fire opals are transparent to translucent opals with a dominant red, orange or yellow tone. Of these three, yellow is the most affordable and common. Whether faceted or cut smooth, these stones have a beautiful texture and finish. These generally don’t display the flashes of color for which opals are famous.

Fire opal is relatively soft at 5.5 on the Mohs scale. It is not very durable, and is susceptible to scratches. It also has poor toughness and can be broken or chipped easily.  While not recommended for rings, fire opal make excellent pendants and earrings due to less exposure. It is a subtle, smooth gemstone that is very pretty to look at.

Yellow Topaz

The word topaz is said to originate from the Sanskrit word tapas, meaning fire, possibly because of its sparkling golden hues. Although yellow topaz is quite common and affordable, the Imperial Topaz variety, known for its dark orange-yellow color, is rare and expensive.

Yellow topaz ranks at a hard 8 on the Mohs scale. It also has excellent clarity and is rarely found with visible inclusions. With its transparent vitreous sheen, yellow topaz is a brilliant stone when faceted.

Yellow Sphene

Sphene might not be a mainstream gemstone, but it boasts brilliance and color to rival any other yellow stone. In fact, a well-faceted yellow sphene is as fiery as a yellow diamond. This is due to the stone’s very high refractive index and ability to play with light.

Yellow sphene is generally found in smaller sizes in nature. These stones often contain impurities and finding eye-clean stones can be difficult. It ranks 7 on the Mohs scale. Yellow sphene is a very rare gemstone and is quite costly. It is a great collector’s item and is sought after.

Yellow Tourmaline

Known as the Rainbow Gemstone, tourmaline can be found in every color imaginable. Of these, yellow tourmaline is one of the rarest. It’s difficult to come across yellow tourmalines at brick and mortar stores, because not many jeweler’s stock them.

Yellow tourmaline is a very brilliant stone with vivid color. Yellow tourmaline has a hardness rating of 7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale and with regular maintenance, can last long time. Most yellow tourmaline contains visible inclusions. Faceting is popular in order to bring out the brilliance of the stone.

Yellow Zircon

Zircon comes from the Persian word zargun meaning gold color. This is probably because gold is one of the common colors in which zircon is found.

Zircon exhibits a range of yellowish colors from vivid canary yellow to a darker golden-brownish hue. The stone is famous for its brilliance and fire and when faceted into a brilliant cut, the sparkle of this gemstone is beautiful and eye-catching.

Zircon may look very much like a diamond, but it is a much softer stone at 6 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale. It is also a very brittle stone, and is easily damaged or chipped if exposed to hard knocks and rough wear.

As the name zircon sounds very similar to cubic zirconia, the stone has unfortunately often been confused for this cheaper diamond simulant. This has given zircon a bad rep, but for those who know the difference, zircon is a beautiful natural gemstone, comparable to a diamond.

Tiger’s Eye

This is a variety of quartz that is very inexpensive. It is famous for its beautiful golden-brown tones and interesting patterns. Many tiger’s eye gemstones also exhibit chatoyancy, known as the cat’s-eye effect, from which it derives its name.

With a hardness rating of 6.5 to 7, tiger’s eye is good for regular usage. It sometimes displays iridescence and a smooth shiny luster. It is generally cut en cabochon to enhance the chatoyancy effect and to maximize the luster. You can easily find tiger’s-eye to suit any budget.

Golden Beryl

Also called heliodor, derived from the Greek words for ‘gift from the sun’, yellow beryl is a little-known variety from a famous mineral family. Other beryl varieties include the more widely known stones, emerald, morganite and aquamarine. Yellow beryl is more affordable than these gemstones, although it is made of the same stuff.

Yellow beryl has vivid yellow hues and a hardness rating of 7.5 to 8. It also has very good toughness. Most yellow beryl has very high clarity, with little to no visible inclusions. These fantastic gems are an excellent substitute for the more expensive yellow sapphire and looks near identical.

Yellow Garnet

Although the most popular variety of garnet is dark red, these stones come in every color imaginable. There are a few different yellow garnet varieties, including topazolite, Mali garnet and andradite.

Yellow garnets are generally eye-clean stones, with high levels of clarity and transparency. You can find them in all shapes and sizes to suit any budget.

Garnets rank 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale. They are also the birthstone of January and make excellent gifts for January born babies.

Golden Pearl

We tend to associate pearls with the color white, but did you know that there are golden pearls too? These are extremely rare and it is that estimated that golden pearls account for less than 1% of all pearls produced. Because it is so rare, golden pearls tend to fetch very high prices.

Pearls are an organic gemstone and are very soft at 2.5 on the Mohs scale, similar to amber. They have always had a connection to sophistication and class, and always cycle in and out of fashion. Golden pearls come in cream to gold tones and have a touch of iridescence.

Yellow Jade

High quality yellow jade is very rare and considered by some to be more valuable than green jade. You can find yellow jade in jadeite and nephrite varieties, although nephrite is the most valued.

Yellow jade ranges from translucent to opaque varieties and has a smooth, irresistible texture. The beautiful colors range from pale lemon to dark gold with an oily luster. Yellow jade jewellery is eye catching and very beautiful.

When searching for your own piece of yellow jewellery, you will be spoilt for choice!


Take into account your reason for buying the gemstone as this will help you decide on the specifications you require, such as durability. If you’re buying a yellow gemstone engagement ring, then choose a stone with excellent durability. If on the other hand, you want a necklace or pair of earrings, durability doesn’t factor in as much.

Take your search online as you will have lots more options than at brick-and-mortar stores. Most of the gemstones listed above are not generally in high demand, so often, jeweller’s don’t stock these stones.

Compare prices and always check the after-sales policies, in case you have any issues with your item. Don’t forget to purchase from an honest and reputed seller.

And finally, enjoy shopping for your very own yellow gemstone!

What is black gold?

For a long time, when people said black gold, they were colloquially referring to oil. Now, however, there really is such a thing as black gold in the jewellery industry and it is fast increasing in popularity. lets see more about what is black gold.

One reason that black gold is so popular is due to its edgy, unique look. It makes for non-conforming, non-conventional jewellery choices and has an eye-catching, beautiful appearance.  Although there are other types of black metals used for jewellery, black gold comes with its distinct advantages.

In this article, we cover everything you need to know about black gold before you buy.

What is black gold?

The original color of gold is the yellowish hue that everyone associates with the term gold. With new technologies and methods arising, varieties of gold have become popular, including rose, green, white and blue gold.

In the case of black gold, there are a few different ways to create the metal. Let’s take a quick look into what these are, without going into too much technical detail.


To form a black gold alloy, gold is mixed with another metal such as cobalt, usually to the ratio of 3 parts gold to 1 part metal. However, although this is called an alloy it is not really one. The black layer is only on the surface unlike other alloys where the metals are combined.


This is the more common method used for black gold. This is where the gold piece of jewellery is plated with a black finish, usually with black rhodium or ruthenium. The clear disadvantage with electroplating is that over time, the color wears off and replating will be required.

This is also the most affordable option. Rhodium plating is an industry standard and the rhodium gives the gold a shiny, polished surface.

Femto-second laser treated black gold

This recently discovered method involves using a powerful femto-second laser to manipulate the surface structure of the metal with high amounts of focused energy. What results is a metal that is pitch black. This is the most durable of the methods detailed here.

This is, however, an extremely expensive and energy-consuming method at this stage. If, in the future, this method becomes more readily available in the jewellery industry, it would provide a very durable version of black gold.

Is black gold valuable?

This would depend on how much real gold is in your black gold jewellery. The higher the percentage of gold, the more valuable the piece.

The black metals used in the creation of black gold does not add to nor detract from the original worth of the gold.

And as gold does not lose its worth, the value of the black gold will likely remain consistent.

Black Gold vs. Other Popular Black Metals

There are a few different black jewellery options available on the market so how does black gold compare?

Black tungsten is resistant to scratching and maintains its finish for a long time. It is also hypoallergenic and quite affordable. However, tungsten can shatter or break if dealt a hard blow and tungsten rings cannot be resized.

Black ceramic jewellery is known for its ability to maintain its luster forever and has consistent color throughout the ring (meaning that it is not just surface plated). Ceramic is also an affordable option but like tungsten, it too can shatter or crack if knocked or dropped.

Black titanium is extremely durable, lightweight and scratch resistant and is smooth and shiny, somewhat similar to enamel. However, it cannot be resized and its surface can show scuffs and scratches over time. Because titanium is a very strong metal, cutting a titanium ring in an emergency can prove very difficult.

Black carbon fiber is a very strong, extremely durable, heat-resistant and lightweight material. It is not a metal but rather a type of very versatile fabric. Carbon fiber is also very affordable, and is a good choice for jewellery.

As you can see, these options have their pros and cons. Black gold is not as hard, scratch resistant or as durable as some of the above-mentioned materials, but it is more valuable than these due to its gold content.

Black Gold Jewellery

Because black is an uncommon color for jewellery, seeing any black jewellery item will immediately be an attention-grabber. Black jewellery is sleek and bold, and is perfect for any occasion. However, because it isn’t a mainstream jewellery color, finding black gold jewellery can prove to be difficult.

Black gold pendants and earrings will last much longer and require less maintenance than a black gold ring which is subject to exposure. A little black gold goes a long way, so unless you’re looking for statement pieces specifically, small, delicate black gold jewellery is the way to go.

What if I don’t end up liking my black gold jewellery? Because black gold is the result of a surface treatment, you can easily have your black gold replated in another color. For instance, turn your black gold into white gold with a clear rhodium plating. Seen this way, there is little risk in investing in black gold jewellery.

Black Gold Engagement Rings

Black gold engagement rings guide are not for the faint-hearted! They are eye-catching, attention-grabbing and a definite talking point. Not everyone will love a black gold engagement ring because it is very different from what we’re used to.

Black gold ring settings can be paired with any gemstone. For a solid black look, you can pair with a black gemstone, such as black diamonds, black onyx or black moissanite. learn more about semi precious stone

Colorless diamonds give a beautiful contrast to black gold and as we know, black and white are timeless neutral colors that suit any outfit and occasion. This white sapphire black gold ring is proof of that.

If, however, you wish for a stronger contrast and a dash of color, choose a colored gemstone such as amethyst, sapphire or ruby. The black gold setting will only serve to accentuate the beauty of the gemstone.

For men’s engagement rings (yes this is a thing! Did you know that 5% of men wear engagement rings while 67% are open to wearing one?), black gold offers an alternative and trendy option.

 Black Gold Wedding Bands

Black gold is also an excellent color for wedding rings, especially for men. One benefit of black gold as opposed to other black metals such as tungsten and carbon fiber, is that in general it can easily be resized. While resizing black gold often requires replating, it is still a handy option to have.

Before you buy it though, just ensure that this is indeed a style you believe you will love decades down the line. Other popular wedding metals such as yellow or white gold and platinum have lasted the test of time and emerged as timeless classics. Black gold is a new addition to the wedding ring metals, so it is yet to be seen whether this too can stand the test of time and remain as trendy 40 years hence as it is now.

A wedding ring is a lifetime decision, so consider if it is something you will be comfortable with years from now.

Replating Black Gold Jewellery

Because most black gold on the market is plated, over time, this plating tends to wear off. Also, every time the piece is scratched or scuffed, the gold beneath the black plating will show through. This is known as ‘bleeding’.

In order to maintain the color of your black gold, you will need to have the piece replated. Unfortunately, depending on the wear and tear your black gold is exposed to, replating may be required every 6 months to every couple of years.

Taking Care of Black Gold

Avoid rubbing or abrading the black gold, as this can cause it to scratch. When cleaning black gold jewellery, use a non-abrasive jewellery cleaner or a solution of warm soapy water with a soft-bristled brush or cloth to gently.

Take care not to knock or bump black gold jewellery as this can cause the plating to scratch, revealing the gold underneath. As the plating wears off and the item appears faded, have the item replated at a jewelers to regain its shine and luster.

When storing black gold jewellery, place in a cloth bag or lined box, without contact with other jewellery items. This keeps it free from scratches.

Shopping for Black Gold Jewellery

As I mentioned above, black gold is not a common metal, so finding it at physical shops near you can prove to be difficult. If you take your search online, you will have a lot more options.

Always make sure to buy from a reputable retailer. This may seem obvious, but often it can be difficult to tell whether someone is an established retailer. Check reviews, if possible, about the retailer. What are people saying about them? Ask questions prior to purchase and communicate with the seller.

It is also important to check the after sales policies. Are there returns policies, warranty or free maintenance? If purchasing online, check the shipping policies as well in case you decide to return the item.

Zircon Stone Guide

Zircon is a little-known and often misunderstood stone. While not many people know of this gemstone today, zircon used to be highly valued and coveted throughout history for its natural sparkle and attractive features. It is a beautiful natural gemstone, comparable in many ways to diamonds. lets see more about Zircon Stone Guide.

Zircon is the oldest mineral found on earth so far, with some crystals found in Australia estimated to be over 4.4 billion years old!

Zircon Stone Guide

Because of its similarities in appearance to diamonds, zircon was the first natural diamond simulant. It is the only natural gemstone that even comes close to imitating the appearance of a diamond. Unfortunately for zircon, many people confuse zircon with the cheaper, less valuable cubic zirconia, which has given it some bad rep. however, it is a beautiful gemstone in its own right.

If you’re intrigued by this misunderstood stone, keep reading as we cover everything you need to know about zircon.

What is zircon?

Zircon is a natural gemstone. It is composed of zircon silicate and is found in a number of regions around the world, including Sri Lanka, Burma, Cambodia, USA, South Africa and Australia. It has been used in jewellery for centuries and particularly as a diamond simulant.

The word zircon comes from the Persian word ‘zargun’ meaning ‘gold-colored’. However, you can find zircon in a range of colors, caused by various impurities that are present during the formation of the stone. Sometimes zircon can contain traces of uranium, and can be slightly radioactive. In such cases, the zircon undergoes stability treatments to enable them to be used in jewellery. However, don’t let this stop you from adding zircon to your jewellery collection because the miniscule levels of radioactivity found in zircon jewellery pose no health risks for humans.

Zircon has very high sparkle, luster, dispersion and refraction. In other words, it plays excellently with light, making it a brilliant and fiery stone. Zircon also exhibits rainbow flashes of color.

Because the stone has double refraction, it displays excellent fire and may give off the illusion of having double the number of facets that it actually has. This birefringence, however, can also cause the zircon to appear fuzzy.

Evaluating zircon color

While the most popularly used zircon varieties include blue, pink, yellow and colorless, you can find this stone in almost every color.

Colorless zircon is the purest form of the mineral and high quality, diamond-like stones can be very rare. In fact, it is much rarer than diamonds but is considerably less valuable.

Blue is the most valuable zircon variety and among the most sought after. However, natural blue zircon is difficult to come by, so many blue stones on the market have been heat-treated to obtain the signature zircon pastel blue shades.

Of all the zircon colors, green is highly coveted because they happen to be the rarest variety of zircon. It is a collector’s item and is very rare to come by.

Some zircon stones can also display pleochroism. This is the ability of the stone to display two or more colors, depending on the angle at which the stone is viewed. Blue and green are the two commonly exhibited colors, resulting in a teal like color.

Choosing your zircon cut

Because of zircon’s high dispersion and light performance, cutting colorless zircon into a brilliant shape usually maximizes its luster and makes it appear very similar to diamonds. Faceting is another way to enhance the light performance of zircon and you will often find these stones expertly faceted in a number of angles.

Other popular shapes for zircon include emerald step, ovals, rounds, pears, marquises, trilliants and radiants.

Choosing zircon clarity

Zircon generally has very high levels of clarity. Most zircon on the market is eye clean. However, it is a natural gemstone and as such, slight impurities and flaws are common, often visible via magnification.

Most zircon gemstones are transparent or translucent, and has a vitreous luster. Sometimes zircon is heat treated to enhance its transparency. Zircon with higher transparency are more valuable and sought after for jewellery.

Carat weight of zircon

Most zircon gemstones are found in small sizes. Larger stones are rare to come by and can command higher prices.

Interestingly, zircon happens to be one of the densest gemstones of all. What this means is that it will be smaller in size to another gemstone of the same weight, as it is much heavier. If you compare the weight of a zircon and a same-sized diamond, you’ll find that the zircon weighs approximately 50% more than the diamond.

Zircon stone price

Although some varieties of zircon is much rarer than diamonds, the price of these stones are generally much less expensive. This means that you can get an amazing stone for a good price, making zircon a great option for jewellery.

Zircon can cost anywhere around $50 to $400 per carat, depending on the quality factors of the stone. You’ll need to evaluate the stone and ensure that it is worth the asking price.

It is best to compare the zircon prices from different vendors before you buy, to ensure you are getting a good deal.

Zircon vs. Diamonds

As we’ve mentioned a couple of times already, zircon is a famous diamond simulant and is the only naturally occurring gemstone that is so similar in appearance to diamonds. Distinguishing a high-quality, well-cut zircon from a good diamond can be very difficult to do.

The main distinguishing feature between zircons and diamonds is the double refraction that zircon exhibits. Diamonds are singly refractive.

Because zircons are a lot less expensive than diamonds, they make an excellent natural substitute.

Zircon vs. Cubic Zirconia

Most people confuse zircon for cubic zirconia (CZ). This confusion is understandable; after all, both stones closely resemble diamonds and share a very similar sounding name.

Zircon and cubic zirconia are two very different gemstones. Chemically, optically and structurally, zircon and cubic zirconia don’t share any similarities.

Unfortunately for zircon, this confusion with a cheaper diamond substitute has affected its reputation, making it too appear like a cheap diamond alternative. Jewellery Definitions

Here are some of the main differentiating factors between cubic zirconia and zircon:

  • Origin – Zircon is a natural mined gemstone and is over 4.4 billion years old. Natural cubic zirconia, on the other hand, was discovered relatively recently (around the 1930s) and was then synthesized. All CZ found on the market is synthetic, meaning that it is man-made in labs using technology.
  • Structure – Zircon is a composition of zirconium silicate whereas CZ is the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide.
  • Price – While there are many factors that influence the value of a zircon, zircon is more expensive than cubic zirconia, among the cheapest diamond simulants out there. Also, being a natural gemstone, zircon is more valuable.
  • Hardness and durability – Cubic zirconia has a high hardness rating of 8 to 8.5 on the Mohs scale. This makes it a suitable stone for daily usage and able to withstand rough wear and tear. Zircon on the other hand, is a much softer gemstone ranking at around 6 to 7.5. It is a brittle stone and can easily be scratched or chipped if exposed.

CZ is a great option if you want an affordable stone with high wearability. Zircon is more a collector’s choice, a beautiful gemstone to add to your jewellery collection and admire.

Zircon treatments and enhancements

Most zircon on the market is often untreated. However, sometimes heat treatments are used to enhance or change the color of zircon.

Much of the blue zircon found on the market is acquired by heat treating less desirable and more commonly found brown zircon.

You can find synthetic zircon as well, but these are not very common. While it’s a common industry practice to heat treat gemstones, the retailer must disclose this information when selling their gemstones. Always ask prior to purchase whether the stone has been heat treated. Untreated gemstones are considered of higher quality and are almost always more expensive.

Zircon in jewellery

Zircon is beautiful for both men’s and women’s jewellery because it has a range of hues to choose from. Colored zircon adds that perfect pop of color to your outfit and can energize your wardrobe.

Because of its stunning hues and flashes of color, a little zircon can go a long way. If you want a statement look, then choose large zircon jewellery. However, for everyday casual and workwear, a small dainty zircon will be ideal.

Zircon is durable enough for regular wear and because of its relative affordability, makes for excellent jewellery.

For a zircon ring, it is recommended to choose a protective setting such as bezel or flush, in order to prolong the life of the stone. You have to wear it carefully to prevent it from damage (more on this below).

For pendants or earrings, this is less important as these items don’t face as much harsh exposure as rings.

Is a zircon engagement ring a good idea?

Because of its similarity to diamonds, zircons are often chosen as a diamond substitute for engagement rings. However, when choosing a gemstone for an engagement ring, you have to think beyond its appearance.

Is the stone durable enough for daily wear and how will it hold up to daily exposure and rough treatment?

Unfortunately, zircon is a soft gemstone (more on this below) and can easily get damaged and scratched. With careful maintenance a zircon engagement ring can last a long time, but be prepared to give it more attention than a harder gemstone, like diamonds, sapphires or rubies.

Taking care of zircon

Zircon may look very much like a diamond, but it is a much softer stone at 6 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale. Incidentally, 7 is the most important number on the Mohs scale because that is the hardness rating of silica, commonly found in dust particles. This means that a zircon below 7 can be easily scratched by dust.

Zircon is also a very brittle stone, and is  easily damaged or chipped if exposed to hard knocks and rough wear.

It is recommended to avoid using ultrasonic or steam cleaners when cleaning zircon. Instead, use a commercial jewellery cleaner or soap and warm water with a soft brush. Once washed, rinse the zircon stone in clean water and dry it well.

When storing zircon, wrap in a cotton or velvet cloth. This keeps it free from dust and from being scratched by other items.

Zircon is extremely sensitive to sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet light. Avoid exposing your zircon jewellery to these types of light as it can cause the color of the stone to fade or change.

Keep zircon away from chemicals such as harsh detergents, bleach and cosmetics. It is always better to take off zircon jewellery when applying makeup and when doing household or outdoor activities that will expose it to chemicals.

Zircon symbolism and lore

Zircon is the traditional birthstone for December born babies. (December Birthstone Turquoise)

See also: Birthstones by Month

In mediaeval times, people believed that zircon would assist the wearer to sleep. It was also believed to bring wealth, wisdom and knowledge to the owner. It was also believed to assist healing with a range of physical problems, such as blisters, sores and varicose veins.

Today, many people value zircon as a crystal that brings a healing energy and mental, physical and spiritual balance. It is said to promote and foster confidence, compassion and strength. Zircon is seen as a grounding stone, that stimulates your purpose and helps you to reach your goals, and to keep motivated and inspired without losing your focus.

Where to buy zircon

Zircon can cost anywhere around $50 to $400 per carat, depending on the quality factors of the stone. It is best to compare the zircon prices from different vendors before you buy, to ensure you are getting a good deal.

Taking your zircon search online will give you more options, as most brick-and-mortar stores may not have zircon in stock as it is not a commonly known gemstone.

Many beautiful zircon jewellery pieces can be found on artisan stores such as on Gemsfly.com. Ensure that the retailer is reputable and communicates with you effectively and honestly about their jewellery. Ask about any treatments that may have been done on the stone. Your vendor should disclose this information to you honestly.

Zircon vs cubic zirconia

Zircon and cubic zirconia are two vastly different gemstones. Chemically, optically and structurally, zircon and cubic zirconia don’t share any similarities.

This common confusion between the two has been quite unfair on zircon, causing it to plummet in reputation and be considered just a cheap and even ‘fake’ diamond simulant.

Zircon vs cubic zirconia – history and origin

Zircon is the oldest mineral found on earth. It doesn’t get any more historical than that! The oldest zircon crystals discovered, comes from Australia and is estimated to be over a whopping 4.4 billion years old. Zircon is a natural gemstone and while synthetic versions exist, they aren’t very common.

Cubic zirconia, in comparison, is a baby in the mineral world. Natural cubic zirconia was only discovered in the 1930s. However, because natural CZ is so rare, scientists began to work on synthesizing it.

It wasn’t until the 1970s that the process of creating synthetic CZ was perfected, and commercial production began in 1976. While the initial aim was to use the stone for various industrial applications, it was clear that CZ had great jewellery potential.

While zircon is made of zirconium silicate cubic zirconia is made of zirconium oxide. This is where the two stones get their shared name, however, these two gemstone ingredients are quite different.

Zircon vs cubic zirconia – durability

Cubic zirconia ranks at 8 to 8.5 on the Mohs scale and is suitable for daily exposure. It does not easily chip, damage or scratch and is quite a hardy stone.

Over time, CZ may tend to get cloudy so regular cleaning will maintain its shine. Eventually, you may have to have the stone replaced but considering the low cost and the ease with which you can find a new CZ, this shouldn’t be an issue.

Zircon may look very much like a diamond, but it is a much softer stone at 6 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale. 7 is the most important number on the Mohs scale because this is the hardness rating of silica, a main component of dust. If your zircon gemstone has a hardness rating below 7, this means that it is easily scratched, even by dust.

Zircon vs cubic zirconia – color

Zircon is found in a range of colors, with the most popular being blue, pink and yellow. Colorless zircon is its purest form, but is considered the least valuable type of zircon. Green zircon is very valuable and highly coveted, but also extremely rare.

Certain zircon stones can exhibit pleochroism (i.e. shows different colors when viewed in different angles) with common pleochroism colors being blue and green.

Zircon receives its color through the presence of trace elements during formation. Interestingly, some of the elements are radioactive! However, these are treated for stability and to be safe to use in jewellery and are not believed to be harmful. Some zircon is treated to enhance color and transparency. Sometimes a more common zircon variety (usually brown) is treated to display a more desirable color (usually blue).

Zircon vs cubic zirconia – clarity

As mentioned above, because CZ is lab-created the end result can be manipulated. CZ always has excellent clarity and is nearly always flawless. It’s very lack of flaws is a tell-tale sign that it is a man-made gemstone.

Zircon is generally transparent or translucent. It is generally free of impurities and have very good clarity levels. However, some zircon can display a cloudiness. If this is very strong, it can be a disadvantage and devalue the stone.

Nose Rings Guide

While it is a relatively new practice in the West, the custom of wearing nose rings has been around for thousands of years in places such as the Middle East, India and Africa. In fact, piercing the nose is the second most popular type of body piercing after ear piercings. lets see more about Nose Rings Guide.

Nose Rings Guide

In these places, the nose ring holds symbolic significance and is integrated into the culture, whereas in the West, wearing a nose ring can come across as being defiant and against traditional norms and values.

Depending on where you wear it, a nose ring can be seen as a beautiful accessory, a symbol of status, wealth or prestige or even as an act of rebellion.

learn more about : How to Choose a Wedding Ring?

The Origin of Nose Rings

Nose Rings Guide
Nose Rings Guide

The tradition of wearing nose rings can be traced back to 44,000 BC in India, where the Aboriginal people wore crafted bone nose pieces through their nasal septums. They continued this form of adornment until recent times.

However, the practice that influenced the modern nose ring wearing tradition began in the Middle East over 4000 years ago. Even the Old Testament in the Bible references nose rings several times. From here, the custom migrated towards India, where by the 1500s it had become a part of the local way of life.

It wasn’t until the 20th century that nose rings as a form of jewellery came to the Western world. Hippies who visited India in the 60s embraced this practice and brought it back with them to America. Later on, punk and Goth communities also adopted the practice.

Today, nose piercings are becoming mainstream as an increasing number of people take to wearing them. To the West, wearing a nose-ring is often seen as somewhat rebellious. Like many other types of piercing, nose rings are often viewed in a negative light and frowned upon. However, in other parts of the world, the nose ring holds a position of cultural and historical significance.

Clearly, the meaning or significance of the nose ring varies from culture to culture. Here are some of the most commonly accepted meanings for nose rings:

Body Jewellery

Jewellery Symbolism

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How To Clean Jewellery

Nose Rings and Wealth

For some, wearing a nose ring is an expression of wealth, social status and prestige. This is especially true for the Berber people of North Africa. Here, the wealthier and more important the person, the larger the nose ring! As part of the wedding rituals, the Berber groom gives his new wife the nose ring as a symbol of his wealth. Even today, this custom continues.

Nose Rings and Fertility

In India, the nose is seen as correlating to sexual health, fertility and child birth. Accordingly, having the left nostril pierced would result in easing the pain of the menstrual cycle, increasing sexual pleasure and assist with an easier childbirth. The Ayurvedic reasoning behind this is that a woman’s left nostril is connected to her reproductive organs.

Nose Rings and Marriage

Nose rings symbolize marriage in some parts of the world, although this is slowly changing today.

The oldest mention of a nose ring as a wedding gift is in the Bible, where Abraham gifts his daughter in law a gold nose ring on her marriage to his son Isaac. This practice of gifting the bride with a nose ring on her wedding day has continued in many parts of the Middle East, Africa and India.

In these parts of the world, wearing a nose ring often signified that you were married and, just like a wedding ring today, a married woman would hardly ever take off her nose ring.

Modern Meaning of Nose Rings

Although nose rings are still frowned upon by certain sections of Western society, today it has generally become an accepted practice. In the West, a nose piercing is seen as only a fashion accessory and holds little cultural or historical significance.

However, it can sometimes be viewed as an act of rebellion and a statement against conservative values. A reason for this is that nose rings are connected to the hippie, punk and Goth subcultures that adopted this practice in the 60s and 70s.  This connection has somewhat stigmatized the act of wearing a nose ring.

How to Choose a Nose Ring

Even today, wearing a nose ring can be frowned upon as being ‘unprofessional’ and some workplaces will not accept it. However, this view is changing slowly as more and more people get on the nose ring bandwagon, making the nose ring an acceptable accessory in the West.

Today wearing a nose ring is becoming more mainstream and an increasing number of people are opting to get their noses pierced. As with any type of jewellery, a nose ring expresses your personality and the type of ring you choose will say something about you. From pretty and exotic to rebellious and non-conforming, you can choose your style.

If you’re on the fence about whether or not a nose ring is for you, keep reading. We cover everything a beginner needs to know about getting your first nose ring.

What type of piercing should I choose?

Types Of Nose Jewellery
Types Of Nose Jewellery

There are at least 10 different types of nose piercings available to you, from novice to hard-core. Here’s a quick run down of the most popular.

  1. Nostril Piercing

The most traditional and popular form of nose ring is the nostril piercing. Here, you can choose either the left or right nostril based on your preference. The commonly used type of jewellery with a nostril piercing is a stud or a nose ring. This is placed just at or above the groove of the nostril’s curve.


This is the most popular type of nose piercing at the moment because it is versatile and stylish.  The septum piercing is more complicated than a nostril piercing and needs to be performed by a skilled nose piercer. Usually, the piercer will choose the area where there is an absence of cartilage (such as the web os skin where the cartilage and the bottom of the nose meet) so ensure that your piercer knows  his cartilage.

You can choose to go with a simple septum ring, circular barbells, captive bead rings or other elaborate designs. The circular barbell (also called horseshoe) is the most popular. If you have a barbell septum ring, you can easily flip it upwards to hide it, if need be.

  1. High Nostril

The high nostril is a variation of the nostril piercing. Here the nostril is pierced at its highest point, before the bridge of the nose begins. This is a unique and stylish spot for a piercing.

The high nostril is pierced in one of the thickest parts of the nose and is a hard to reach area, so piercing this spot can get complicated.  Choose a skilful piercer for this one.

  1. Bridge Piercing

The Bridge Piercing, also known as the Erl, is done horizontally across the bridge of the nose, and is known as a surface piercing. What this means is that the cartilage or bone of the nose is not punctured.

However, as a surface piercing, the chances of the body rejecting the jewellery are higher. What the body does is to push the foreign body (in this case the jewellery) outwards towards the surface of the skin in an effort to heal. If this happens, it is best to remove the piercing and allow the hole to heal.

Curved and circular barbells are ideal for bridge piercings. It is not recommended to choose a straight barbell as the chance of the body’s rejection are higher.

  1. Rhino Piercing / Vertical Tip

The rhino piercing, also known as the vertical tip piercing, is quite unique and rare. It almost always involves a curved barbell, that runs from the tip to the bottom of your nose. You can choose a straight bar but this can get more complicated.

  1. Nasallang Piercing

Possibly the most involved form of nose piercing, the nasallang passes through both nostrils and the septum. It may seem just like two simple nostril studs, but is actually quite complicated. It is usually done with one sterilized needle in one go, passing through the width of your nose. The nasallang requires symmetry and perfection to look its best, so ensure that your piercer is experienced.

The nasallang is designed to be worn with a straight barbell.

  1. Austin Bar

This piercing has the same concept as the nasallang, except that it does not pass through the septum. Instead, it is a nasal tip that pierces the fleshy point of your nose horizontally. This is quite a rare piercing and is named after the first known person to get the piercing.

A straight barbell is often chosen for the Austin Bar.

Types of Nose Jewellery

A common misconception is that all nose jewellery is a nose ‘ring’. If we’re going to be pedantic about it, we would call it nose jewellery as clearly there are many other types of nose jewellery apart from a ring (this is the same with the term earrings).

Traditional Hoop/Ring

This is the most commonly worn type of nose jewellery. It is designed to be a long, seamless hoop that fits into the hole and is held in place.

Curved Barbells

A curved barbell, also known as banana bars and bent barbells, is a variation of the ring. This is especially perfect for septum piercings and can be threaded through the hole by unscrewing the ball edges.

Captive or fixed bead rings

A captive bead or fixed bead ring is a combination of the traditional ring and the barbell. These are very popular but can be somewhat complicated to remove.

Nose bone

This is a small straight bar that can slide into a nose piercing easily. The beaded edge is what keeps it from sliding out. These are generally much smaller than other types of nose jewellery.

L-Shaped pin

This is a straight post with an L-shaped bend, used to keep the jewellery from sliding out of the piercing. The bend can have an angle from 45 to 90 degrees. The end of the L-bend can be a simple ball, stud or a creative design.

Nostril screw

This is similar to the L-bend but has a curvy tail instead of a bent bar. It holds the jewellery in place by curling around the inside of the nostril. The nostril screw holds firmly and provides extra support to the piece.

Best nose ring to start with

The best nose piercing to start with is the simple nostril piercing. This is less complicated and risky than some of the other types mentioned above and is not intimidating.

The best nose jewellery to start with is the nose ring. This allows you to clean the jewellery as you can turn it to clean all surfaces. It also has room to accommodate any swelling. However, the very fact that it can fully rotate means that bacteria from the outer part of the ring can get to your unhealed skin if you change its position.

If you don’t want your nose ring to be too attention-grabbing at the start, choose a ring with a higher gauge, such as 24 or 26 gauge.

Once you see how you feel about wearing a nose ring, and as you get more confident and comfortable, perhaps you might be interested in taking it up a notch. You can do this by choosing bigger or more interesting types of nostril jewellery, having multiple nostril piercings for layering or trying one of the other more involved types of piercings.

What’s a fake nose ring?

Now if you want the edgy, bold look of a piercing but aren’t quite ready for a full commitment with a piercing, you can try out a fake nose ring. This is perfect to see how you feel about the whole nose ring thing, before you jump in.

Is it safe to wear a nose ring?

Nose rings are generally safe but it can be difficult to heal and complications can arise if the procedure isn’t done well or if there isn’t sufficient aftercare.

This is why it is important to make sure that you receive your piercing from a reputable and experienced piercer.

How to avoid nose ring infections

It is imperative that you take care of the piercing during the healing period which can take around 3 months.

Choose your nose ring metal carefully. Some of the best types for a new piercing are stainless steel, 14k gold or titanium. Plastic, nylon and sterling silver, although hypoallergenic, are unsafe as they can cause infections in a new piercing. Also, silver can permanently tarnish skin that hasn’t healed yet, leaving unsightly stain marks that is impossible to get rid of.

Avoid chemicals and chlorine until the piercing has healed. This means avoiding activities involving swimming in pools or the ocean, water sports and hot tubs. Also, excessive perspiration can irritate and burn the piercing, so always wash away your sweat from the piercing.

During this healing period, it is advised not to remove the piercing as this can cause the hole to close down or get torn, requiring the healing process to start all over again.

When cleaning the piercing, avoid rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide as these can irritate the skin and burn your tissue and slow down healing. These also tend to dry and kill off new cells. A sterile saline solution is generally recommended as the best way to keep the piercing clean.

While a nose ring takes some commitment to maintain, it is a beautiful and trendy way to express your style. It is a big decision however, so take your time and do your research before you commit. Consider if and how it may impact your professional life, and whether it is something you will want to have down the line.

Best Metal for Nose Rings?

Two common issues that people face after a nose piercing are allergies and infections. While there are a range of factors that can contribute to this, one major aspect to consider is the type of metal you choose for your nose ring.

True, there are many nose ring metals out there to choose from. But all nose ring metals aren’t created equal.

Recommended Metals

The following metals are commonly used for nose piercings and are known for generally reducing irritation, infections and discomfort.

Surgical Stainless Steel (SSS)

This is the most commonly used type of metal for nose piercings and is perfect for a fresh or healing piercing. As surgical steel is hypoallergenic, it typically does not irritate the skin. It is also quite affordable.

While there are many types of stainless steel, not all are used in a fresh piercing. 316L and 316LVM are the recommended types of SSS for piercings as they are body implant grade.

Stainless steel contains some nickel so if you are sensitive to nickel this may cause some irritation and discomfort.


Titanium is extremely durable and is also bio-compatible, meaning that it is not harmful for the body. However, ensure that you have chosen implant certified titanium.

Titanium is more durable and lightweight than stainless steel, and contains very little nickel. Another advantage of titanium, is that it is very scratch resistant. All these make titanium a comfortable option and also a worthwhile investment as your jewellery will last a very long time. However, on the flip side, titanium can be quite expensive compared to the other metals listed here.


Niobium is not exactly a metal but an element. It is little-known but is a very good option for a body piercing.

This alternative metal is hypoallergenic and is ideal for someone with metal sensitivities. Niobium sits in between titanium and SSS in terms of price and is a durable, bio-compatible metal for a nose piercing.


Gold is one of the best metal options for a nose piercing because of its hypoallergenic and pure nature.

However, it is imperative to choose real gold such as 14k or 18k. These are varieties of gold that contain gold mixed with some other metals (typically copper) to give the gold strength and make it more suited for jewellery. Gold in its purest form is too soft for jewellery and easily loses shape and wears off.

Types of metals to avoid

The following metals are not recommended for fresh or healing piercings. It’s best to wait until the skin has completely healed before wearing these metals.

Sterling Silver

While sterling silver is known for being a hypoallergenic metal, it is not a good choice for a new piercing. Silver oxidizes and tarnishes when in contact with bodily fluids. This turns the metal black and when this comes into contact with skin, the silver can actually give your skin a permanent black stain. It is impossible to make this stain go away so it is best to avoid silver until your piercing has completely healed.

Plastic and Nylon

Although both plastic and nylon are also hypoallergenic, they tend to be somewhat porous. What this means for you is that they can absorb bodily fluids which can result in infections due to bacteria growth. Also, these types of nose jewellery can tend to stick to the skin.


These types of metals include plated, rolled, vermeil or filled metals. Basically, this is where a base metal, such as copper, zinc or nickel is simply coated with a thin layer of gold (or silver) to make it appear like the real thing.

The trouble with plated metals is that over time, as the plating inevitably wears off, the base metal will come into contact with your skin and can irritate the skin and cause reactions.

Plated metals generally tend to wear off faster when in contact with body fluids, meaning that they discolor and are not very durable. It is best to avoid these in general for nose piercings.

Choosing a metal for your nose piercing will be a factor in making the whole experience a comfortable one. Think of this not as jewellery but as a surgical implant. You wouldn’t choose a cheap, incompatible metal for that so why do that here?

Always go for a bio-compatible and durable metal. It’s best not to skimp but to invest in a high-quality metal as it will save you lots of headaches down the line.

Buddhism Jewellery Guide

Jewellery has more purpose than to just look pretty when we wear it. True, sometimes we wear jewellery to emphasize our appearance or to highlight something beautiful about us, but every now and then, we like to wear jewellery that revolves around a religion, philosophy or concept that matters to us.Buddhism Jewellery Guide.

This is the same for Buddhist jewellery. The term Buddhist jewellery is a non-official way of describing any piece of jewellery that has Buddhist connotations. This can materialize in the form of Buddhist symbols, designs and purpose.

You don’t have to be religious to appreciate Buddhist jewellery. Anyone can wear a necklace with a lotus symbol or a mala bracelet. However, knowing the symbolism behind the jewellery will give more meaning to the piece.

Symbols of Buddhism Used in Jewellery

There are many symbols that are commonly used in necklaces, bracelets and rings to inspire you in leading a better life. Here are some of the most commonplace Buddhist symbols:

The most popular symbol of Buddhism today is that of the Lord Buddha, but this was not always so. Gautama Buddha was a mortal human being and did not want to be worshipped as a god. As a result, the image of the Buddha was not used in the early years of Buddhism as a symbol of the religion.

Wearing the image of the Buddha in jewellery is a way to remind yourself to be inspired by the life of the Buddha and the principles that he stood for – kindness, compassion, peace, moderation and non-violence.

The Buddha is commonly depicted as sitting in deep meditation. Choose from just the head and hands or a whole-body image.

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The Lotus Flower

Lotus Flower Jewellery Symbols
Lotus Flower Jewellery Symbols

The lotus is a popular Buddhist symbol. What makes a lotus so special? It is one of those rare flowers that grow in muddy waters but rises out to bloom in colorful beauty, above the mud in which it is rooted.

The symbolism here is apparent and beautiful, inspired by nature.

The symbol of the lotus reminds us to take the higher road, regardless of what may be happening around us. It is a symbol of mental purity and elevation. On a practical point, it is a reminder to be kind, compassionate, peaceful and loving even though life may be difficult and full of suffering. It is also a symbol of rising above materialism into a more spiritual, philosophical mental state.

Lotus flowers are often found as pendants, bracelet charms or earrings. These are beautifully symmetrical and come in varying designs.

The Dharma Wheel

Dharma Wheel Symbol
Dharma Wheel Symbol

The Dharma Wheel is also called the Dharma chakra and is a central image in Buddhism. It is somewhat similar in appearance to a ship’s wheel.

The Dharma Wheel is full of Buddhist symbolism, representing the Buddha himself, the cycle of Samsara (the never-ending cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth) as well as the principle tenets of his teaching.

The 8 wheels of the Dharma Wheel represent the Noble Eight-fold Path that the Buddha highlighted as the path to follow in leading a virtuous and righteous life.

The Dharma Wheel is a reminder of the basic principles of Buddhism and is a beautiful symbol to wear in jewellery.

The Leaf of the Bodhi Tree (Ficus Religiosa)

Leaf Of The Bodhi Tree
Leaf Of The Bodhi Tree


The Ficus Religiosa is known by a number of different names, including Bo Tree, Bodhi Tree, Peepal Tree and so on. It is considered sacred because it was while sitting beneath a Bodhi tree that the Buddha attained enlightenment.

The Bodhi leaf is an easily recognizable round leaf with a long point at the end, somewhat like a heart. It is a symbol of awakening spiritually and the attainment of wisdom.

It makes for a beautiful pair of earrings, bracelet or pendant.

The Endless Knot

Endless Knot
Endless Knot

Known as the Endless Knot, Eternal Knot and the Tibetan Knot, this pattern is made of a combination of lines and symbols representing the concept that a mind has neither beginning nor end. This representation of eternity reminds us of the eternal nature of time.

One of the main Buddhist concepts is that there is no beginning and no end, and that the mind exists in a continuum of eternity. The Eternal Knot encompasses this concept perfectly.

Why Wear Buddhist Jewellery?

Buddhism does not support materialism and worldliness, so why wear Buddhist jewellery? Is not being attached to a piece of jewellery going against the very essence of Buddhism?

Not really.

It all comes down to why we wear the piece in the first place. For many, wearing a religious symbol acts as a reminder of following the tenets of the religion. With Buddhist jewellery, it helps you to be mindful and to practice mindfulness.

As your piece of jewellery ages and begins to wear and tear, that’s a reminder of impermanence. As it ages, you know that it isn’t as beautiful as it once was and that you will have to replace it eventually. These are facts of life and even a small item of jewellery can symbolize those facts.

The important factor is to not be attached to the piece of jewellery itself but rather to focus on its symbolism.

And if you aren’t a Buddhist, as I mentioned above, these symbolic and beautiful designs can still be respected and cherished.

Sunstone Gemstone Guide

Many of us have heard of the moonstone, but the sunstone gemstone is relatively unknown! The name alone is mysterious and intriguing. Called ‘sunstone’ due to its glittering inclusions and smooth sheen, this feldspar gemstone has been known for several centuries but not commonly used in jewellery. Rather, the sunstone was valued for trading and bartering.

Found in variations of red-brown hues, the sunstone is a beautiful addition to any jewellery collection. You might not know about the sunstone yet, but like many others before you, when you do, we are sure you will love it!

Sunstone Gemstone

  1. What is sunstone?

 Sunstone is a member of the feldspar group of gemstones, which incidentally is the most abundantly found of all minerals. In other words, there’s more feldspar than any other mineral on earth.

Feldspar can be further subdivided into two main categories based on the differences of their chemical composition. If you love technical terms then this is for you:

  1. Potassium feldspar – includes orthoclase (moonstone) and microcline (amazonite) varieties
  2. Plagioclase feldspar – includes labradorite, andesine and oligoclase (sunstone)

Based on its chemical composition, the sunstone belongs to the plagioclase feldspar group.

Sunstone is found in many places around the world but the best known come from India. Other locations include Canada, Madagascar, Russia, Norway and the USA.

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  1. What is aventurescence in sunstone?

When you look at a high quality sunstone, you may see a lively, sparkly glittering coming from within the stone.

This is what is known as aventurescence, also called schiller in the industry. This metallic glitter occurs due to hundreds of tiny, reflective inclusions within the stone. When touched by light, the inclusions act as reflectors, sending the light back out.

The inclusions in sunstone are usually hematite, pyrite, goethite or, in the case of Oregon sunstone, coppe. These impurities are metallic and often flat. As light hits the stone at a certain angle, you can clearly see the glittery reflection coming from within the stone. even if the inclusions are too small to create a proper aventurescent effect, there will still be a sheen due to the copper inclusions.

Not all sunstone varieties have aventurescence, however. It is a quality factor  that adds value to the sunstone.

  1. How do I evaluate the quality of a sunstone?

In determining the value of any precious stone, we always look to the 4Cs – cut, color, clarity and carat.

How to evaluate the color of sunstone

Sunstones are generally found in various shades of red, brown and orange. The most valuable are the darker, richer colors while paler sunstones don’t command high prices.

Although the aventurescent effect of sunstone usually results in a red-brown sheen, there are some varieties that have a green or blue sheen as well.

 Evaluating the clarity of your sunstone

 When it comes to gemstones, inclusions or impurities found within the stone are often seen as flaws and devalues the gemstone. However, when it comes to sunstones, the inclusions is what makes it special.

These sparkling impurities are what causes the stone to look attractive and have the aventurescent effect.

While sunstones are generally opaque to translucent, some of the highest quality sunstone can appear transparent with excellent clarity.

Checking out the cut of sunstone

The most important factor when it comes to sunstones is the cut.

Sunstones have to be cut expertly and carefully in order to maximize the beauty of the inclusions within. This is especially true of Oregon sunstone, as the copper inclusions are typically flat. When the stone is cut expertly, and viewed at a certain angle, light reflects of the impurities, causing them to sparkle.

Most sunstones for jewellery are faceted, to promote the reflection of the inclusions. Some, especially the translucent or opaque stones, are cut en cabochon. You will typically find sunstone cut into rounds, ovals, pears and marquise and not so much in angular cuts.

Some en cabochon sunstones exhibit chatoyancy or asterism. Chatoyancy is known as the ‘cat’s-eye’ effect where the stone reflects light in a line down its center resembling a cat’s eye. Asterism is when the stone reflects lights in a star-like pattern.

How to choose the carat weight of sunstone

Sunstones can be found in many sizes. Because it is an affordable stone, the size does not affect value much. The size you choose depends on your preferences.

Most retailers highlight the width and length of the sunstone, i.e. the size, rather than the carat weight. This gives you an exact measurement of the stone’s size. Remember that carat weight is relative to the density of the stone, so this varies from gemstone to gemstone.

  1. What about enhanced or treated sunstone on the market?

There are currently no known enhancements or treated varieties of sunstone on the market. This means that any sunstone you buy is a naturally mined gemstone.

Note: This is not to say that enhancements or treatments are necessarily bad. Certain gemstones (such as rubies) are almost always treated to improve color and this is an accepted industry practice.

  1. Sunstone value and price

The price of sunstones is affected by factors such as color, clarity and whether or not the stone exhibits quality aventurescence.

One of the best things about this gorgeous gemstone is that it is very affordable, fitting all budgets. However, high quality transparent specimens with excellent aventurescence can be costly and are the most sought after. Of these, sunstones that exhibit bright red hues and also the dichroism or trichroism are the most valuable.

Generally, pale stones retail at about $20 per carat, while the more darker hued stones can cost upwards of $50 per carat.

  1. Sunstones in jewellery

Sunstone lends itself well to most jewellery applications. It’s subdued, quiet coclor makes it a perfect addition for a chic and sophisticated appearance.

Choose your favorite metal

While sunstone looks amazing against any metal color, it is especially beautiful when set in rose or yellow gold. These are perfect companion colors to the reddish hues of the sunstone. White gold and silver can give a more modern and trendier look.

Spinel Gemstone

Is spinel gemstone just a collector’s stone?  The answer is an emphatic no! Spinel makes for a great addition to any jewellery collection and gemstone enthusiast. Read on for all you need to know to buy your own spinel.

What is spinel?

Spinel has been mined since ancient times as a gemstone but it was only relatively recently that it was identified as a stone in its own right. Although spinel has been around for centuries, it was commonly mistaken for corundum. This was because spinel was found in the same mines and also looked very similar to corundum, especially rubies and sapphires.

Only with the rise of modern day gemological technology has spinel been properly identified. Spinel is made of magnesium aluminate, and gains its colors through the presence of chromium and iron.  Its structure is formed in octahedral shaped cubic crystals, similar to diamonds. Today, most spinel come from Burma, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.

Spinel earned itself a bad reputation when it was found that it wasn’t the precious sapphires or rubies that people thought it was. It has been the great imposter in the world of gemstones. Even the famous crown of England contained a large red spinel which at the time was thought to be a ruby. This crown jewel was later nicknamed The Black Prince’s Ruby.

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How to evaluate the spinel gemstone?

Like many gemstones, the value of spinel can be measured through its cut, color, clarity and carat.

Evaluating the color of spinel

Spinel comes in a variety of hues, including black, blue, pastels, pink, orange and brown. However, the most popular and valued colors are red, pink and orange. Red spinel looks strikingly similar to rubies. Interestingly, red spinel is much rarer than rubies, but due to its extreme rarity there is little demand for it and therefore it is not as valuable.

As with any gemstone, spinel with even saturation and intense hue are the most valuable.

Clarity levels of spinel

Spinel with fewer inclusions is more valuable than those with a high amount of impurities. Generally, spinel has high clarity levels and most stones are eye-clean. Some spinel gemstones have very distinct and beautiful inclusions.

Sometimes spinel can contain inclusions of long thin wispy cracks. When cut en cabachon, these impurities can create a star-like effect on the surface of the stone, known as asterism. These are rare and very beautiful.

The cut of spinel

Spinel can be cut into a range of shapes and styles, such as round, oval, cushion and pear. The best way to cut a spinel is by faceting. Because spinel has a high refractive index and dispersion, it is a brilliant and fiery stone. Expert cutting will emphasize these factors and maximize the beauty of the stone.

Because spinel is very rare, most cutters choose the cut and size in order to use as much of the rough as possible. This is why many spinel stones on the market are not cut to standard sizes.

Choosing your carat

Typically, in the gemstone world, the bigger the stone, the higher the value. This is true for spinel as well. Because spinels are already rare in their natural form, it is so difficult to find high quality spinel in sizes larger than 1 carat. The price of spinel rises significantly with the increase in size.

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Jewellery Definitions

Is spinel valuable?

It is an interesting fact in the jewellery world that sometimes, the rarer the gemstone, the lower the value. Because spinel is found in such limited quantities, it is not a popular stone for jewellery. Even though it’s as good as a ruby or sapphire in beauty and durability, spinel can sell for up to 60% less.

Imitations and Synthetic Spinel

One of the best things about spinel is that it is never treated or enhanced. Any mined spinel you buy on the market holds its natural color and stability.

Although there are no spinel treatments, scientists have been able to replicate spinel in labs, introducing synthetic spinel to the market. Synthetic doesn’t mean fake. It has the same chemical, physical and optical properties as natural spinel, with the only difference being that it is lab-created.

Synthetic spinel is very affordable and easily found. Just ensure that you know the origin of your spinel to avoid paying high prices for a synthetic stone.

Red spinel vs ruby

As we’ve mentioned a few times already, red spinel is strikingly similar to ruby. They have similarities in density, luster and even chemical composition as both stones receive their red hue from the presence of chromium.

Here are a few ways to distinguish the two:

  • Rubies are doubly refractive while spinel is singly refractive. If you hold spinel up towards a source of light and look for the refraction within the stone, you will see a single ray of light. If it is a ruby, there will be two rays of light. Because spinel is singly refractive, it tends to have a purer and more vivid red hue when compared to rubies.
  • Because rubies are an extremely expensive gemstone, most rubies on the market are heated and enhanced. This is a standard industry practice for rubies. Spinel never undergoes treatment.
  • Rubies are much more expensive than spinel. Typically, a spinel gemstone can retail for up to 60% less than a ruby.
  • Rubies contain distinct cleavage and are prone to cracking and chipping. Spinel does not contain any cleavage.


Choosing spinel jewellery

Spinel is a good choice for jewellery because it holds up well to rough wear. Most spinel jewellery on the market is small and dainty; it is difficult to find large statement pieces made of natural spinel.

Spinel earrings

If you’re into minimalist designs and looking for an everyday piece, consider choosing simple spinel stud earrings. These are elegant and stylish and pair well with every outfit.

For a dressier look, choose dangle or drop earrings. These add a touch of class to your outfit and immediately dresses up your look!

Spinel pendants and necklaces

A small classy spinel pendant can be an every day piece for casual and work wear. It ads a touch of neutral elegance to your overall look and fits with any outfit.

Taking care of spinel

Spinel ranks 8 on the Mohs scale, making it quite a hard and durable gemstone.  Spinel does not handle heat well which can cause the color to fade, so keep your spinel jewellery away from heat sources.

To maintain the shine and luster of spinel, wash it when needed using soap and warm water. Once washed, make sure the soap is rinsed off and the stone is dried thoroughly. It is not recommended that you use ultrasonic cleaners as these can damage a spinel, especially if it contains inclusions.

When storing spinel, wrap it in a cotton or velvet cloth. This keeps it free from dust and from being scratched by other items. It can get scratched by harder items such as diamonds and sapphires, if stored together.

Keep spinel (and any gemstone) away from chemicals such as harsh detergents, bleach and cosmetics. It is always better to take off any gemstone jewellery when handling chemicals or engaging in outdoor/physical activities.

The symbolism and meanings of spinel

Spinel is a popular stone in crystal healing. It is believed to foster your positive qualities. It is often associated with internal struggle and psychological trauma. Different spinel colors are believed to have different meanings and heal different mental struggles. Spinel is especially connected to renewal of energy.

The most popular spinel color, red, is believed to give you strength and courage to face your fears. On the other hand, blue spinel is thought to be useful in improving communication.

Where and how to buy spinel?

Bearing in mind that this is a rare gemstone, you can find spinel at brick-and-mortar stores, but you are bound to have more options if you take your search online.

Always make sure you purchase from a reputable vendor to avoid being ripped off. Ask about the origin of the stone, which should be disclosed to you. Also check the after sales policies just in case you aren’t quite satisfied with your purchase.

How to Choose a Wedding Ring?

There’s so much talk about How to Choose a Wedding Ring engagement rings that sometimes, wedding rings don’t seem to get the attention that they deserve. After all, a wedding ring will be worn every single day for the rest of your life! It signifies the greatest commitment that you have made and is a enduring visible symbol of your marriage.

Throughout history, wedding rings have symbolised love, loyalty and faithfulness. This tradition springs from ancient times and is widely found in almost every culture. Wedding rings are often considered a sacred piece of jewellery that is highly valued.

When buying a wedding ring, the approach is quite different to an engagement ring. Most couples buy their wedding ring together and there is no element of surprise attached to this. It is a sensible, practical decision that is made by both parties. What’s more, often it is the most important piece of jewellery that you both will buy together and is an exhibition of your love, style, personality and values.

How To Pick a Wedding Ring?

  1. Start early

Many couples make the mistake of waiting too late to purchase their wedding rings. They overlook production times and don’t give themselves enough time to have their ring completed.

Generally, allow about a 3-4 weeks to have your rings sized and ready.If you are having your wedding rings custom made, allow even more time. Certain styles can take longer, and retailers may require about 3-6 weeks to custom make your wedding bands.

The recommended time to begin the search is about 6 months before the wedding to ensure that you aren’t under pressure or rushed. If you leave it till the last minute, you might not have time to get that perfect ring and will have to make do with second best.

  1. Choose your budget

Choosing your budget at the start can help you decide on your rings and not get side-tracked when shopping. It is generally recommended to set aside about 3% to 5% of your total wedding budget for your wedding rings.

To make your budget stretch, you can play around with the ring metal and styles. For example, choose a half eternity rather than a full eternity band as it will cost less yet won’t make a big difference to the appearance of your ring. Another example would be to choose white gold over platinum, as they both look very similar but white gold is more affordable.

Body Jewellery

Jewellery Definitions

  1. Consider your lifestyle

While this may seem like an obvious point, many people forget to remember that the wedding ring they choose should suit their lifestyle. Considering that this is a piece of jewellery that you will wear every day for a lifetime, it is very important that it fits your lifestyle to ensure that it lasts a lifetime.

The ring you buy should be stylish but also practical. For example, if you have a very active, outdoorsy lifestyle or are exposed to lots of chemicals, your ring should be tough enough to withstand that sort of exposure. Take this into consideration when deciding on your metal and style and make sure you check this with your jeweler before you buy.

  1. Choose your metal

The typical metal for wedding rings has been gold, although today you can purchase your ring in a variety of different metals. For a matched look, it is a good idea for the bride and groom to choose the same metal. While the styles can be different, having the same metal gives the two rings a subtle yet beautiful connection.

Having said that, some brides and grooms prefer different metals to suit their tastes. For example, rose gold is a feminine soft color and is perfect for a bride, whereas the groom might wish for something sturdier and more masculine. This is totally fine as well.

  1. Choose your style

There are so many wedding ring styles available on the market that choosing one can be overwhelming! However, most wedding rings fall into two categories: Traditional or modern.

  1. To match or not to match?

When it comes to matching, there are two aspects to consider:

  • Firstly, do you want your wedding ring to match your partner’s? Although traditionally matching or complementary wedding bands were worn by the bride and groom, there is no hard and fast rule regarding this. A connection between the two rings is always a nice touch, and this can be achieved in other ways. For example, a heart-felt engraving could be a personal touch between the two of you even though the outward appearance of the rings doesn’t match.
  • The other aspect is whether you wish to match the wedding ring with the engagement ring. Again, there is no rule for this. However, the two rings should look good together and complement each other. Experts say that having the same metal is a crucial way of achieving this unified look, but it depends on whether this look is what you are after.
  1. How and where to shop?

Shopping for wedding rings can take time, because there are two people involved. The best way to go about this is to first be familiar with the various styles, metals and designs available to you on the market.

Grab a cup of hot chocolate, cozy up and together browse through the endless online wedding ring options! Narrow down your choices as you discuss what you like and don’t like. You can then decide whether to purchase from a brick-and-mortar store or buy online.

But you won’t have the advantage of actually trying on the ring to see how you feel about it. One way to get around this is to check at a physical store, decide on your preferences and ring size and then take that search online.

Choker Necklace Guide

There are some trends which we can’t wait to make a comeback and the choker necklace is back and much more sophisticated than ever. It was the hottest jewellery item for 2016 and 2017 plus it is set to still be huge in 2019, with every blogger, celebrity and girl next door wearing one whether she’s bought it or made one.

Mention a choker necklace to most people and they’ll tell you about how popular they were in the 90s.

Choker Necklace Guide

Choker necklaces have been around for hundreds of years and, if you look carefully, they come in a new guise every decade. A quick search on the Boston Museum of Fine Arts will bring up a simple choker necklace that’s dated between 2400-1500 BC!

What do choker necklaces mean?

This might seem like a strange question, but many people often ask what a choker necklace means and if there is some symbolism in wearing a choker.

While the new generation of choker necklaces are more daring and sleeker than ever before, this jewellery trend seems to have been revived with controversial opinion surrounding them. Some consider the choker necklace to be a bit “too” sexy and that wearing one sends a promiscuous message.

Why do some associate this meaning when choker necklaces have been around for so long and what do choker necklaces actually mean?

The shocking and yet obvious answer is a choker necklace is simply a pretty necklace. They are usually fitted close to the neck and are a cute way to show off a slender neck. The meaning of a choker necklace is no different from a pendant necklace or any other piece of jewellery that you adorn yourself with. Nothing more and nothing less.

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Does this mean that choker necklaces are bad?

And should I not wear a choker necklace? No! In fact, the history of this necklace is a long and varied one. Yes, they have been linked to the idea of promiscuity but they’ve also been worn by royalty, celebrities, ballerinas and political activists.

In the nineties choker necklaces were worn on the red carpet and by the mainstream, much as they are today, but they were also favored by alternative sub cultures. This resurrected the idea that chokers were worn for a sexual aspect rather than just for fashion. With the way the Internet reacts to trends it was unavoidable that the idea that a choker necklace equals submissive/provocative ideas would have been turned into a meme.

If you’re still asking yourself “Should I wear a choker necklace?” then compare them to so many other articles of clothing and jewellery that you wouldn’t bat an eye lid at wearing. Red lipstick, miniskirts, leopard print, fish nets, high heels, body con dresses and anklets. Any thoughts on these everyday wardrobe pieces? Well, you may not wear all these in the same outfit but if you do that’s your choice and no one else should weigh in on that.

How to properly wear a choker necklace

There is no secret way or formula to wearing a choker necklace but there are some good tips to follow. When properly styled a choker necklace is appropriate for all ages and can be worn day or night to any occasion. Follow our simple guide for styling a choker necklace whether you’re just starting out on this jewellery journey or you’re a seasoned veteran looking out for what’s going to be the latest thing in 2018.

Choker tip 1 – Smaller earrings complement chokers

The top tip that’s always best to follow is keep your earrings on the smaller side when you wear a choker. As your neck is an extension of your face, really large earrings are likely to touch a choker necklace.

This is not to say that you can’t wear multiple earrings or something with high impact but large statement earrings may detract from the choker and frame your face in quite a boxy way. So when choosing earrings to go with your choker, make sure it isn’t overkill!

Choker tip 2 – Factor in your neckline 

Another thing to consider when properly styling a choker necklace is the neckline you’re going to wear with it. A crew neck line in a matching color is a discreet way to pair your choker to your outfit.

An obvious example of this is a black velvet choker with a simple black t-shirt. This will look like an extension of your top and appear much more understated.

Choker tip 3 – Layer your chokers

Layering lots of simple thin chokers is a great way to elevate any outfit. Chose a metal color and then an accent color to make a detailed and well thought out neck party ensemble. A good rule of thumb to follow for properly styling a choker necklace is wearing thinner ones in the day and layering them up. If you’re heading out in the evening choose a single thicker choker in a midnight blue or red for something a little more interesting than plain black.

For a more unusual layered look, pair your choker with a lariat necklace. What’s a lariat necklace you ask? It’s a necklace which has no clasp and you tie a knot with the jewellery itself. Lariat also means lasso to give you an image of how these necklaces appear. Part of the necklace drapes down to give a pendant illusion. Lariat necklaces can be worn in a choker fashion with a tighter knot and a longer chain. If you’re off to a sophisticated formal do, you can wear a lariat necklace back to front so that the long part trails down your back.

Wear a layered choker, lariat and choker combination with a backless dress or top for a head turning combination.

The best chokers for your style

The best chokers for beginners are simple ones that can be layered subtly and aren’t too showy or obvious. If you want to start out with something classic there is nothing that compares to the simple velvet choker.

The best part?

You can make your own or easily find at almost any accessories store at a very low price.

If, however, you already think this style is over worn then check out some of the trendiest choker styles out there.

Choker style 1 – Easy layered chains

Go for simple layered chains. For example, check out this handmade multi layered chain choker from Vanessa Mooney which is a great starter choker necklace. The three layers are two chains and a woven leather which are joined by one clasp. This three in one necklace means you can pop this on without having to arrange the chains or buy multiple necklaces to achieve the look.

Choker style 2 – try a bandana choker

If you jumped on the choker trend early, its likely you’ve already tried some simple chains or a velvet choker. If so, a choker such as this Steve Madden necklace would be perfect for you. The material and metal combination elevates the classic bandanna with its floral print neckerchief.

Choker style 3 – drape it up

If you’re looking to take this trend to the next level then you must simply check out this choker from Annelise Michelson. It is an absolute showstopper. This choker is unlike anything that you’ll see in another shop window or online. Wear over a simple high neck top to draw all the attention to this unbelievably cool necklace.

Choker necklace trends

What started as a revivalist trend has evolved into entirely its own thing. Choker trends are more varied than ever before. See our favorite trends below, from nineties throwbacks to glamorous eveningwear, there’s a trend to suit every neck and you’ll be living the #chokerlife before you know it.

Nineties – the good old days – The tattoo and the gothic velvet chokers

These nostalgic favorites are fun and great to wear whilst it’s summer. The nineties choker is usually 1-2cm thick and is perfect for every day wear due to their casual nature. This also makes them perfect to pack for a festival or holiday get away. The two that always come to mind are the classic gothic velvet choker attached with a charm and the tattoo necklace we all wanted.

Choose a colorful velvet choker to match your outfit or alternatively opt for a thicker one for an evening do. The original tattoo necklace is a subtle way to add an edgy twist to everyday casual outfits and perfect for weekend wearing.

Ribbons and Bows

Speaking of nineties trends, ribbons and bows are the next step on from the nineties choker trends. Delicate and very feminine and a nod to the ballerinas that popularized the choker, this style of choker is another example where you can make your own version.

The ribbon can be thicker and mimic the look of a velvet choker. Alternatively a thin ribbon tied in a bow is a cute and sweet way to embrace this trend. Choose a wrap style bow to add just enough edgy contrast to this soft feminine look.

Chunky Chains

Sometimes you’ve got to go big or go home and these chunky chains are for the maximalists among you. Layered jewellery is so easy to wear but a chunky chain is a refreshing change from the minimalist jewellery that’s so popular now. The all metal and no frills gives a clean finish to these choker necklaces which is ideal for the maximalist craving something different.


This is tipped to be the next big choker trend in 2018. Chokers have been predominantly worn in the day but now, as they are becoming jewellery box staples, choker fans are looking for something they can wear in the evening.

Enter the embellished and crystal encrusted choker necklace. A glitzy choker necklace drenched in crystals or diamonds is an elegant way to play up this trend. Wear your crystal choker with a simple straight down evening dress to give you the wow factor at any glamorous occasion.

Now you know about the symbolism and meaning behind the choker necklace (plus a sneak peak at what trend is going to be huge in 2018), there’s nothing to hold you back from embracing the choker necklace.

These necklaces are sleek and super stylish and without a doubt they will always come back into fashion. So maybe the next time you reach for that pendant necklace, stop and try swapping it for a choker instead.

The Trend of Stacking Bracelets

The trend of stacking bracelets has been ‘in’ for a while and is still going strong. The reason I love stacking bracelets is because you can really flaunt your personality. It doesn’t matter what kind of personality you have, edgy and glamorous or bohemian, there is a way to express yourself this way.

One reason stacking bracelets is so popular may be because these days our hands draw attention more than before due to the use of devices such as smartphones. This trend isn’t  going away any time soon so mastering this style, if you haven’t already, is bound to come in handy.

There are a couple of rules and no-nos regarding stacking bracelets, and once you get these down pat, you’ll be stacking like a professional!

First things first – what is stacking a bracelet?

This is the art of wearing a number of different bracelets together, also known as layering. Most people prefer to take their favorite bracelet and wear it with a variety of others, mixing colors and styles. When these different bracelets blend together, they produce a unique and bold look that you cannot get with just an individual bracelet.

When we say bracelets, we also mean watches, Fitbits or even allergy bracelets! Pretty much anything that you wear around your wrist. Not only do you get to jazz up pieces that you have to wear everyday (like a fitness band) but you can also revamp an old piece by layering it.

Say you’re tired of an old watch that you have. Instead of throwing it away, give the old watch a new look by stacking it with some trendy bracelets and suddenly, it has new life!

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Chain Designs and Chain Types

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What can I stack?

It’s handy to know what type of bracelets are available on the market so you can make the most of them. Let me give a brief one line introduction to what kind of bracelets are commonly available.

  • Charm bracelets: These are often a metal bracelet with symbolic charms attached to it.
  • Bangle Bracelets: Bangles are solid circular bracelets that can slip over the hand and do not have a clasp.
  • Cuff Bracelets: Wide metal bracelets that have an opening which you slip over your wrist.
  • Tennis Bracelets: Simple wristband comprised of a row of crystals.
  • Pearl Bracelets: Trendy round, off-round and baroque shaped metal bracelets with pearls.
  • Gemstone Bracelet:Most commonly metal bracelets with precious gemstones.
  • Leather Bracelets: Leather is used as an alternative to metals for lightweight and style.
  • Beaded Bracelets: Made from a series of linked beads.
  • Crystal bracelets: Made of various crystals beaded together.
  • Magnetic bracelets: Metal bracelets that have a magnetic force to better fit the wrist.

Get stacking!

There are two main ways to go about it. You can choose to go with one attention-grabbing statement piece combined with complimentary pieces, or go the other way and just wear a number of equally eye-catching pieces. Both ways will be perfect as long as you do it with flare!

If you’re just starting out with stacking, keep it simple. You could try mixing a few different bracelets that have some common traits, such as color. Perhaps a rose gold cuff with a couple of rose gold bangles and a rose gold bracelet or two.

Or choose matching colors that go perfectly together, like rose gold and navy. So maybe a rose gold cuff with navy leather bracelets and a couple of navy and rose gold tennis bracelets. Using complimentary shades will really boost the look.

As you get more comfortable, start mixing them up. Try different textures, colors and shapes. Look for clean cuts and geometric shapes– circles, pyramids, triangles – to add some edge to your stack. Pair beaded, cuffs and chains together. When thinking of stacking you won’t like the concept of matching things all the time. Try new combinations if you are satisfied. Who says you have to follow the norm, right? As long as it’s done with style!

Color pairing inspiration:

  • Clothing: A shirt or outfit with lots of colors on it gives you an idea of how colors work together. Browse the racks for a patterned shirt with an attractive color scheme. Snap a photo or make note of the colors found in the pattern. If you already have an outfit in mind, pull colors from the design to select bracelets.
  • Nature: If you look around, you’ll see all sorts of colors in nature. Even in the city, you can find colors in architecture that work well together.
  • Mood boards: You can find mood boards online to see how colors work together. Mood boards feature a collection of different colors, textures and other items that create a certain look or feel. Note the colors in mood boards that appeal to you for help in choosing your bracelets.
  • Jewellery: A multicolored bracelet is a perfect way to choose colors. Choose hues from the multicolored bracelet to choose the accent pieces.

Trial and error: Sometimes you can figure out the best color combinations as you go simply by trying out different bracelets together. If you like the way two colors look together, go for it.

Stacking bracelets with a watch

Most of us love watches and bracelets equally. It can get annoying when you feel you have to choose one or the other. I used to be told that the best way was to wear the bracelet/bangle on one hand and the watch on the other.

But if you stack them up together, making sure they are of complimentary colors and materials, a watch and bracelet stack is elegant and trendy! It can immediately upgrade your outfit and will match the office or a night out.

How much is too much?

It’s not about the number of bracelets you put on, it’s about achieving a winning combination. For the best look, try about one third to half of your forearm. If you add more than that, the whole look may seem overdone. It can be done, of course, but will require more skill to pull off.

If you wear bracelets on both your arms, it is best to keep the number of bracelets at a minimum, layering a quarter or a third of each hand.

If you have longer arms you can wear thicker bracelets and cuffs, but if you have petite arms, try wearing thinner bracelets. It will look better and will create the illusion of longer arms.

Comfort matters

If you type a lot for work, bracelets clanging against your keyboard is annoying and keeps you from being productive! Try wearing delicate combinations, such as fabric, leather or thin metal bracelets to keep the comfort level to the maximum. If you are right-handed, wear stacked bracelets on the left arm and vice versa.


The secret of stacking a bracelet is only known by you; you are the one who will decide what suits you. You can go as classical as you like or as wild as possible if that is what makes you satisfied. The best part of stacking bracelets is there are no rules and regulations, just do it the way you like, with any type of bracelet you are comfortable with.

Everything about Swarovski Crystal

Who is Swarovski?

Daniel Swarovski, formerly David Swartz, was the son of a glass cutter in Bohemia, where he became skilled in the art of class-cutting.  In 1892, he invented and patented a revolutionary electric cutting machine, using hydro-electricity,  that was used in the production of crystal glass.  This allowed crystals to be cut more precisely than by hand. Swarovski is now a fifth generation family-owned business with over 25,000 employees.

Swarovski has two major businesses: 1) producing and selling loose elements to the industry, and 2) creating precision-cut crystals for jewellery, figurines, and home decor.   In 1956, together with Christian Dior, Swarovski developed the “Aurora Borealis” effect, which gives a shimmering rainbow sparkle to the crystals.  In 1977, Swarovski launched their own jewellery collection including watches. Swarovski crystals are seen in the fashions of top designers, including D&G, Chanel, and Louis Vuitton with their crystals and crystal mesh fabric adorning many fabulous creations.

In 1995, Swarovski opened a museum in Austria showcasing  the extensive Swarovski collection

Swarovski created the 9′ diameter, 550 pound star that sits on top of the famous Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree in New York City  every year  since 2004.

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What is Swarovski Crystal?

Swarovski crystals are man-made gems manufactured in Austria. In 1892, Daniel Swarovski invented a machine for making precision-cut, beautiful, high quality lead glass crystals using quartz, sand, and minerals.  The exact proportions of these raw materials has remained a company secret.   This specialized manufacturing process ensures the highest possible degree of precision which produces brilliant crystals.  For five generations, the Swarovski family has continued the tradition of making the most recognized crystals in the world out of their factory in Wattens, Austria.

Are Swarovski Silver Crystals made of real silver?

The Swarovski silver crystal line was created by a Swarovski craftsman who was able to capture a silvery shine in the facets of the lead glass crystals. Swarovski Silver Crystals are made using a combination of natural minerals and quartz sand. The crystals are then slowly cooled, which helps avoid stress and imperfections. Swarovski silver crystals have a spectral brilliance that gives them their unique silver color, giving the impression that they are made of real precious metal.

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Why are Swarovski crystals more expensive than glass?

The method of production and processing of raw resources are important factors in the quality of finished crystals. Swarovski uses only the finest materials to fashion faceted lead glass that is known around the world for its brilliance and value. Superior production, materials, cutting, and polishing are what set Swarovski crystals apart from other glass works. According to Swarovski, “Cutting hard materials such as crystal and gems, in such a way that they have a hundred identical facets in several directions, is a very complicated task; each direction of the reflected light must first be calculated by computer, then this has to be simulated in 3D, optimized and finally converted into control programs for complex machinery.”

How are Swarovski crystals used for jewellery?

Swarovski crystals are used in all aspects of jewellery making. Seasonal collections are introduced each year and typically include Swarovski crystals used in combination with precious and semi-precious gems, and metals plated with gold or silver. Swarovski has extensive jewellery lines for both men and women, which include necklaces, bracelets, rings, pins, earrings, and watches. The crystal maker has a wide array of charms from which buyers can choose to make necklaces, bracelets, brooches, and cell phone or bag charms.

What is Swarovski Elements?

Swarovski Elements is the brand name for the loose precision-cut Swarovski crystals used by the fashion, jewellery, and accessories industries.  Genuine Swarovski crystals are used in products designed and made by other manufacturers.  The “Made with Swarovski Elements” label on the products certifies that the piece was made with authentic Swarovski crystals.

How should Swarovski crystal jewellery be cared for?

Swarovski crystal jewellery should be treated the same as fine jewellery. Avoid exposing the crystals to water, chemicals, or harsh treatment from work or sports. Always remove Swarovski crystal jewellery prior to swimming and after applying makeup and lotions to skin. Mild soap, water, and a soft cloth should be used for cleaning and polishing Swarovski jewellery. When possible, store Swarovski crystal jewellery in its original packaging. If the original packaging is not available, store pieces in tissue paper or a soft cloth to guard against loosening the crystals or scratching any metal.

How can you tell if a Swarovski crystal is real?

There are several ways to tell if a Swarovski crystal is real or if it is an imitation. While some factors can be determined by just looking at the crystal and its packaging, other factors require looking at the crystal through a jeweler’s glass to see the fine details of the crystal.

  1. There should be no bubbles inside the crystal.
  2. Swarovski crystals have a  brilliant shine that is far superior to the shine of an imitation crystal.
  3. Each Swarovski crystal is identical in size and cut since it is machine-made.
  4. Crystals of the same color family are identical.
  5. Scratches on the surface of the crystal or an oily sheen is indicative of an imitation crystal.
  6. Purchasing Swarovski crystals from an authorized retailer insures its authenticity.  Packaging should be in a genuine Swarovski box.
  7. Swarovski crystals are sold as loose stones and not stringed together, except for Swarovski pearls.
  8. All facets of the Swarovski crystal meet and point upwards.

What is the Swarovski logo?

Swarovski Logo
Swarovski Logo


Since 1989, all genuine Swarovski products feature the Swarovski logo, though it may be impossible to detect due to the placement of the crystal in the finished piece.  From 1976 to 1988 the Swarovski logo was a square C with an S inside.  From 1989 to the present, the Swarovski logo is a swan.

Jewellery Symbolism

Here are the few jewellery symbolism which is very powerful. Once must used it any forms of jewellery to attain success and luck. lets check out below in more detail

Jewellery Symbolism

What is the hamsa meaning?

Hamsa Hand Jewellery Symbolism
Hamsa Hand Jewellery Symbolism

The Hamsa Hand is an ancient Middle Eastern amulet symbolizing the Hand of God. In all faiths it is a protective sign. It brings its owner happiness, luck, health, and good fortune.

The hamsa hand has a wide variety of different spellings which includes hamesh, hamsa, chamsa, and khamsa.  It is also identified as the Hand of Miriam, Aaron and Moses’s sister, and the Hand of Fatima.  The hamsa hand has two main styles.  One style is shaped like a regular hand, and the other has two symmetrical thumbs.  The second of the two styles is the most popular.  The wearer of the hamsa hand can wear it facing up or down and it is believed to give the owner success, harmony, and protection from the “Ayin Ha’ra,” also known as The Evil Eye.

The hamsa hand meaning has a variety of interpretations, depending on the culture.  The word, “hamsa,” derives its name from the five fingers on the hand. In Hebrew, the number five is “hamesh” and the fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is “Hey,” one of God’s holy names. “Hamesh” is representative of the five books of the Torah. In Judaism, it is also interpreted to be the Hand of Miriam, and symbolic of the owner’s five senses in an effort to praise God.

In Arabic, it is “khamesh.” In the Sunni culture, the hamsa is associated with the Five Pillars of Islam.  For the Shi’tes, it symbolizes the Five People of the Cloak.  In the Islamic faith, it symbolizes as The Hand of Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed.

The hamsa hand sometimes includes an evil eye symbol, which is thought to protect against the evil eye.  It is often worn as a pendant on a necklace (Body Jewellery)but also is found on key chains, house decorations, baby carriages, and other jewellery items. also check: Birthstones by Month

What is the evil eye meaning?

Evil Eye Jewellery Symbolism
Evil Eye Jewellery Symbolism

The Evil Eye is one of the strongest symbolic images in the world. The evil eye meaning dates back almost 3,000 years to ancient Greece and Rome. Wearing an evil eye as an amulet is believed to provide protection against evil forces. The evil eye meaning has symbolism in almost every country in the world and in every religion, such as Judaism, Islam, Hindu, Buddhism, and Christianity.

The evil eye is a look given to inflict harm, suffering, or some form of bad luck on the person that it is cast upon. Giving someone “the evil eye” is a look which clearly states that one intends for something bad to happen to the other person, either out of jealousy or pure malice. It is believed by many cultures that the look is powerful enough to bring about actual disaster for the unfortunate person that is the receiver of the glare.

In many cultures, excessive praise or receiving admiration beyond what is truly deserved can bring upon the scorn of the evil eye, which was believed to cause physical and mental illness. Ashkenazi Jews believe that excessive praise causes a vulnerability to the evil eye, and will repeat a Yiddish phrase, “Keyn aynhoreh!” meaning “no evil eye” in order to protect against it.

The evil eye is a popular trend in jewellery today and can be seen on many celebrities as a stylish jewellery statement.

What is the Tree of Life meaning?

Tree Of Life Jewellery Symbolism
Tree Of Life Jewellery Symbolism


The Tree of Life is a many-branched tree that represents the interconnectedness of all life on our planet. It is a motif that is present in various religions, mythologies, and philosophies. The Tree of Life illustrates that idea that all life on earth is related and we all have the same beginnings. With beauty and diversity, we are all leaves on the same Tree




What is the cross definition?

Cross Jewellery Symbolism
Cross Jewellery Symbolism

The cross is a symbol that is central to Christianity. Wearing a cross or hanging a cross in the home is believed to protect you from the winds of misfortune. Jesus Christ was crucified upon the cross and it is believed that Jesus’ own life was taken to make up for all of the past, present and future sins of followers and non-believers. Jesus bore his followers sins upon the cross and died in their place so they could be reconciled to God and receive eternal life. The cross also symbolizes Jesus’ salvation to the world where his life was taken and then he rose days later to show that He was the Son of God.

There are also many other meanings of the cross especially found in Western Culture. It is believed that all four physical elements (fire, water, air, earth) make up the cross. Lastly, it is believed to symbolize directional symbols as well (north, south, west, and east).

What is the Star of David meaning?

Star Of David Jewellery Symbolism
Star Of David Jewellery Symbolism

The Star of David  has been associated with the Jewish people for centuries. A stone arch bearing the Star of David in a synagogue in the Galilee dates back to the 3rd century. The symbol was first seen in writing in a 12th century work. A Siddur dated 1512 from Prague has the phrase, “..He will merit to bestow a bountiful gift on anyone who graphs the Shield of David.” The Star of David can be found on the tombstones of religious Jews in Europe since the 18th century. It was chosen as the emblem for the Zionist movement in 1897 and is the symbol on the flag for the State of Israel.

The Star of David, which is called the Magen David in Hebrew, means “Shield of David.” This six sided figure symbolizes that God rules over the universe and protects us from all six directions: North, South, East, West, Up and Down, with the middle of the hexagram providing the spiritual dimension. There are many beliefs regarding the origin of the Star of David. One is that King David won a battle against his enemy, King Nimrod, and his shield had the two interlocking triangles on it, which then became known as the “Shield of David.” Another belief is that God is compared to a shield who gave his divine protection to King David.  The Star of David meaning has a deep connection for the Jewish people, representing not only their religion but a symbol of the homeland of the Jews.

What is the meaning of Chai?

Chai Jewellery Symbolism
Chai Jewellery Symbolism

Chai is a Jewish symbol which means, “Life.” A popular toast is, “L’Chaim!” which means, “To Life!” Chai symbolizes the importance of the life we have been given, to appreciate life, and the wish for a good life. Chai is made up of two Hebrew letters – chet and yud. Judaism places significance in numerology; the chet is the 8th letter in the Hebrew alphabet and the yud is the 10th letter. Combined, they total 18, which is a number that represents good luck. It is for this reason that a monetary gift for a Jewish wedding, a Bar Mitzvah or Bat Mitzvah, Hanukkah, or any celebration, is often given in multiples of 18.  The Chai meaning has great importance to the Jews and is often seen on a necklace, cufflinks, or other piece of jewellery.


What is the dream catcher meaning?

Dreamcatcher Jewellery Symbolism
Dreamcatcher Jewellery Symbolism

dreamcatcher is thought to catch bad or negative dreams and is seen as a symbol of unity among Native Americans. The dreamcatcher meaning derives from an ancient story of a special spider mother whose children moved to all corners of the land. Their mother and grandmothers sewed magical webs for her children using cordage made from plants, sinew and willow hoops. The dream catchers were meant to keep out any bad dreams and promote only good dreams for the children.

The Ojibwe people first made the dream catcher and through intermarriages with other tribes, the concept grew and grew. It wasn’t until the 1960’s and 1970’s that dream catchers grew in popularity and spread to other cultures to share and enjoy their beauty. The dreamcatcher meaning has such beauty that you can often see a dreamcatcher hanging from a porch, or hanging in a car from a rear view mirror, or as dream catcher earrings or other jewellery.


What is the meaning of the Irish Claddagh Ring?

Irish Claddagh Ring Jewellery Symbolism
Irish Claddagh Ring Jewellery Symbolism

The Claddagh ring is a traditional ring in Irish culture. It consists of two clasped hands holding a heart, topped with a crown. The two clasped hands symbolize friendship, the heart symbolizes love, and the crown symbolizes loyalty. It is believed that the Claddagh ring was first produced in the 17th century, in the Irish fishing village of Galway. The term “Claddagh Ring” was not used until the 1830s. In the late 20th century, there has been increased interest in the Claddagh ring as both jewellery and as being an icon of Irish identity.

Claddagh rings are used as engagement and wedding rings, and less commonly they are used as friendship rings. Sometimes Claddagh rings are handed down from mother to daughter or grandmother to granddaughter.


Claddagh rings can be worn in four ways, and it is said that each represents the relationship status of the wearer.

  1. On the right hand with the point of the heart toward the wrist means that the wearer is not looking for a relationship currently. This can be due to the wearer being in a relationship or just not looking.
  2. On the right hand with the point of the heart toward the fingertips means that the wearer is single and looking for a relationship.
  3. The left hand ring finger with the point of the heart towards the wrist means that the wearer is married.
  4. On the left hand ring finger with the point of the heart toward the fingertips means that the wearer is engaged.


What does the Celtic trinity (triquetra) knot mean?

Celtic Trinity (triquetra) Knot Jewellery Symbolism
Celtic Trinity (triquetra) Knot Jewellery Symbolism

The trinity knot in Celtic culture appeared around the 7th century during the Insular Art movement in Ireland. Knotwork has been prominent in Irish culture throughout history. The Triquetra is believed to be the simplest knot. Use of the Trinity knot has used throughout Ireland’s history to adorn both jewellery and weapons. It became extremely popular during the middle of the 19th century during what was called the “Celtic Revival” and Celtic knotwork has been used as decoration and reproduced ever since.

The Trinity Knot is versatile in its meaning. It has several meanings in different religions. In the Christian faith, the Trinity knot represents the Holy Trinity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Christians sometimes add a circle around the Trinity knot to represent eternal life.



To Wiccans and Neopagans, the Trinity knot symbolizes the Goddess as mother, maiden, and crone. The mother as a Goddess represents creation, the maiden represents innocence, and the crone represents wisdom. It can also symbolize the forces of nature-earth, fire, and water. The three interlocking circles can also be symbolic of female fertility.

The Celts believe that the most important things in life come in threes, such as the three domains, the three stages of life, and the three elements. Some believe the Trinity knot could have symbolized the lunar and solar phases.

The Trinity knot can also symbolize eternal love; an uninterrupted life cycle; or simply as a symbol of Ireland’s ancient culture.

What is the infinity symbol meaning?

Infinity Symbol Jewellery Symbolism
Infinity Symbol Jewellery Symbolism

The infinity symbol looks like a sideways 8.  In mathematics, the infinity symbol  represents the concept of a number that goes on and on indefinitely, like pi (3.14159265359…).  When used to describe feelings, or space, or any other concept, it means limitless and boundless.

The infinity symbol has become popular recently as a jewellery trend.  Being given a piece of jewellery with the infinity symbol means forever and always, never ending possibilities, eternity.


What is the heart symbol origin?

Heart Symbol Jewellery Symbolism
Heart Symbol Jewellery Symbolism

The heart symbol is a universal symbol for love, caring, and affection and dates back to the mid-13th century where it was found in a manuscript. By the end of the Middle Ages, the shape of the heart became more frequently used as a symbol for love. The heart symbol with an arrow through it means a captured heart. A heart that is broken into two pieces symbolizes a broken heart. In 1977, the heart was introduced as a symbol for a slogan in New York, “I Love NY.” Its popularity quickly grew after the heart was used in this manner and soon it became a universal symbol.


What is the peace sign meaning?

Peace Sign Jewellery Symbolism
Peace Sign Jewellery Symbolism

The peace sign symbolizes universal peace. The peace sign was created by British artist Gerald Holtom in 1958. It was originally designed as a symbol for the Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War. The three lines in the circle represent two letters – N and D, which stands for Nuclear Disarmament.

There is a system in place that assigns letters of the alphabet to the position of flags. This method of communication was used between ships that were a great distance apart.

The two lines on the bottom of the peace symbol which are at a 45 degree angle represent two flags held at this angle, which represents the letter “N.” The straight line in the middle that goes up and down represents the letter, “D.”

Although the peace symbol was originally designed for the Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War in England, the popularity of the symbol quickly spread and became a symbol of the peace movement in the United States in 1960. It was very popular during the Vietnam War and now the peace symbol meaning is an internationally known symbol for peace among all people.

What is the Ganesha meaning?

Ganesha Jewellery Symbolism
Ganesha Jewellery Symbolism

Ganesh is a Hindu God that emerged as a widely worshipped deity in the 4th and 5th centuries CE. It is depicted with the head of an elephant. The ganesh meaning is believed to remove arrogance, obstacles, narcissism, and selfishness. Ganesh is revered as benevolent supernatural being of great intellect and appreciation of the arts and sciences.

He represents everything that derives from the material universe. It is not uncommon to find a statue or symbol of Ganesh in a Hindu’s presence. He has, over time, become one of the most worshipped and praised gods of all of the Hindu gods.


What is om meaning?

Om Jewellery Symbolism
Om Jewellery Symbolism

The Om represents God, Creation, and the Oneness of all creation. It is most commonly used in Buddhist and Hindu religions. Om is more specifically called Pranava, which means, “it infiltrates life and runs through our breath.”

The first breath of creation signifies that Om is the primordial sound. Om is often seen as the utmost of all mantras or vibrations. Today Om is often practiced as a part of yoga.


What is ankh meaning?

Ankh Jewellery Symbolism
Ankh Jewellery Symbolism

The Ankh meaning has many different interpretations in different religions and cultures. The Egyptian’s believe that the ankh represents the Nile. There are also many Egyptian gods that are represented in hieroglyphs that are found holding the ankh. The gods are portrayed holding the ankh by its loops.

Another belief of the ankh is that it represents life, especially eternal life. Some also refer to it as the crux ansata, which means the key of life. It is also believed to be a symbol of power to sustain the person holding it. They are supposed to then have a long life from holding or wearing the ankh.



What is Buddha meaning?

Buddha Jewellery Symbolism
Buddha Jewellery Symbolism

Buddha is a Sanskrit word that means, “The Awakened One.” It represents the life Siddhartha, an Indian prince born in 563 BC who gave up the throne and renounced his royal upbringing with its lavish lifestyle to devote his life to searching for the Truth. He set out to find the true meaning of happiness for people all around the world.

He first met with the most esteemed religious teachers of the day and sought guidance from them. Studied with them for over six years and he believed that all of the ignorance had been lifted from him. He embarked on his lifelong journey to teach others how to achieve true peace and joy, how to gain true wisdom, and how to see reality. His teaching is known as the Dharma. Buddha’s followers devote their lives to the practice of Enlightenment to gain the wisdom that transcends suffering and to teach others the same.

Siddhartha was named the “Awakened One” or “Buddha.”


What is the lotus flower meaning?

Lotus Flower Jewellery Symbols
Lotus Flower Jewellery Symbols

The lotus flower meaning varies among several different cultures and religions. The lotus flower retracts at night and then emerges beautifully the next morning. The Egyptians associated the lotus flower with the sun, which also disappeared in the nighttime.

In Buddhism, the lotus flower meaning is known for exactness, spiritual awakening, and purity, because the lotus flower emerges from dark and muddy waters and then transforms into a beautiful flower.

In Hinduism, the lotus flower meaning is associated with fruitfulness, spirituality, attractiveness, affluence, eternity, and purity. Lotus symbolic that this gorgeous flower emerges from the muddy waters.

Semi Precious Stones

The What are semi precious stones?

A semi precious stones is also known as a gem or gemstone (also a jewel, a gem, a precious stone), which is a portion of mineral, which, in refined and cut form, is used to create jewellery or other embellishments. There are also organic resources or precise rocks that are not minerals (for example jet or amber) that are also used for jewellery and would also be considered to be gemstones, as well.

In the West, precious stones are diamonds, sapphires, rubies and emeralds. All other stones are considered semi-precious stones. However, this is a commercial based classification and was a distinction that marketers created years ago which gives the false impression that precious stones are more valuable than semi-precious stones.

For example, a Tsavorite green garnet is more valuable than a mid-quality sapphire. It’s a concept from the West that often puts misconceived notions of the truth into consumers’ minds. So contextually there is a difference between semi-precious and precious but it is mostly for show and strictly from a commercial perspective.

What are gemstones?

A gemstone is a precious or a semi-precious stone used in jewellery. Gemologists identify gemstones. They label gems in the arena of gemology using practical language and their features. A gemologist uses the gemstone’s chemical arrangement to classify it. For instance, diamonds are made of carbon (C). Many gems are categorized by a crystal system because they are crystals. Gemstones are classified into different varieties, species, and groups. They are also characterized in terms of dispersion, hardness, specific gravity, refractive index, luster, fracture, and cleavage. Flaws in a stone are known as inclusions.

What is the difference between a precious stone, a semi-precious stone, and a gemstone?

A precious stone and a semi-precious stone are both classifications of gemstones. It is a portion of a mineral, which, in refined and cut form, is used to create jewellery or other embellishments. The term “precious stone” versus “semi-precious stone” is a commercial term that simply isn’t always applicable. They are terms that exist solely in the West and were created as a marketing tool by the people who were looking to sell precious stones. Precious stones are diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sapphires. All other stones are considered semi-precious stones.

What is Amethyst? Meaning, Color

Amethyst Stone February Birthstone
Amethyst Semi Precious Stones

Amethyst is the birthstone for February and is a vibrant violet purple color. The Amethyst belongs to the quartz group of minerals and is very valuable and precious. Amethyst receives its purple color from aluminum and iron impurities.

Amethyst has many powers but especially to soothe and stimulate emotions and the mind. It allows the logic of sobriety and restraint but conveys the energy of passion and fire, spirituality and resourcefulness.

What is Citrine? Meaning, Color

Citrine is a very popular gemstone that comes from a large family of quartz gemstones. The “Citrine” derives from the French word, “Citron,” which means “lemon,” even though citrine is more golden than a lemon color.

Citrine carries the power of the sun. It is heartening and warm, life giving and invigorating. The crystal itself has many key energies. It brings the influence of citrine to your exertions. Citrine is a premier stone of resourcefulness, personal will and manifestation.

What is Turquoise? Meaning, Color

Turquoise Stone
Turquoise Semi Precious Stones

Turquoise is an opaque, bluish-green mineral that derives its name from “Turkish,” which is the country that first brought the mineral to Europe from Iran. Gemstone Turquoise was mined over 4,000 years ago in the Sinai Peninsula by the Egyptians and has been mined for at least 2,000 years in Iran. The Southwest United States is also a major source of turquoise and its use is very popular in Native Indian jewellery. Highly liked Semi Precious Stones.

As one of the earliest stones mined, turquoise was used an an amulet for protection and symbolized wealth in ancient cultures. As an amulet, it was believed to protect from harm and negative energy. It is a symbol of friendship.

What is Blue Topaz? Meaning, Color

Blue topaz was discovered over two thousand years ago. The Egyptians were the first to use the gemstone. It contains hydroxyl and fluorine which make it an aluminum silicate. It is colorless in its purest form.

Blue topaz is used when you want to seek forgiveness, develop perseverance, or reconcile differences. It is also used excellently for healing efforts from destructive behavior and addictions. It also helps to bring cheerfulness and trust.

What is Peridot? Meaning, Color

Peridot Stone August Birthstone
Peridot Semi Precious Stones

Peridot is only found in one color which is a vibrant green color and that is rare for most gemstones. It is a part of the olivine group, which is part of the forsterite-fayalite mineral series. Peridot derives from the Arabic word, “faridat” which means gem. Today it can found in the United States, Asia, and the Middle East as well.

Peridot Semi Precious Stones is known to help in efforts to learn new skills or to concentrate. It is a healing stone as well and also known as the, “Study Stone.”

What is Jade? Meaning, Color

The term Jade encapsulates many things and covers a wide array of gemstones. The only pure forms of jade are nephrite and jadeite. Jade’s history dates back to several thousand years ago when it was used to make tools and weapons because of its strength. The name Jade originates from the Spanish term, “piedra de ijada.” The translation means, “stone for the pain in the side.”

Jade is known to convey affluence and money, captivate affection and helps with self-healing. It also offers security from adversity and calamities.

What is Garnet? Meaning, Color

Garnet Stone January Birthstone
Garnet Semi Precious Stones

There are six common types of garnets in the gemstones family. They are spessartie, grossularite, almandine, pyrope, andradite and uvarovite. There are also some mixture of the garnets such as pyrope and almandite. All Mali Garnets derive from Africa. It received its name in 1994 when andradite and grossular garnet was found in the Mali, a West African country. It was then named the mali garnet.

Garnet is the birthstone for January but that is a deep red color, and the most traditional for the gemstone. The most valuable are the andradite and the grossular garnets.

Garnet is said to be useful in attracting thoughtfulness and commitment. It is a giver of happiness and an energy enhancer. It is the birthstone for January.

What is Tourmaline? Meaning, Color

Tourmaline originates from the term, “turamali” in Singhalese which means, “stone of mixed colors.” Has a very exclusive spectrum of colors and stands alone by that fact in the world of gemstones. Tourmaline is a very adaptable gemstone and is available from the color black to being entirely colorless.

Gemstone Tourmaline is used in exertions to secure a sound monetary future. It also is used to develop physical strength.

What is Moonstone? Meaning, Color

Moonstone is an opaque and transparent obligoclase which is a mixture of sheet mica and plagioclase albite. It has an effervescent like glow that makes it unique and desirable to many. Moonstone’s name alone derives from its incredible white and bluish shimmer that almost looks like its own magical moonshine.

Moonstone is known as the traveler’s stone. It is particularly protective of those who travel when the moon is out at night time. Moonstone aids with the recognition of love and belonging. It is often used for new love.

What is Malachite? Meaning, Color

Malachite has distinguishing green veining and it is a copper carbonate. It’s a not a particularly hard stone and is typically found near copper ore deposits. Most famously, malachite is found in mines in Russia in the mountains. However, today production takes place in the Congo (formerly Zaire). Today, also it is far scarcer than it has ever been in decades previously.

Malachite is an authoritative stone of protection from physical damage and is a great way to join with Mother Earth through meditation. It is known for acts of assistance and service to others.

What is Jasper? Meaning, Color

The term jasper derives from the Greek word for, “spotted stone.” Scientist put jasper in a group all by itself due to its grainy structure but it is usually considered to be chalcedony. It contains foreign materials that make up its streak, color and appearance and account for 20% of the stone itself. The rarest type of jasper is uniform.

Jasper is essentially the gemstone of vivacity, security, and physical energy. It is good to keep in your home, work, or car for extra protection.

What is Rose Quartz? Meaning, Color

Rose quartz is thought to have derivatives from small traces of titanium impurities. It is a unique soft pink color and they tend to have the color deepened by cloudiness. The unique soft pink color of rose quartz gems is thought to derive from tiny traces of titanium impurities. Rose quartz has a glowing milky quality that makes it good for carving or cutting en cabochon.

Rose Quartz is mainly a crystal of dedication and love. It is a stone to bring new romance, love and relationships to your life.

What is Tanzanite? Meaning, Color

Tanzanite is well known for its worldwide success and has continued to be in demand since its discovery in 1967 in Tanzania. There are technically three different colors on the spectrum and they range from green to purple to blue. Deep blue is the most coveted color which typically has a purple hue shimmer to it. It is trichroic and displays distinct pleochroism.

Tanzanite is a significant communication stone, giving a person the capability to express the truth. It also increases awareness in meditation, endorses consideration, enlightening a person so they understand their own heart, and also soothes an overcharged mind.

What is Opal? Meaning, Color

Opal Stone October Birthstone
Opal Semi Precious Stones

Opal derives from places such as Mexico, Brazil, Australia and the United States. The cost of opal depends on the nature and occurrence of color flashes. Each opal is markedly separable more than any other gemstone. The most elusive gems universally worn are opals. Opals require distinct care to keep them healthy and wearable.

Opal is a gemstone of legend and wisdom. It is known as a healing stone and is associated specifically with the eyes. It is the birthstone for October. Opal has a calming energy and vivid colors.

Dont forget to look Jewellery Definitions

What is Pearl? Meaning, Color

Pearls Gemstone June Birthstone
Pearls Semi Precious Stones

Pearls are created by the coinciding of the platelets of film and aragonite of conchiolin flanking to the pearl surface. They are the products of bivalve mollusks (which is mostly mussels and oysters). Pearls are not specifically hard, but they are spectacularly difficult to crush and compact. Pearls are products of bivalve mollusks (mainly oysters and mussels). The pearl’s color varies greatly by the water and type of mollusk. Semi Precious Stones liked by 80% of women.

Pearl is the representation of virtuousness and pureness. It is more often than not worn by brides and sown into their gowns for their special day. It is the birthstone for June and there are a great deal of traditions and customs associated with the gemstone.

What is Black Onyx? Meaning, Color

Onyx occurs naturally in groups of white and black, but also is usually dyed to get the accustomed jet black color that people expect. It is a cryptocrystalline type of quartz and is chalcedony, the black form.

Black onyx is a stone for improving self-control, expelling heartache and intelligent decision making. It is meant to quiet apprehension and encapsulates too much energy as well.

What is Aquamarine? Meaning, Color

Aquamarine Stone
Aquamarine Stone

Aquamarine is in the same family as beryl or emerald and is most well-known for its incredible range of beautiful blue colors. The name means seawater in Latin and that’s where it derives from. Dark blue is the most desirable color for aquamarine. It is a very hard gemstone as well. Aquamarine seems to be only growing in popularity and is a more moderately priced stone. It is also the birthstone for March. Most used Semi Precious Stones.


Aquamarine was used traditionally to purify water by the Romans. It is a conventionally soothing stone. It helps to keep your breathing tranquil and secure during stressful times.

What is Topaz? Meaning, Color

Topaz Stone November Birthstone
Topaz Stone November Birthstone

There are wide arrays of colors that topaz comes in. They are orange, red, yellow, brown, clear, pink, and blue. Blue topaz with a medium hue is the most shared version of the gemstone and it can be found in huge sizes at inexpensive prices. It has a high refractive index and a very high hardness. The rarest form of it is moderately scarce and is called Imperial Topaz.

Topaz surges your mindfulness of actions and judgments and their karmic properties. It cleanses engagements as well as feelings. Starts cosmic consciousness and eliminates motionless energy as well. It is a sympathetic and comforting stone.

Semi Precious stone list

§  Actinolite

§  Adamite

§  Agate

§  Alexandrite

§  Algodonite

§  Amblygonite

§  Analcime

§  Anatase

§  Andalusite

§  Anglesite

§  Anhydrite

§  Apophyllite

§  Aragonite

§  Amber

§  Amethyst

§  Ametrine

§  Ammolite

§  Andalusite

§  Apatite

§  Augelite

§  Axenite

§  Azurite

§  Barite

§  Bayldonite

§  Benitoite

§  Beryl

§  Beryllonite

§  Bismutotantalite

§  Boleite

§  Boracite

§  Bornite

§  Brazilianite

§  Breithauptite

§  Brookite

§  Brucite

§  Bustamite

§  Aquamarine (Beryl)

§  Heliodor (Beryl)

§  Morganite (Beryl)

§  Emerald (Beryl)

§  Red Beryl (Beryl)

§  Calcite

§  Canasite

§  Cancrinite

§  Cassiterite

§  Catapleiite

§  Celestite

§  Ceruleite

§  Cerussite

§  Chabazite

§  Chrysoberyl

§  Chrysocolla

§  Chalcedony

§  Chambersite

§  Charoite

§  Chicken-Blood Stone

§  Childrenite

§  Chiolite

§  Chromite

§  Cinnabar

§  Citrine

§  Cobaltite

§  Colemanite

§  Coral

§  Cordierite

§  Corundum

§  Covellite

§  Creedite

§  Crocoite

§  Cryolite

§  Cuprite

§  Datolite

§  Danburite

§  Diamond

§  Diaspore

§  Diopside

§  Dioptase

§  Dicksonite

§  Dolomite

§  Dumortierite

§  Ekanite

§  Eosphorite

§  Epidote

§  Enstatite

§  Ettringite

§  Euclase

§  Eudialyte

§  Euxenite

§  Feldspars

§  Fergusonite

§  Flourite

§  Fossilized Organisms

§  Friedelite

§  Gadolinite

§  Garnet

§  Gaylussite

§  Grandidierite

§  Gypsum

§  Hambergite

§  Hauyne

§  Hematite

§  Hemimorphite

§  Herderite

§  Hodgkinsonite

§  Holtite

§  Howlite

§  Huebernite

§  Humite

§  Hureaulite

§  Hurlbutite

§  Hyperitdiabas

§  Idocrase (Vesuvianite)

§  Inderite

§  Iolite

§  Jade

§  Jasper

§  Jeremejevite

§  Jet

§  Kammererite

§  Korite

§  Kornerupine

§  Kurnakovite

§  Kyanite

§  Labradorite

§  Langbeinite

§  Lapis Lazuli

§  Lawsonite

§  Lazulite

§  Legrandite

§  Lepidolite

§  Leucite

§  Linarite

§  Ludlamite

§  Magnesite

§  Malachite

§  Mali Garnet

§  Manganotantalite

§  Marcasite

§  Meliphanite

§  Mellite

§  Microlite

§  Milarite

§  Millerite

§  Mimetite

§  Moldavite

§  Monazite

§  Mordenite

§  Moonstone

§  Black Onyx

§  Opal

§  Pearl, Freshwater

§  Pearl, Saltwater

§  Peridot

§  Quartz

§  Rubelite (Tourmaline)

§  Ruby (Corundum)

§  Sapphire (Corundum)

§  Scapolite

§  Sphalerite

§  Sphene (Titanite)

§  Spinel

§  Sugilite

§  Oregon Sunstone (Feldspar)

§  Tanzanite (Zoisite)

§  Tiger’s Eye

§  Topaz

§  Tourmaline

§  Turquoise

§  Zircon


Jewellery Definitions

Jewellery or jewelry is a form of personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. The word jewellery itself is derived from the word jewel, which was anglicized from the Old French “jouel”, and beyond that, to the Latin word “jocale”, meaning plaything. Here is the list of jewellery definitions everyone need to aware.

Jewellery Definitions

What is agate?

Agate is a cryptocrystalline species of quartz found in all colors and widely used in designing of Scottish jewellery.

What is an alloy?

An alloy is a product (usually metal) obtained when two or more metallic elements are combined, mainly to boost its strength or ability to withstand corrosion.

What does annealing mean?

Annealing refers to the process of heating a metal and slowly cooling it. Annealing is done to make a metal more malleable and convenient to work on.

What is art nouveau?

Art nouveau is a fashion of decorative art which was popular in Western Europe and the U.S between 1890 and 1914. Its distinguishing features are intricate designs of natural objects, use of uncommon materials and linear or flowing curves.

What is a baguette?

A baguette is a gem, in most cases diamond, step-cut into a small rectangular shape for use in accenting larger gemstones.

What does bandeau mean?

A bandeau is an ornament worn on the head sometimes to keep hair in position. Its common form is a narrow band positioned low around the forehead.

See also: Body Jewellery

What is a bangle?

A bangle is the name given to a stiff bracelet that can glide over the wrist. Some bangles can open with clinch while others do not. If a bangle can open to allow the wearer to slip it over their wrist, it is referred to as a hinged bangle.

What does baroque mean?

Baroque is a term used for asymmetrical pearls or stones.

What is a bezel

A bezel is a metallic groove encircling a gem to keep it in its position in a jewellery piece.

What is a brilliant cut?

Brilliant cut is a style of shaping a stone which has multiple facets in a specified way that will guarantee maximum brilliance. Today’s round gemstones with a brilliant cut have 58 facets.

What is a briolette?

A briolette is a 3-dimensional stone shaped like a pear or teardrop and has triangular faces cut diagonally along its surface. They are distinct from other shapes of gemstones since their appearance is the same from all directions. Their shape is described as without “a table (face)”, and “pavilion (back).” This makes them great choices for hanging pendants and earrings.

What is a cabochon?

Cabochon is the term used for a stone carved into smooth rounded surfaces devoid of facets. It has a domed top and flat base. Most stones fashioned this way are translucent or opaque and this design enables the designer to show off unique optical characteristics of the gem such as stars or cat’s eyes. Examples of a cabochon stone includes moonstone, turquoise, and opal.

What are calipers?

A calipers is an instrument used in jewellery design for taking precise measurements on the inside and outside surfaces of a gemstone.

What are cameos?

Cameos represent a method of chiseling a design motif in relief. The method involves cutting away the surrounding materials, mostly of a shell or hard stone, and the remaining or resulting pattern is the intended artwork.

What is a carat?

A carat is a unit of measurement for the weight of precious stones. check carat vs karat

What is jewellery casting?

Casting refers to the procedure of molding an object from a molten substance. The molten or liquid material is poured into a mold, usually incised into the shape of the intended item, and cooled through centrifugal forces to solidify and create the desired piece.

What is cloisonné?

Cloisonné is a term used for a method of enamel work which involves holding enamels separate through strips of flat wire soldered adjacently on a metal plate to form the desired pattern. Then, the designer puts enamel paste in this pattern then fires it up to create a colorful design.

What is costume jewellery?

Costume jewellery is the name used to refer to jewels designed with economical materials or imitation stones.

What is electroplating?

Electroplating is the method of applying a thin layer of a metal onto another. The thin layer of metal is applied through a process called electrolysis. In jewellery, metals such as gold, rhodium, platinum, and silver are used to form the thin layer.

What is a facet?

A facet refers to a polished or plane surface of a gem.

What is filigree?

Filigree is an artwork designed with fine wires in the shape of complex patterns sometimes soldered on a metal base or simply interwoven to create an openwork design.

What is fracture filled?

Fracture filled is a term used for a gem treated to fracture filling. Fracture filling, also known as clarity enhancement, refers to a method of improving the appearance of a gemstone by sealing the cavities occurring on its surface with items like resin, oil, and glass. The treatment also masks the fractures, improves clarity, adds to the weight and increases stability of the stone.

What is a freshwater pearl?

Freshwater pearls are the variety of pearls mined in river mussels.

What is hematite?

A hematite is an impervious reddish-black mineral composed of a ferric oxide.

What is a jump ring?

A jump ring is a circular metallic item created when two ends of a wire are shaped to face each other, closely, but not joined. In jewellery, a jump ring is commonly used to make chains and chainmail.

What is marcasite?

Marcasite refers to a semi-precious stone that contains pyrite. Both pyrite and marcasite appear shiny, black or bronze yellow. They both contain ferrous disulfide but their crystalline formation is different.

What is moissanite?

Moissanite is a crystal that looks almost identical to a diamond. It was discovered in 1893 by French chemist, Henri Moissan. Observing it through the naked eye, it is very hard to distinguish moissanite from diamonds. In fact, some stones have passed for diamonds under professional scrutiny. Basically, it compares closely to diamonds in terms of color, brilliance, and hardness. Moissanite has a color similar to GIA certified K-color diamond, a hardness score of 9.25, and it sparkles more than a diamond.

What is the Mohs Scale of Hardness?

Mohs scale of hardness is a scale for measurement of the proportionate hardness of a gemstone determined by its resistance to scratching. The softest metal (talc) rates 1 on the scale while the hardest (diamond) scores 10. The scale takes this name after its inventor a German mineralogist known as Friedrich Moh.

What is Mother of Pearl?

Mother of pearl is a flawless, shiny, prismatic lining in the inner surfaces of an oyster or certain mollusk’s shells.

What is palladium?

Palladium is a precious metal, white in color and a member of the platinum group. Its weight is higher than that of platinum by half and costs half the price of platinum.

What is patina?

Patina is defined as the change that occurs on the face of an object due to natural aging. In gemstones, minute, invisible scratches combine with time to create a lustrous finish. Due to the beautiful gloss a rich patina introduces to fine jewellery, jewelers do sometimes influence the formation of this coat on metals like sterling silver, gold, and bronze artificially using chemicals.

What is a pavé setting?

Pavé setting is a method of stone setting which involves circling the whole surface of the gemstone with tightly set stones such that you can hardly see the metal linking them. The jewel surface will appear as though paved with gems. This method of setting is prevalent with diamonds.

What is platinum?

Platinum is a non-corrosive heavy precious metal, silver-white in color and with a high tensile strength.

What is a relief?

Relief is a method of raised decoration where the design sticks out above the surface. An example of a relief concept of jewellery design is a cameo. Relief could also be used to represent the height of a motif or any other jewellery feature, describing how it sinks underneath or rises above the base of the piece.

What is repoussé?

Repoussé is the name used for a raised high relief design on the front of a metal object made by hammering, embossing or punching the reverse side of the metal to form the design from the back side out

What is rose gold?

Also termed as pink gold and red gold, rose gold is an alloy of gold and copper which comes with a subtle delicate pinkish color that deepens with age.

What is a seal?

A seal is an incision into a metal or stone usually done to impress a design on a substance like clay or wax.

What is a shank?

A shank is the portion of a ring that surrounds the finger. It can also be termed as the hoop or loop of a ring.

What is sterling silver?

Sterling silver is an alloy of silver, which contains 92.5 percent of pure silver metal, and 7.5 percent of other metals. Also, by legal standards, sterling silver should have a millesimal fineness of 925. Anything else is generally termed as silver parts and is stamped on jewels “not sterling silver.”

What does tarnish mean?

When a piece of jewellery or metal tarnishes, it loses it luster and changes color. In the case of sterling silver, oxidization causes the piece to tarnish and turn a blackish color. Tarnish can be removed from metal by using a polishing cloth or dipping the piece in a silver jewellery cleaning liquid to remove the tarnish. The metal is not eroded at all by the tarnish and can always be restored to its original brilliant shine.

What is a tiara?

A tiara is a decorated band worn on the head in the same position as a crown.

What is white gold?

White gold is created by mixing gold with silver-colored alloys such as silver, nickel, and zinc to lower the yellow color of gold. It is common for white gold to be coated with platinum or rhodium to strengthen its white luster and lower the yellow hue.

What is yellow gold?

Yellow gold is the metal obtained when pure gold, silver, copper, and zinc are mixed in proportions of 91.77%, 5%, 2%, and 1.33% respectively. This is not pure gold, however, since 100% pure gold is somewhat reddish yellow in color and weighs 24 karats. On the contrary, yellow gold is an alloy of pure gold and other metals and weighs 22 karats.

What is vermeil?

Vermeil is the term used to refer to a piece of silver or bronze metal covered with a thin layer of gold.

Body Jewellery

The Types of Body Jewellery

When you think about jewellery, the most common styles of jewellery are necklaces, rings, earrings and bracelets. However, there are other types of jewellery worn on different parts of the body such as toe rings, belly rings, toe rings, and nose rings.  The broad term for these ornaments is body jewellery, and they can be worn by both men and women of all ages. Here is a detailed look at different types of body jewellery and the part of the body it is worn on.

Ear Jewellery

Ear Jewellery Body Jewellery
Ear Jewellery Body Jewellery

Because ear piercings are very popular, jewellery for the ear is very common. There are different types of ear jewellery to match the various piercings that can be done on this part of the body. Here is a look at different ear piercings and its corresponding jewellery.

Below are the different parts of the ear that can be pierced:

  • Earlobe

Also known as the lobule, this is the most common placement for ear piercings. Both men and women can have a single piercing on the lobe. However, 2, 3 or more lobe piercings in a row are a common sight today.

  • Helix

the outer rim of the ear. Some people opt for a single or double helix piercings. The double piercing on the Helix is commonly referred to as a scaffold or industrial piercing. At the point where the helix touches the head, a forward helix piercing can be placed. To make it an industrial piercing, the other piercing is done on the back side of the helix, further from the head. Then, a barbell is inserted from the back side of the ear, through the second piercing across the front side of the upper cartilage and fastened at the forward helix piercing.

  • Crus of Helix

the small ridge of the cartilage positioned above the Tragus. A daith ear piercing is done here.

  • Crura of Antihelix

the depression of cartilage appearing above the Crus of Helix. A rook piercing is placed here.

  • Tragus

The lower edge of the cartilage connecting the ear to the head. The tragus piercing appears at the center of this part of the ear.

  • Auricular Tubercle

Edge of the external part of the ear, the auricle, between the earlobe and the helix. This is where the ear cuff piercing is placed. Several piercings on the auricular tubercle are popular.

  • Concha 

The scooped area inside the ear’s cartilage. Two piercings, the inner and outer conch piercing are positioned here. Neighboring to the ear canal is a cup-shaped portion of the concha where the inner conch piercing is placed. The outer conch piercing is done on the flat area of the ear cartilage between the ear’s anti-helix and helix.

The style of jewellery used on different ear piercings is limited to the wearer’s imagination. However, there are some basic designs for different piercings mentioned above. Below are different types of ear jewellery:

Ear Cuffs

Ear cuffs are commonly used for non-pierced ears.  The Ear cuffs are a great way to add style to the ear without the commitment of piercing the ear. Ear cuffs are sometimes chained to a lobe piercing. However, when there is no such piercing, they simply encircle the outer cartilage.


This type of ear jewellery appears like it is floating on the earlobe with no visible point of connection. The design of a stud earring features an ornament such as a gemstone attached to a long pin-like post. The post penetrates the pierced part of the ear and is fastened at the back with a removable clutch.

Studs can flatter almost all face shapes and are suitable for different occasions. They could feature diamonds, plastics, pearls, and precious metals, thus making them suitable earrings for formal, semi-formal, and casual wear. Studs are great to wear if you like to wear your earrings all the time and never take them off.

Captive Bead Rings (CBR)

This is a body piercing jewellery that can also be used as earrings. Also known as closure rings, CBRs are characteristically 360 degree rings with a small opening used for insertion. They come with a small bead for closing the insertion gap and it is fastened by the ring’s tension.


Hoop earrings are similar to a ring but larger in size. They could be circular or semi-circular in structure. Generally, they are a loop of wire or metal tubing fixed with a small attachment that can be opened to go through the ear piercing.


Just like their name, barbell earrings resemble a barbell – the gym equipment. Barbell earrings are characterized by two spherical objects attached on either side of a metallic bar. One of these spherical objects is attached, while the other is removable so that the wearer can use this end to insert the barbell into the ear piercing. There are straight and curved angled barbells, depending on the shape of the metal bar.

Drop Earrings

A drop earring is designed with an ornament like a gemstone or beads hanging on a chain, hoop or another object attached to the earlobe. A drop earring can be short or extremely long depending on the taste of a wearer. They could also be referred to as pendant, dangle, or droplet earrings. This group of earrings also covers chandelier types which are characterized by multi-level pendants.

Huggy Earrings

Casually termed as huggies, these are varieties of earrings whose setting hugs the wearer’s earlobe. They exist in various shapes and sizes, including rectangles, hearts, and circles, among others.

Nose Piercings

Nose Piercing Body Jewellery
Nose Piercing Body Jewellery

There are different types of nose piercings, classified according to where the hole appears. Nostril and septum nose piercings are the most popular.  Since nose piercings are common, the range of nose jewellery you can find in the market is broad.

Nose rings

Nose rings are a type of nose jewellery worn either through the septum, center, or one side of the nose. They are common among men and women. Nose rings have been used for centuries. In the Middle East and Africa, men gave their new wives nose rings to indicate the woman’s new status and bar other men from showing romantic interest in the wearer. These regions, the size of nostril rings was associated with the wealth in a family. In South and Central America, septum piercings were worn as a symbol of status.

Today, about 15 percent of US men and 19 percent of US women have nose piercings. This makes nose jewellery a popular type of body jewellery. Nose jewellery can also be varied. Ideally, what should be referred to as a nose ring includes loops, circular barbells, and hoops.

Nose Screw

A nose screw is a short, hooked post that the wearer can twist through a nostril piercing. They can be left-bend or right-bend, depending on the side of nostril the screw is designed for.


Studs, such as labret studs, are common pieces for piercings in different parts of the body, including the nose. The beauty with labret studs is that they come with different tops, all bejeweled to make your nose jewel appear more glamorous.


It involves a short post with an embellished top that lies on the nostril and is fastened inside the nostril by a spherical bottom.


This is a common jewellery choice for people with septum piercings and, in certain cases, a bridge piercing. It is designed like a straight taper with pointed ends. A spike should be worn across the piercing with its pointed ends sticking out.

Belly Jewellery

The most common type of belly jewellery today is belly chains and belly button rings, also known as naval rings.

Belly Button/Naval Rings

Naval rings have been around for centuries. It is believed that belly piercings and jewellery resulted from an ancient Egyptian ritual where piercing your belly would free your spirit from the world of the living and connect you with the world of eternity. Another school of thought attributes these kinds of piercings with the need to show courage or manliness.

Today, there are different styles of belly piercings. The way you pierce your belly depends on your creativity. Some people combine their naval piercing with a tattoo for an elegant, unique look. Just like the styles of the piercings are varied, so are the belly jewellery choices. Designs like hoops and loops, studs, barbells and others for belly button rings exist.

Also read: Everything about Copper

Belly chain

Naval rings can be worn together with a belly chain to make it more appealing. A belly chain is a body ornament worn around the waist. The trend is common in India and Arabic countries where belly dancers wore such chains around their waist. The chain is designed to make the belly piercing more noticeable. Belly chains are commonly made of gold or silver.

Tongue Jewellery

The most common type of tongue jewellery is a barbell style of the jewel, usually worn on a piercing appearing in the center of the tongue. To enhance the styles of tongue jewellery, the ends of barbells are designed into different shapes. This way, you can find flat tongue stud barbells, tongue ticklers, picture tongue bars, BioFlex barbells with balls and others. Some of these barbell ends and bars are jeweled too.

There are people who undertake several tongue piercings, arranged in a triangle or diamond shape. Another kind of tongue piercing is referred to as a snake bite, which is created when the piercer makes holes on both sides of the center of the tongue, near the tip.

Also read: Everything about Gold

Barbells or the bars for tongue piercings can be made of stainless steel, high carbon plastics, titanium, and niobium, among other materials. The material for tongue jewellery is chosen keenly to make sure it doesn’t irritate the mouth or cause infections.

Eyebrow Jewellery

Eyebrow jewellery refers to the kind of ornaments worn on piercings appearing on the outer periphery of the eyebrow. Some common eyebrow jewellery includes curved barbells, plain barbells, and rings, among others. The rings and barbells come in different shapes, colors and sizes. This makes it possible for wearers to find designs suitable for different occasions. These jewels are mostly made of metals and adorned with crystals, glass, and gemstones.

Foot Jewellery

Many people will grab any chance they get to walk on bare feet or in sandals or flip flops. The cool air on your feet is refreshing. Bare feet with polished toenails is a thing of beauty for women.  You can even attract more attention to your feet by adorning them with jewellery. The common types of foot jewellery are ankle bracelets, toe rings, and feet chains.

Toe Ring

In various parts of the world, toe rings have been a popular accessory. In fact, such rings have a cultural significance in certain countries. An example is the toe ring worn by the married Hindu women of India. In some countries, however, toe rings are a modern fashion accessory. In the United States, toe rings were not popular until the 1990s.

Toe rings come in a wide range of styles, materials, and colors. Some general designs include metal closed loop (usually gold or iron molded into a solid ring), metal open-loop (gold, iron, or silver) and elastic. Elastic toe rings have a stretchy band that is decorated with materials like beads, jewels or an attractive object attached to it such as a tiny flip-flop or a butterfly.

Also read: Everything about Platinum

Ankle Bracelets (Anklets)

Just like wrist bracelets, these can be found in various designs. Popularly known as an anklet, ankle chain, or ankle string, an ankle bracelet is an ornament used to adorn the foot’s ankle. Historically, barefoot anklets have been worn by Indian women and girls for centuries. Today, anklets are a significant accessory in Indian marriages.

Egyptian women have worn anklets since prehistoric periods. In the U.S., casual and formal anklets rocked the market in the 1930’s and late 20th century. These ornaments are a common sight on barefoot women, but men also wear casual anklets made of leather.

Formal ankle bracelets are made of beads or metals such as gold and silver. It can be worn on either ankle, but in India and most Eastern cultures, women wear anklets on both legs. In Western cultures, they are mostly worn by women as fashion jewellery.

An ankle bracelet can be a simple design or one that contains a charm, pendant or both. It is only logical to pair an anklet with attire and shoes that expose its beauty.

Wedding Jewellery

Wedding jewellery refers to the kind of ornaments worn by couples during their marriage ceremony. For most cultures around the world, rings are the must-have jewellery for a wedding. However, there are other regions with specific ornaments for different parts of the body which are of significance in marriage ceremonies.

One peculiar aspect of wedding jewellery is that each piece has a significant meaning. For instance, a wedding ring or wedding band is worn on the fourth finger of the left hand. It is supposed to signify the vow to eternal love to the person receiving the ring.

Some traditions still hold to some rules when it comes to the specifics of the ring. For instance, a Jewish wedding ring should be made of gold, without decorations or blemishes, to symbolize the beautiful simple marriage the newlyweds will have. However, most regions have broken from the practice and now accept rings that are decorated with gemstones or made of different metals. In fact, many couples are integrating their religious commitment into their wedding jewellery, by weaving crosses, the Star of David, or rosaries into their magnificent wedding bands.

There are also other ornaments used in weddings depending on the region. For instance, Indians wear nose rings, toe rings, and anklets to signify different statuses of a woman or man in regard to marriage. All these items have some religious and cultural significance in the union of marriage.

Nail Jewellery

There are many different kinds of nail jewellery available in the market today. Some of them are affixed onto the nails as “polish secure” with nail art that involves sticking tiny ornaments on wet varnish. The gems held on with nail polish must be light and minuscule, unless you want to stick them with glue. These gems are reusable, since all you need is to rub your nails with a nail varnish remover.

Pendants, studs, and rings are also other types of nail jewellery worn on a small piercing on the white part of the nail that protrudes from the finger. The nail piercing can appear on the edge or atop the nail plate. The common jewellery worn on nail piercing may look like small chains (usually called nail charms), or hoop earrings that dangle off the tip of the nail. The nail jewels are made of different materials like metals, gemstones or crystals, and can feature various designs including crosses, a palm tree, dolphin, hearts, and butterflies.

Leg Jewellery

This is another trendy accessory that involves a network of chains adorning the leg. One chain, usually the base, can be worn loosely around the knee. Then, there will be several attachments that fall over the leg in a waterfall-like pattern.

Another version of such chains involves a garter-type base worn around the thigh to hold the other leg chains. There are designs of leg jewellery that use belly chains or belts to hold the accessories up.

Leg jewellery is an awesome sight when it peeps out from the edge of a short skirt or cocktail dress. Leg chains are a bold statement, and for this reason, you do not want to accessorize a lot if you have such ornaments on.

Body Chains

Other than necklaces and leg chains, there are other designs of chains used to encircle the upper part of the body. They could begin from the shoulders, run through the back or tummy, wrap around the waistline, and finally fall over or sit on the torso. Some common types of body chains include belly chains, vest chains, harnesses and hip chains, among others.

Body chains can appear elegant either adorned over a blouse, simple camisoles, or underneath a skirt as well as a mini dress.


Clearly, there are numerous types of body jewellery. Most of these are worn as fashion accessories. However, in some regions of the world, certain jewellery has religious and cultural significance. Whether you wear your ornaments for fashion or spiritual reasons, body jewellery is without a doubt a subtle item for boosting appearance and enhancing personality.

How To Clean Jewellery

Keeping your jewellery shiny and sparkling doesn’t have to be a difficult or costly exercise. In fact, How To Clean Jewellery at home and achieve professional looking results using readily available supplies such as mild dish washing soap, toothpaste, a soft toothbrush or makeup brush, and vinegar.

Although for some delicate pieces, you will need to visit a professional jeweler for cleaning and inspection, there are many types of jewellery that can be cleaned effectively at home. To keep your jewellery sparkling, it is important to know the proper methods for cleaning each type of jewellery.

How To Clean Jewellery

If you want to keep your jewellery looking dazzling, below are methods for proper handling and cleaning that you can do at home to achieve professional quality jewellery cleaning results.

GemsFly – Online Jewellery Shopping

How to clean silver jewellery?

If you store your silver jewellery, humidity and long storage will cause silver pieces to tarnish due to oxidation. If you want to remove this dark black hue easily, be sure to clean the piece as soon you notice the oxidization. However, an oxidized piece of Silver can always be cleaned to a sparkling shine at any time, but with a little more effort. If the silver piece is difficult to clean due to embedded stones, or if it is a cherished antique piece, it is recommended to have it professionally cleaned by a jeweler.

Methods to clean silver jewellery

  1. A quick and effective method of restoring the shine to silver is the use of a liquid silver jewellery cleaner. Many silver cleaners come with a tray to place your jewellery in. Gently swirl it around for about 10 seconds and remove. Rinse it with water and dry with a soft cloth or paper towel. You will be amazed every time your silver jewellery is restored in seconds to its original shine. Be forewarned, however, that the silver jewellery cleaner smells like rotten eggs.
  2. Another method of removing the tarnish on your silver jewellery is by buffing it with a silver polishing cloth. You can purchase a polishing cloth online or from a jeweler. A polishing cloth is a great option for silver that is embedded with pearls or other delicate stones that cannot be submerged in a liquid silver jewellery cleaner.
  3. Another method of polishing your silver jewellery at home is with toothpaste. Squeeze a small amount of toothpaste on a soft toothbrush, a cloth, or a paper town, and rub the tarnished areas gently. Allow the paste a few minutes to work on the tarnish before washing it off. Rinse thoroughly and wipe with a soft cloth to dry.
  4. Windex is also another product you can use to clean your tarnished silver. Just spray it on and wipe it off with a soft material. If the piece has some dirt lodged in the small crevices of the piece, you could brush the edges with a soft-bristled brush. Then, rinse with lukewarm water and wipe dry with a clean cloth. You may polish the piece with the polishing cloth to restore its luster.

How to clean copper jewellery?

You may notice that your copper jewellery and your skin may turn green after several hours of wearing copper jewellery. This discoloration is caused by oxidation and occurs when the copper reacts with air, sweat, and body oils. In fact, this is one way to confirm that copper jewellery is made from pure copper. To clean the green discoloration from your skin, wash your skin with soap and water.

Fortunately, it is easy to clean copper jewellery with an acidic solution, such as lemon juice, vinegar, or ketchup. Below are several methods on how to clean copper jewellery and restore the gorgeous brilliant shine of copper.

  • Lemon Juice

Place the jewellery in a small bowl and squeeze enough lemon juice to cover the copper jewellery. Sprinkle salt on the piece and leave it for about 20 minutes for the dirt to breakdown. Use your fingers or a soft cloth to rub the salt into the piece. You may use a soft brush to reach the crevices and edges of the jewellery. Rinse with water and dry the piece with a soft cloth.

  • Vinegar

Fill a plastic or glass bowl with white vinegar and cover the piece of copper jewellery. Do not use a metal bowl. Sprinkle table salt on the jewellery and let it sit for a few minutes. Rub in the salt with your fingers, a cloth, or a toothbrush. Let sit for 5-10 minutes and rinse with water and pat dry with a soft cloth.

  • Ketchup

Spread ketchup on the copper jewellery with your fingers, a cloth, or a toothbrush. Let sit for 5-10 minutes. Rinse with water and pat dry with a soft cloth.

Do NOT use a commercial copper cleaner to clean your copper jewellery. The chemical is too harsh for jewellery and damage your jewellery.

How to prevent copper jewellery from oxidizing?

There are several methods of treating copper jewellery to prevent it from turning green and turning your skin green.

  • Coat the side of the copper jewellery that touches your skin with clear nail polish.
  • Renaissance Wax is an ideal product to protect your copper jewellery from oxidization and will maintain the beautiful high polish of copper.

How to clean gold jewellery?

Though Gold does not tarnish like sterling silver, it can still collect dirt after regular use, which will dullen its surface and deter its prevalent glow.

To clean your gold jewellery at home, it is important to use a mild soap and a soft cloth or brush, as gold can easily scratch.

You will need a solution of dishwashing liquid and warm water, a soft bristled brush, a small bowl, and a soft dry cloth. In the small bowl, place the gold piece then cover it with the warm water and soap solution. Allow the piece to soak for at least 15 minutes. Then, use your brush and scrub the piece gently, concentrating on all visible dirt. Rinse under warm water and wipe dry with the soft cloth.

How to clean diamonds?

Diamonds the hardest stones in existence today. Unfortunately, even with their high resistance to scratches and breakage, they can easily get marred by lotions, natural body oils, and cosmetic products on the wearer’s skin. In fact, a simple touch can deprive a diamond jewel its brilliance.

To restore its sparkle, loosen any dirt and grime on the diamond by soaking it for 15 to 20 minutes in a solution of water and mild soap. Use a soft clean brush to scrub, concentrating on the edges and corners that are difficult to reach.

It is important to be gentle on any settings in your diamond jewellery. Tension settings or prongs used in antique diamond jewellery can get damaged during heavy scrubbing. Once through, you can rinse with clean water. Make sure to wipe with a lint-free material before storing.

You can use toothpaste to clean your diamond, however, it should be used on the diamond only and not on the surrounding metal, as this will dullen the metal. Place a small amount of toothpaste on a soft brush, like a soft toothbrush. Gently brush the surface of the diamond and push the bristles down the sides of the diamond.

These methods will restore the brilliant sparkle of your diamond jewellery.

How to clean pearls?

Pearls are delicate and call for careful handling when cleaning. Unfortunately, they collect grime, dust, and other dirt. The beautiful luster of pearls will dullen from dirt caused by lotions, hair products, soaps, and grime caused by daily life.

Do NOT use jewellery cleaners for silver or gold to clean your pearls. Pearls are highly porous and dipping then in these liquids will permanently damage your pearls.

You can restore the luster and iridescence of the pearls by cleaning the pearls with a solution of mild soap and water. Wet a soft material with this solution and buff the pearls gently and dry them with a soft dry cloth.

Pearls should be stored in their own storage compartment and not with other stones or metals, as pearls can be easily scratched.

How to clean costume jewellery?

An important feature of costume jewellery is that it is designed with different materials. This makes it necessary to consider the kind of materials used on your piece before choosing a suitable washing technique. In a costume jewellery design, there could be a semi-precious stone, glass, or crystal. Choose a cleaning agent that is mild enough not to harm even the most sensitive of the materials used on the piece. A safe choice is a mild detergent with warm water.

Apply the liquid solution to a soft brush or cloth and gently rub the piece. Concentrate on the crevices, links, and corners of the piece as most dirt hides here. It is not wise to soak the piece in the jewellery cleaner. Soaking can weaken any adhesives used in the jewellery. Use fresh water to rinse and wipe dry with a clean cloth before storing.

How to clean silver or gold jewellery with pearls?

It is challenging to clean your silver or gold jewellery with pearls, especially, when intricate nooks and crannies are involved.

Do NOT use a liquid silver or gold jewellery cleaner to clean your piece with pearls. You may find a silver cleaning solution that suggests it is safe for pearls, however, this is not true. A silver jewellery cleaner will ruin your pearls by removing the outer shiny layer of the pearl.

Your options are to bring the jewellery to a jeweler for professional cleaning, or use a polishing cloth for the silver and a soap and water solution for the pearls. To clean your silver and gold jewellery embedded with pearls, it is important to clean each part separately.

Begin by buffing the silver parts with the silver polishing cloth. Concentrate on dirt that you can clean. For edges and crevices that are difficult to reach, you can place the point of a toothpick in the polishing cloth and twist and turn it to polish this part of the piece.

To clean the pearls, you will need warm water, a small bowl, mild soap, a makeup brush. Make a solution of warm water and mild soap. Next, spread the jewellery on a soft cloth. Wet a soft brush or cloth with this solution and rub it gently against each pearl. Wipe the piece with a soft cloth and leave it open for several minutes to dry.

How to clean gold-plated jewellery?

You can clean your gold-plated jewellery with the same method as cleaning gold jewellery (see How to clean gold jewellery). Gold-plated jewellery is costume jewellery, and is not as durable as a solid gold piece of jewellery. It is made from a base metal and coated with a very thin layer of gold, which can wear off.

Gold-plated jewellery should not come into contact with harsh chemicals or jewellery cleaners, as these can wear out the gold-plating.

Always keep your gold-plated jewellery away from body lotions, hair sprays, and other cosmetics, as they make the pieces appear dull. Do not scrub heavily or bring it in contact with abrasive materials, which may wear off or scratch the gold coating.

How to clean precious stones?

Before deciding on the best way to clean your gems, look at the instructions given in a gemstone care guide. This is because each stone is unique and may call for customized cleaning routines using chemicals specially designed for that gem. Nevertheless, a gentle rub with a soft brush immersed in a solution of water and mild detergent is very effective at cleaning precious stones. Wipe it dry with a soft cloth before returning it to its respective storage.

Examples of precious stones on the market today are diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds. Each one reacts differently with general cleaning agents. Beware of the level of sensitivity of a gem before subjecting it to any cleaning technique.

How to clean semi-precious stones?

Some of the gems considered as semi-precious stones include black onyx, aquamarine, opal, garnet, moonstone, and tourmaline, among others. Just because they are called semi-precious, this doesn’t mean they are of less value. They should be taken care of properly to maintain their shine.

Before you can apply any cleaning agent, make sure you identify the kind of semi precious gem used in your piece. This is because the different gems react differently to water, chemicals, and solutions used for cleaning. Here is a look at how to clean select precious stones;

Aquamarine: How To Clean Jewellery

If looking for meticulous results in cleaning aquamarine pieces, it could be helpful to bring it to a jeweler for cleaning. However, you can still clean at home and get acceptable results if you use a suitable cleaner. Look for a delicate jewellery cleaner and immerse your piece in it then wait for about 5 minutes. Use a soft-bristled brush to lightly scrub any dirt build-up along the edges. Wipe dry with a soft cloth.

Opal: How To Clean Jewellery

Opals are among the elusive gems worn in the world today. To keep your piece looking brilliant, wash it with warm water, and mild soap. It is okay to scrub it gently with a soft brush. Of importance is to make sure you control the water temperature, since sudden changes can result in cracks on the surface of the stone.

Moonstone: How To Clean Jewellery

This is among the fragile stones that can crack or scratch if brought into contact with coarse materials. When washing, only scrub lightly with a soft-bristled brush. You can soak your moonstone jewellery in warm soapy water for about 5 minutes so that the dirt can loosen before scrubbing. Keep away from harsh jewellery cleaners, as these may dullen the surface of your moonstone. Similarly, cleaners with bleaching agents do discolor moonstones.

Tourmaline: How To Clean Jewellery

This gem has worn the title “king of color” due to its occurrence in numerous hues. It is a hard crystal, thus it is resistant to scratches and breakage, unless subjected to hard blows. These features have made tourmaline a popular gem in most jewellery designs.

If you notice your tourmaline jewellery has become dull, you can restore its vibrant beauty by washing it with most jewellery cleaners. Another alternative is to scrub it gently but firmly with a soft cloth or brush dipped in warm soapy water. Be keen not to subject it to sudden temperature changes as it can break. Dry your tourmaline thoroughly before storing.

Garnet: How To Clean Jewellery

Garnets are relatively hard and durable. However, they can chip or crack if subjected to hard blows. To keep your garnets shining, wash regularly by rubbing with a soft cloth dampened with a mild jewellery cleaner.

Citrine: How To Clean Jewellery

citrine is affordable and comes in a variety of colors. This makes it among the popular stones used in jewellery all over the world. You can sustain the beautiful color of citrine for long if you take proper care of it.

It is safe to clean citrine with most jewellery cleaners. In case you do not have any cleaner at home, soak it in a solution of soap and water for at least 15 minutes. Then, scrub gently with a makeup brush. Make sure to rinse thoroughly, then wipe dry with a clean cloth before storing. Do not expose your citrine jewellery to heat or sunlight for long as this can cause it to fade.

How to clean platinum Jewellery?

Platinum doesn’t tarnish, fade, or change color like many metals used in fine jewellery. However, its patina can dullen due to exposure to environmental components. This causes the platinum jewellery to lose its shine.

To restore its sheen, soak in a gentle warm solution of soap and water. After 15 minutes, rub your piece gently with a soft brush. Rinse under warm water and wipe with a soft cloth to dry.

It is useful to note that platinum can take on a natural soft patina due to age. This will look different from the original shiny polish. If you would like the new look, bring your piece to a jeweler for polishing so the soft patina can shine better.

How to clean silver-plated jewellery?

Just like with sterling silver, silver-plated jewellery does tarnish with time. Keep in mind that this type of jewellery has a thin layer of silver covering a non-precious metal. In this case, cleaning should be gentle so that one does not expose the base metal.

The silver oxidizes, or turns black, due to its reaction with atmospheric elements, chemicals in common products, and cosmetics.

To clean your silver-plated jewellery at home

mix a few drops of gentle dish washing liquid with warm water in a small bowl. Wet a soft cloth with the soapy solution and rub it gently against the jewellery. Keep the piece soaked in the solution as you scrub. Pay attention to the edges and grooves, as most dirt collects here. Rubbing it thoroughly for about 10 minutes should remove most tarnish. Rinse the piece with clean warm water and wipe with a lint-free cloth.

Always store silver-plated items away from moisture. You can enclose it in a re-sealable plastic bag separate from other pieces if you do not have a box specially designed for this piece. This will prevent oxidization resulting from moisture, as well as scratches and other damages caused by contact with abrasive materials.

How to clean Swarovski crystals?

Swarovski crystals may not cost as much as real gemstones, but they are among the top-of-the-shelf jewellery items in the market today. They are delicate and one should take proper care of them, if they are to last for a long time. Hair lotions, sprays, and natural body oils will dullen the Swarovski crystals.

For simple cleaning, use mild dishwashing detergent and water. You can rub it gently with a soft-bristled brush to get rid of the dirt. Use clean water to rinse, then wipe dry with a soft cloth.

For deeper cleaning, look for Swarovski cleaning kits. These come with a specially designed jewellery cleaning cloth, handling gloves, crystal brush, a cleaner, and washing instructions. Follow the given washing guidelines to restore the sparkle in your lovely crystals.

How to clean stainless steel jewellery?

Stainless steel is popular in jewellery for its elegant appearance and durability. Stainless steel doesn’t corrode; however, it is possible for it to collect dirt from chemicals, lotions, and other environmental factors.

To restore its sheen, mix a few drops of mild soap and warm water in a small bowl. Wet a soft or non-abrasive cloth with the solution and use it to wipe the piece. Make sure to follow the grain of the polish on the steel piece. If the jewellery piece has any grooves that are hard to reach with the cloth, use a soft toothbrush to scrub such areas.

Dip another cloth in clean warm water and use it to wipe the traces of soap off the stainless-steel piece. Use a soft towel or paper towels to wipe your jewellery dry before returning to its storage box. If possible, polish stainless steel jewellery after cleaning to restore its patina. You can use a jewellery polish or polishing cloth.

How to clean cubic zirconia?

It is common for cubic zirconia to be mistaken for diamonds. This is because they are so close to diamonds in terms of their hardness and brilliance. Since it is not a real gem, its price is low and this makes it a good choice for costume jewellery. Natural body oils, lotions, hair sprays and other cosmetics used by the wearer often come into contact with cubic zirconia and can easily dull its surface.

With a solution of soap and warm water, you can restore your cubic zirconia jewellery to its original shine. Scrub gently with a soft brush, taking care of the stone and any settings used on the piece. Rinse thoroughly with clean warm water and pat the stone dry with a clean soft cloth. Wash your cubic zirconia pieces regularly to keep them brilliant for long.

Everything about Copper

What is copper?

Copper is an essential mineral found in plant life and in the human body and it is also a metal alloy with a reddish-orange color. The use of copper dates back over 10,000 years. Pure copper is very soft and malleable and is combined with other metals, such as brass and bronze, for use in jewellery and other uses. Copper is used in currency (the U.S. penny), and is used as a heat conductor, in medical instruments, and has been used as a decorative coating of famous gates, such as the Temple of Jerusalem, sculptures, and statues, most notably, The Statue of Liberty, the largest copper statue in the world.

Since 100% of copper can be recycled without any loss of its original mined quality, it is the third most recycled metal. Over 80% of the copper mined since it was discovered thousands of years ago is still in use today. When copper tarnishes, a beautiful green patina covers the piece.

What is the history of copper jewellery?

Copper is the oldest metal ore. Originally mined by prehistoric man, evidence points to the first discovery of copper approximately 13,000 years ago. Refining processes took a little longer to establish, around 5000 BC, mainly in the Middle East.

The Egyptians were the first to create metal alloys from copper – bronze (copper and tin) and brass (copper and zinc). The metal was highly prized in its natural form, as well as for use as an alloy. The more copper a person owned, the greater their social status within society.

Early man in the Americas also used copper, mainly to produce jewellery items such as beads and earrings. With the arrival of Europeans on the continent, copper jewellery, mainly bracelets, gained a whole new significance as a trading item for Native Americans.  To this day, Native Americans still value copper jewellery highly.

Today, the healing properties and simple beauty of copper still make it a fashionable and highly sought after jewellery item.

What is a copper deficiency?

Copper deficiency can be caused by a diet that lacks foods containing copper (such as shellfish, certain nuts, chocolate, liver, or red wine) or from ingesting high doses of vitamin C or zinc, both of which can block copper’s absorption. The body uses copper for proper bone, nervous system, joint, and circulatory system health. Oral supplements can overload the body with unnecessary copper and can do damage in people who are unable to metabolize the mineral. Therefore, some people find it beneficial to wear copper jewellery for the purpose of having a small amount of copper absorbed through the skin.

Most people have the ability to take in as much copper as their body needs and block any excess, which makes copper jewellery perfectly fine, and perhaps even beneficial, for most.

What is copper toxicity?

Copper toxicity is typically a problem due to the ingestion of copper and not from wearing copper jewellery. Ingesting copper, which can lead to copper toxicity, can come from poor sources in vitamins or high-risk food sources in underdeveloped areas and countries. Studies by scientists and doctors believe that there is no correlation bewteen copper toxicity and exposure to copper water pipes and living near copper sources.

What are the healing properties of copper? Will coated copper work?

The healing properties of copper are an enzymatic chemical reaction positively involving the body’s own chemistry. For this to happen, copper must come into contact with the body’s skin oils and acids, so coated copper will not work. When copper is in direct contact with the skin, the micro-nutrient properties of copper enter the bloodstream through the skin as a copper salt, resulting from a mix of body oils and acids, and the chelated copper picked up from the copper source.

It is very important to use pure copper, which is defined as 99.9% copper with trace elements of tin and zinc, which are also beneficial metals.

What are the health benefits of copper?

People who are deficient in copper may benefit from wearing copper jewellery, since it can be absorbed through the skin. Jewellery is a good way of taking in the small amount of the mineral needed. The healing properties of copper, in the form of bracelets, necklaces, rings, or earrings, can allow a minimal amount of the mineral into the body without overwhelming it. Some wearers of copper jewellery find it relieves the symptoms of arthritis and circulation problems.

What are the holistic and spiritual properties of copper?

On a holistic level, copper has historically been associated as the body metal, and is considered a grounding metal for the human body and spirit. (Silver is the metal of the spirit, and gold is the metal of the mind.)

Spiritually, copper is also considered a metal capable of storing healing properties holistically, as well as having protective properties. This is why it was used in ancient times for totems and talismans.

Because holistic and spiritual uses of the copper properties are holistic in nature, copper can be coated for these properties to work, in theory. However, some people still believe these properties could be blocked by the physical barrier of a coating on the copper. For healing purposes, the copper should not be coated to allow direct contact with the skin.

Is copper jewellery durable?

Copper is an extremely durable metal and is often used in products designed to last a very long time, such as building wire, water pipes, and tube fittings. As jewellery, copper will last a lifetime or longer, when cared for properly. Copper is sometimes used as a base for jewellery on top of which another metal is plated, such as silver or platinum.

How do you to clean copper jewellery?

Occasionally, copper jewellery or the skin of its wearer can turn green. This happens when the metal interacts with sweat and is referred to as copper chelates. The chelates assimilate to the body and are absorbed, and many wearers expect this to happen as proof that the copper is working with their body. Green coloring on the skin comes off with soap and water, and polishing copper jewellery is as easy as finding an acidic item in the kitchen. Lemon and ketchup are both excellent for cleaning copper jewellery. Simply place the piece of jewellery in a small bowl and cover with your choice of cleaner. Let it soak for no longer than 20 minutes. If necessary, use a soft toothbrush to reach into crevices on the jewellery. Use mild soap and water to wash the acidic cleaner off the jewellery and pat dry with a soft cloth. The piece of copper jewellery should regain its shine and look new again.

Copper Jewellery

Everything about Platinum

What is platinum?

Platinum is a precious heavy metal. Because it is both dense and malleable, it is ideal in jewellery production. Platinum derives its name from the Spanish word “platina,” meaning “little silver.”

Why buy platinum vs white gold or sterling silver?

Platinum is extremely rare. Though it bears a similarity to silver, it is much more expensive. It is silver-white in color and highly resistant to corrosion and high temperatures. Platinum can take much more day-to-day abuse before needing to be repaired, whereas silver and white gold need more care. Platinum is also hypoallergenic, and may not cause irritation to sensitive skin.

Why is platinum jewellery so expensive?

Platinum is the “premium” white metal. It is the hardest and heaviest white metal. A six-inch cube of platinum weighs 165 lbs. This ensures a durability suited for rings and bracelets that are exposed to everyday wear.

As we mentioned above, platinum is the most expensive of the precious metals and the most luxurious. Even in credit card lingo, platinum ranks pretty high! Here’s why platinum jewellery comes with a big price tag:

  • Platinum is much denser than silver or gold. It is about 60% heavier than 14K gold and 40% heavier than 18K gold. This means that a platinum piece of identical specifications as a gold or silver piece will be heavier and as a result, more expensive.
  • Platinum is much rarer than other precious metals, with platinum production occurring in only a handful of locations in the world.
  • Platinum used in jewellery has higher purity levels than gold or silver. As we’ve already observed, platinum jewellery will hold at least 80% pure platinum whereas pure gold in jewellery is almost always under 75%.
  • Crafting jewellery from platinum requires specialized tools, higher temperature levels and greater expertise. All these adds to the cost of the jewellery.

Where is platinum found?

Platinum has been mined for centuries, with the highest concentrations found in South Africa, Russia and Canada. It has been discovered that platinum is also found on the surface of the moon and meteorites. Platinum traces can be found where meteorites have crashed to Earth.

What are other uses for platinum?

In 2010, only about 30% of the platinum sold was used in jewellery making. The bulk of the use for platinum is in vehicle emissions control. It has also been shown that platinum used in chemotherapy is effective in treating tumors.

Tips for caring for your platinum jewellery:

  • Store your platinum jewellery in boxes or bags separately, so as not to be scratched by other pieces.
  • Clean with mild soap and water or a jewellery cleaning solution.
  • Though most household cleaners will not harm platinum, other stones and metals may be damaged. Remove platinum rings and bracelets when house cleaning.
  • Work with certified jewelers to polish, resize, or make any other adjustments to your platinum jewellery.

Is platinum the most expensive metal used in jewellery?

Platinum is an expensive metal commonly found in jewellery, however, the rare metal rhodium holds more value. Part of the platinum family, rhodium is more often used to coat and protect common metals such as silver or gold. This gives jewellery its reflective white surface. Temperamental during the melting process, jewellery is rarely made entirely of rhodium, making them extremely valuable when discovered. Platinum is the second highest valued metal.

Platinum vs. white gold – What is the difference in how white gold and platinum look?

White gold is usually coated in rhodium to give it a white, shiny finish. When comparing white gold to platinum, the platinum metal will have a slight gray appearance. Over time, each metal will change and require maintenance. White gold will begin to turn yellow, and requires being re-dipped to bring back its shiny exterior. Platinum will begin to dull, but can be professionally cleaned to bring back its original shine.

Why is platinum popular for wedding rings?

Platinum is a naturally white metal and advertised as being 90% to 95% pure. It is one of the highest valued metals, and requires relatively low maintenance when compared to gold or silver. Platinum wedding bands are known for their long-lasting white finish, durability, and rarity, which make them a popular choice for wedding bands.

How to Identify Platinum

You will rarely find 100% pure platinum jewellery. Platinum is almost always mixed with other metals, but needless to say the higher the percentage of pure platinum the more expensive the metal. Copper, ruthenium, iridium, rhodium, palladium and cobalt are the most popular base metals used in platinum alloys.

To know how much platinum is in your alloy, you need to look for the platinum hallmark. A hallmark is a small identification symbol that is stamped on the jewellery, indicating the level of purity of the metal.

  1. 950 Plat or 950 Pt. – The metal is at least 95% pure platinum and 5% alloy metals
  2. 900 – 90% platinum purity and 10% alloy metals
  3. 850 Plat or 850 Pt. – Platinum purity is 85% with the other 15% being other metals
  4. 800 Pt. 200 Pd. – Platinum purity is 80% while the other 20% is of palladium (another platinum based metal)
  5. No platinum label – there is less than 50% pure platinum in the metal.

Most platinum jewellery generally contains high purity levels, with 85% to 95% platinum commonly used. To put this in perspective, 18-karat gold contains only 75% gold while 14-Karat gold only has 58% gold. In comparison, platinum below 80% purity is not considered platinum.

Shopping for Platinum Jewellery

Whether you buy platinum online or at a physical store, there are several factors to consider to ensure you get the best deal.

Here is a quick checklist before you purchase:

  1. Buy from a reputable retailer. This may seem obvious, but often it can be difficult to tell whether someone is an established retailer. Check reviews, if possible, about the retailer. What are people saying about them? Ask questions prior to purchase and communicate with the seller.
  2. Check for the hallmark to identify platinum. Ask the seller if you cannot find the hallmark. It may be that the item was too small to have one.
  3. Check the after sales policies. Does the seller take responsibility for the sale? Are there returns policies, warranty or free maintenance? If purchasing online, check the shipping policies.

What is the price of platinum? How does it compare to the price of gold and silver?

Check out here

Everything about Silver

What is Silver?

Silver is a precious metal and, much like gold, is too fine to be utilized in its pure form.

What does .925 mean?

To make silver durable enough for use in jewellery, pure silver, which has a .999 fineness (99.9%), is often alloyed with small quantities of copper (7.5%). The copper is added to strengthen the silver and the resulting product is .925 sterling silver (92.5%). Acceptable quality marks for sterling silver include: sterling, sterling silver, ster, and .925

What are acceptable stamps for sterling silver?

Acceptable quality marks for sterling silver are sterling, sterling silver, ster, and .925

What is sterling silver?

Sterling silver is an alloy of silver, which consists of 92.5 percent silver and 7.5 percent copper.

Why does silver tarnish?

Tarnish is a dulling which naturally occurs when silver reacts with sulfur or hydrogen sulfide in the air. Most people think silver tarnishes due to oxidation. But, chemically speaking, silver is not very reactive—it does not react with oxygen or water at normal temperatures. However, other metals in the alloy, usually copper, may react with oxygen in the air.

How do you care for silver jewellery?

Care should be taken to avoid exposing your silver to household chemicals when cleaning with bleach or ammonia, or when swimming in chlorinated water, as these chemicals can damage silver.

Body Jewellery

How to clean silver jewellery?

The best way to keep your silver jewellery clean is by wearing it often. However, humidity and storing the silver can tarnish the piece, also known as oxidation, which will give the silver a darkish black color. Tarnish is most easily removed when it first becomes visible.

There are several methods to clean your tarnished silver. A popular method is to use a liquid silver cleaner (which smells like rotten eggs) that you can purchase at a jewellery store or a Walmart or Target. Put the piece of silver in the little tray, swish it around, and the original beautiful silver shine is restored.

A silver polishing cloth formulated specifically to remove tarnish is effective in cleaning silver jewellery.

Clean silver at home

How To Clean Jewellery

Jewellery Definitions

Another great method for cleaning sterling silver jewellery, especially when you don’t have silver cleaner or a polishing cloth at home, is toothpaste! Put some toothpaste on an old toothbrush and gently rub the toothpaste into the silver. Let it sit for a few minutes and wash it off. If you’re trying to shine a chain, put toothpaste on the chain and pull it through a wash cloth or paper towel. You’ll see the cloth turn black and you’ll know you’re cleaning the piece.

The aluminum foil method also works great. Fill a bowl or jar halfway with hot water. Add 1 tablespoon of salt to the bowl or a little more, depending on the size of the bowl. Mix the salt until it dissolves. Add a few strips of aluminum foil to the bowl. Add the silver jewellery to the bowl. Stir it around and let it sit for a few minutes. The aluminum foil interacts with the salt and removes the tarnish off the silver. Rinse the jewellery with water. This process may need to be repeated a few times, but it is very effective in restoring your silver jewellery to its original shine.

Particularly valuable or antique pieces of silver should always be hand-polished, as buffing can permanently damage such a piece.

What is the difference between sterling silver and silverplated?

Sterling silver items contain a minimum of 92.5% pure silver. Silver-plated items are made of a lesser quality metal and then covered with a thin layer of silver, making them less valuable than objects made of sterling silver. Sterling silver will last for a long time if cared for properly, whereas silver-plating generally does not last longer than 20 years. Fluorescent x-rays are used by those in the jewellery industry to distinguish between sterling silver and silver-plated items. A scratch test can also be used, but runs the risk of damaging the item being examined.

What is the difference between silver, white gold, and platinum?

Silver, platinum, and white gold are considered “white” metals when used for jewellery, although they are all silver in appearance. The three metals may look similar, but they are very different in content. Sterling silver is the least expensive of the three metals and is comprised of 92.5% silver and 7.5% other metals. It is the softest of the three metals and tarnishes over time, but with frequent and proper cleaning, it serves as an alternative to platinum and white gold because of its lower price.

Gold Vs Silver

White gold is a harder metal than silver and is often used for settings of precious stones. White gold is more durable than silver, it does not tarnish, and it holds its shine very well. Like yellow gold, white gold holds up fairly well over time under normal wear. However, it is considerably more expensive than sterling silver and is typically reserved for more elegant jewellery such as engagement and wedding rings.

Platinum is the “premium” white metal. It is the hardest and most durable white metal and is often chosen for rings and ring settings by people who appreciate the wear and tear to which hand jewellery can be exposed. Platinum can take much more day-to-day abuse before needing to be repaired, whereas silver and white gold need more care. Platinum’s durability and longevity is reflected in its cost, however. A $20 sterling silver ring would cost about $200 in white gold and the same ring might cost around $600 in platinum.

What is  argentium silver?

Argentium is a form of sterling silver that is composed of the same amount of silver as sterling silver- 92.5% – however germanium is added to the silver to make up the remaining 7.5% of the element. This addition helps to prevent rapid tarnishing, and is quickly becoming a modern trend. It is still considered a hypoallergenic metal.

What type of silver should I buy?

There are many varieties of silver on the market. Of these, sterling silver, pure silver and silver plate are the most commonly known and used.

Sterling silver

Sterling silver is an alloy composed of 92.5% of silver and 7.5% of some other metal, commonly copper or nickel. These metals bring strength, durability and an extra luster to the silver.  This composition makes for a stronger variety of silver, which is the quality standard jewellery. This is an established silver standard, having originated in around 1300. The standard for sterling silver was popularized by Tiffany and Co in America as they used this for their jewellery.

How can I know if I identify sterling silver?

Genuine sterling silver should have a hallmark that identifies it as such. There are several versions of sterling silver hallmark. You may see .925 stamped on the silver. Alternately look for the words STER, STERLING, STG or Sterling Silver. If the silver has the number 800 stamped on it, it could very well be of European origin.

If you are worried whether sterling silver is durable, rest easy. This is an hard metal that will last through the ages. If any surface scratches or damage occurs, sterling silver can easily be polished back to its smooth shine. In addition to that, resizing and repairs are very reasonably priced, so maintaining sterling silver jewellery is easily done.

A note about silver hallmarks:

These are tiny microscopic stamps that can be found on some part of the silver. You will have to look carefully with a microscope to see these properly. This is the fastest way to identify if your silver is the real deal.

There can be some instances fake markings, but these are not common.

If the item of jewellery does not have any area on which to stamp a marking, the piece may be unstamped even though it may be of valuable silver.

When I first learned of hallmarks, I checked all my silver and was thrilled to see the tiny .925 marking.

How to Choose Silver Jewellery

Sterling silver jewellery comes in a range of styles and options. Whether you are a minimalist or minimalist, a vintage lover or a modern goddess, there will be silver pieces to suit your tastes. This incredibly versatile metal suits any occasion and event.

Sterling silver earrings

Sterling silver studs and hoops make for nice everyday wear earrings and go well with workwear or casual outfits. For a dressier look, choose sterling silver drop earrings or chandelier earrings. These are more dramatic and are good options for formal or special events.

Sterling silver charm bracelets

Sterling silver charm bracelets are all the rage right now and every girl wants to get her hands on one. They make a great gift and keepsake, as the wearer can keep adding meaningful charms to the bracelet.

There are several varieties of the sterling silver charms that you can buy to add to your charm collection, such as European charms, crystal and glass charms, Pandora charms and Italian charms. All these have their unique looks, so choose what looks good to you. One thing’s for sure, there are charms to suit every taste and need from crazy to calm.

Sterling silver cuffs

Sterling silver cuffs are a statement piece that go well with casual jeans and t-shirt or a dressed-up outfit.  If you are into more minimalist pieces, choose a cuff with a thinner width. Cuffs are more unique than regular bracelets, and can be more eye-catching.

Sterling silver necklaces and pendants

There are multiple chain varieties that you can choose from, depending on your preferences. A smooth style like a Snake chain or an Omega chain gives you a shiny solid appearance, while Rombo, Singapore or Figaro chains give you a conventional rope-like look.

Sterling silver pendants come in all shapes and sizes so finding one to suit your style will not be difficult.

Shopping for silver jewellery

Whether you buy your sterling silver online or at a physical store, there are several factors to consider to ensure you don’t get ripped off.

Here is a quick checklist before you purchase:

  1. Buy from a reputable retailer. This may seem obvious, but often it can be difficult to tell whether someone is an established retailer. Check reviews, if possible, about the retailer. What are people saying about them? Ask questions prior to purchase and communicate with the seller.
  2. Check for the hallmark to identify your silver. Ask the seller if you cannot find the hallmark. It may be that the item was too small to have a hallmark.
  3. Ask about the metals in the alloy. Remember, if you have skin that is sensitive to metal allergies, there is the off chance that silver can contain nickel.
  4. Check the after sales policies. Does the seller take responsibility for the sale? Are there returns policies, warranty or free maintenance? If purchasing online, check the shipping policies.

why not choose a sterling silver statement necklace? Pick one that complements your outfit and overall look. You are sure to get a lot of compliments!


Everything about Gold

What is gold?

Pure gold is a dense metal that is shiny with a yellowish color and is very soft and malleable. Gold is an element known as Au and was one of the first known metals. For use in jewellery, it must be combined with another metal to strengthen it.

What is rose gold, red gold, and pink gold?

Rose gold, red gold, and pink gold are made from a gold and copper alloy. Since copper has a bold pinkish-orange color, adding this alloy to gold gives the gold a beautiful pinkish gold color. 18K rose gold, 18K red gold, and 18K pink gold contain 75% gold. 14K rose gold, 14K red gold, and 14K pink gold contain 58% gold. The remaining percentage is made up of copper or copper and silver. The varying percentage of copper used determines the color of the gold. The more copper that is used, the stronger the rose color. Pink gold uses the least amount of copper, followed by rose gold, and red gold has the highest copper content.

There is no such thing as pure rose gold, since rose gold is an alloy of gold and copper. Below are examples of the common alloys for 18K rose gold, 18K red gold, and 18K pink gold.

18K Red Gold 18K Rose Gold 18K Pink Gold
75% gold 75% gold 75% gold
25% copper 22.5% copper 20% copper
2.75% silver 5% silver

What is white gold?

White gold is an alloy of yellow gold and at least one white metal, usually nickel or palladium. 18K white gold is 75% gold, and 14K white gold is 58.3% gold, so jewellery made from these metals have a slight yellow color. To enhance the whiteness, almost all white gold is plated with rhodium – a shiny, white metal which is extremely hard. Depending on the amount of wear to a piece of jewellery, over time the rhodium plating may wear off, revealing the original metal color. jewellery can be re-plated with rhodium to restore the whiteness, if needed. Below are sample alloy compositions of white gold:

18K white gold

  • 75% gold
  • 10% palladium
  • 10% nickel
  • 5% zinc
14K white gold

  • 59% gold
  • 25.5% copper
  • 12.3% nickel
  • 3.2% zinc

What is a karat of gold?

Pure gold is 24 karats so 1 karat of gold is 1/24 gold = 4.16% gold.  The higher the karat, or gold content in a piece of jewellery, the more yellow the gold appears.

What is 24K gold?

24K gold is 100% gold and is too soft for jewellery. It must be alloyed, or combined, with other metals to strengthen it.  24K is used in costume jewellery by electroplating a very thin layer of 24K gold over another metal like brass or silver, so the piece looks like gold, but is mostly made of other materials.

What is 22K gold?

22K gold is 91.7% gold and 8.3% of other metals combinations such as silver, copper, and zinc. It is very soft and not recommended for jewellery.

What is 18K gold?

18K gold is 75.0% gold and is recommended for fine jewellery.  18K gold is more expensive than 14K gold and the color is a brighter, richer  yellow color than 14K gold.  The other 25% is made up of other metals such as silver, copper, and zinc.  Since 18K gold has a higher gold content than 14K gold (75% vs. 58.3%), it is a softer metal and is not as durable as a 14K gold piece.  For jewellery that gets banged around a lot in daily use, like a ring or bracelet, 14K gold may be preferable for its hardness.  However, with proper care, 18K gold is strong enough to be used for any piece of jewellery.


What is 14K gold?

14K gold is 58.3% gold and is recommended for jewellery. 14K gold is the most popular form of gold because it wears well, is resistant to scratches, and is more durable than the higher karat values.  This is because pure gold is a soft metal, so the greater the gold content, the less durable the piece is.  The beautiful gold color makes 14K gold a desirable color for jewellery.


What is 12K gold?

12K gold is 50.0% gold.  Although 12K is used in jewellery, it is not as popular or valued as greatly as 14K gold.  It is still considered gold and is very durable due to the high content of other metals such as silver, copper, and zinc in the piece. The gold will not chip off or wear off because the 12K gold is a solid piece of jewellery and is not gold plated, which is a thin layer of gold over other metals.


What is 10K gold?

10K gold is 41.7% gold. It is the legal karat limit considered to be real gold in the United States.  10K gold is a paler shade of gold than 14K gold and many rings and other pieces of jewellery are made from 10K gold.  Due to the high percentage of other metals in 10K gold such as silver, copper, and zinc, the piece is very durable.  The jewellery may tarnish due to the silver content, but it can be polished to restore its gold shine.  The gold will not chip off or wear off because the 10K gold is a solid piece of jewellery and is not gold plated, which is a thin layer of gold over other metals.


Does gold tarnish?

Yes – gold can tarnish. Jewellery made from legal gold, which is 10K, 12K, 14K and 18K can tarnish, but since it is a solid metal and not a coating of gold, it can be polished to restore its original luster. The higher the karat value, the less likely the piece will tarnish. It is unusual for a 14K or 18K piece of jewellery to tarnish. Since gold is alloyed, or combined with other metals to make it stronger, such as silver, copper, nickel, and zinc, these other metals cause the gold to tarnish. The jewellery can tarnish due to several factors such as perfume, perspiration, soap, chemicals, and body chemistry.


Does white gold tarnish? Why does white gold turn yellow?

Although it may appear that your white gold jewellery has tarnished, white gold doesn’t actually tarnish – rather it changes color to its natural state, which is yellow gold.
This is because white gold is comprised mostly of gold – which is yellow. 14K white gold contains 59% pure yellow gold and 18K white gold contains 75% pure yellow gold. All gold jewellery is alloyed, or mixed, with other metals to strengthen the metal because jewellery is not made from 100% pure gold (24K), which is way too malleable for jewellery.

The most common alloys for white gold are palladium, nickel, and zinc, which are white metals. To bring out the silvery-white color of the metals, all white gold must be coated with a thin layer of rhodium, which is a very hard metal that brings out the bright whiteness of the silver colored metals that are mixed with the gold.

The white gold turns yellow when the rhodium plating wears off, which is very common. The rhodium plating wears off for many reasons including exposure to chemicals, perfumes, sweat, and general day-to-day wear. The rhodium plating will wear off quickly if the coating is too thin. The thicker the coating of rhodium, the longer the white gold will maintain its brilliant white color. The white gold jewellery should be brought to a jeweler to re-coat the jewellery with rhodium.

What is rhodium?

Rhodium is an element, Rh, that is silvery-white and hard. It is one of the rarest and most valuable precious metals. It is resistant to corrosion and does not oxidize. For this reason, white gold is often plated with a thin layer of rhodium to give it a shiny silvery-white color. Sterling silver can be plated with rhodium for tarnish resistance. Because the layer of rhodium applied to white gold and silver is so thin, it may need to be re-applied to restore the shiny silver color.

Rhodium, which is one of rarest elements in the Earth’s crust, is found in platinum ores in South Africa and North America. Rhodium is rarely used in its pure form in jewellery because it has a high melting point and poor malleability, and because it is so expensive – about 8 times the price of gold.

What are the acceptable stamps for gold?

All gold is required to be stamped to indicate the karat value of the piece. It is acceptable for the karat to be indicated by a capital K or ct. Below are examples of acceptable stamps for gold:

  • 14K or 14ct
  • 18K or 18ct


What is vermeil?

Vermeil is .925 sterling silver layered with a thin coating of gold. While standard plating is about 2 millionths of an inch of gold, a vermeil coating is 50 times that thickness, or 100 millionths of an inch over sterling silver. Vermeil is gold jewellery with the exact same shine and richness of real 14 karat gold that won’t wear down easily. To care for your gold vermeil jewellery, simply polish with a cloth, and never machine polish or use any chemicals such as silver or gold cleaner.


What does gold-plated mean?

During the process of gold plating, a thin layer of gold is applied to a less expensive piece of metal, typically copper or silver. Industry standards dictate that .15 to .25 mils of gold be applied during the plating process. Gold plating tends to wear down and chip off of its base metal and is not considered as durable as items that are pure gold or gold-filled.


What does gold-filled mean?

Gold-filled items are those which have had a layer of 10k (or higher) gold bonded mechanically to a base metal. The layer of gold must make up a minimum of 1/20th of the total weight of the piece. Such items are marked as being “gold-filled,” along with the karat fineness of the gold used for filling, such as 10k, 14K, etc.


Gold filled vs Gold plated

Gold filled is more valuable than gold plated.  A piece of jewellery that is gold filled is not solid gold, but it has a thick layer of real gold bonded to another metal. It will not wear off or tarnish.  Since the piece is covered with real gold, it is virtually impossible to tell the difference between a solid gold piece of jewellery and a gold filled piece of jewellery.  Although the value of a gold filled piece of jewellery is much less than solid gold jewellery, it is a highly attractive alternative to real gold because it looks like real goal and lasts as long as real gold.  The amount of real gold in a gold filled piece is regulated by the government and must contain 1/20th real gold.

A gold plated piece has a very thin layer of gold on the outside which is bonded to another metal such as white metal, silver, or copper.  The layer of gold is not regulated by the governement and is so thin, it can easily rub, chip, or flake off.  It can also tarnish, unlike a gold filled piece of jewellery.


What is gold tone?

A piece of jewellery or an accessory that is described as “gold tone” has no real gold in it.  It is the color of gold, but that is the extent of its similarity to real gold.  Anything that looks like gold, for ex. a crayon, or a paperclip, or a shiny piece of gold-colored metal can be described as “gold tone.”


What is 24K gold electroplated over brass?

This is a brass item, such as a watch, a clock, or a piece of jewellery, which has had a layer of 24k gold mechanically plated over its surface. The user receives a product that looks as if it is gold, but at a much lower cost, because the majority of the metal is brass. The finish on the product may not last as long as a solid gold item, but the decrease in cost makes this process attractive to many people.

What is an alloy?

An alloy is a metal made by combining two or more metals to give it greater strength. Pure gold, like 24K gold, is too soft to be used in jewellery, so it must be combined with another metal to give it strength. The most common metals alloyed with gold are silver, copper, and zinc to strengthen the gold. Copper turns the alloy pink and creates rose gold. Silver or palladium added to gold creates white gold. The percent of gold used in the alloy determines the karat value.


Is it karat or carat?

karat designates how much pure gold is in a piece of jewellery. The higher the karat number, the higher percentage of gold is in the jewellery. Gold is alloyed, or combined, with other metals to make is stronger for use in jewellery. The highest karat value is 24, so 24K is 100% pure gold.

carat is a weight of measurement used for diamonds.


How to care for gold-plated items?

Opting for a gold-plated item over solid or gold-filled item does not mean that it is destined to wear down immediately. With proper care, gold-plating can last a long time and can be a cost-effective alternative to solid or gold-filled products. It is important to wash gold-plated items with nothing stronger than warm soapy water. Chemicals in cleaning products and jewellery cleansers can break down gold plating. Do not expose gold-plated items to lotion, cosmetics, perfume, or prolonged moisture, and do not buff, as these contribute to the breakdown of the plating and tarnishing of the item.

What is the current rate of gold?

The gold rate changes every day. To learn the current price of gold, visit CNN Money.


Selling gold jewellery – getting a fair price for gold.

The price that you can get for your gold varies from one gold buyer to another. The weight of the gold and the number of karats in the gold determines its value. You can buy a jewellery scale to check the weight of the gold that you are selling. The rate of gold varies from day to day. You can check the current price of gold at CNN Money. You can expect to be offered 60% to 80% of the value of the gold.


How to invest in gold

Gold should be an important part of a diversified investment portfolio because its price increases in response to events that cause the value of paper investments, such as stocks and bonds, to decline. Although the rate of gold can be volatile in the short term, it has always maintained its value over the long term.

There are ways of owning gold – paper and physical. You can buy it physically in the form of jewellery, coins, and gold bars and for paper gold you can use gold exchange traded funds (ETFs) and sovereign gold bonds (SGBs). Then there are gold mutual funds (fund of funds) which further invest in gold ETFs. There are gold MFs (fund of funds) which invest in the shares of international gold mining companies.

Jewellery Shops in Robertsganj

Looking for jewellery shops in Robertsganj near you, We have the entire collections of jewellers in Robertsganj, check the jewellery collections in Robertsganj before visiting to jewellery shops near me (you). check the collections of their jewellery like Chain Designs and Chain Types, Birthstones jewellery, Necklaces, Rings, Toe rings, Bangles and Earrings online.

There are several reasons why people buying jewelries in online? Because of huge crowd in the Jewellery shop in Robertsganj, and climatic irritations like whether its hot sun or rainy season, or experience in searching for parking spots. After all hurdles finally reached shop, there is a big problem like the designs you are not satisfied with, but many people tend to buy those as their energies are drained off to visit another shop. With all these difficulties, we advise you “STAY HOME AND SHOP ONLINE! YOU’RE TOO Pretty TO HAVE TO LOOK FOR A PARKING SPOT”

Jewellery Shops in Robertsganj

Gold rates may vary in day and evening but in online gold rate today is fixed for through a day. Find all the latest designs of your favorite jewellers also don forget to check Gold purity ( How to Check Gold Purity)


Address: JAI JEWELLERS INFRONT OF SUNDER LOGE, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 094156 77407


Shri Hari Jewellers

Address: Robertsganj,, Tagore Nagar, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 097949 81744


Ashok Jewellers

Address: Main Rd, Uttar Mohal, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 099189 99611


Jaiswal Jewellers

Address: shri guru singh sabha, Pannuganj Rd, near gurdwara, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 085428 82581


MS Chandra Jewellers

Address: Ward No 21 Daroga ji Gali, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 089249 67790


Shri Sai Jewellers

Address: Main Chowk, In Front of Shitla Mandir, Robertsganj, Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 087388 18550


MTJ Tripti Jewellers

Address: Patlu Seth Katra, Ward No.22, Old Cinema Road, Nirala Nagar, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 099563 54409


Soni Jewellers

Address: Ho.No.90, Ward No.14 Taigor Nagar, Hydil Colony, Purab Mohal, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 099568 88064


Poonam Jewellers

Address: New Colony, Robertsganj, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 070070 33653


Radha Krishna Jewellers

Address: Odahtha (shahaganj J b s entar kalej, Uttar Pradesh 231216
Phone: 073559 71967


Deepak Jewellers

Address: Shahganj Road, Belatand, Uttar Pradesh 231215
Phone: 088584 26823


Sai Jewellers

Address: Main Market, Madhupur, Uttar Pradesh 231301
Phone: 094531 58764



Hope you liked Jewellery Shops in Robertsganj, we have tried hard to bring the jewellers in Robertsganj and thier collections only for you. If any missed or informations to be updated do contact us or comment below. We are happy to serve you 24×7. We only need a LIKE & SHARE this to the people you know. Because your sharing & caring is all we need…

Jewellery Shops in Naugarh

Looking for jewellery shops in Naugarh near you, We have the entire collections of jewellers in Naugarh, check the jewellery collections in Naugarh before visiting to jewellery shops near me (you). check the collections of their jewellery like Chain Designs and Chain Types, Birthstones jewellery, Necklaces, Rings, Toe rings, Bangles and Earrings online.

There are several reasons why people buying jewelries in online? Because of huge crowd in the Jewellery shop in Naugarh, and climatic irritations like whether its hot sun or rainy season, or experience in searching for parking spots. After all hurdles finally reached shop, there is a big problem like the designs you are not satisfied with, but many people tend to buy those as their energies are drained off to visit another shop. With all these difficulties, we advise you “STAY HOME AND SHOP ONLINE! YOU’RE TOO Pretty TO HAVE TO LOOK FOR A PARKING SPOT”

Jewellery Shops in Naugarh

Gold rates may vary in day and evening but in online gold rate today is fixed for through a day. Find all the latest designs of your favorite jewellers also don forget to check Gold purity ( How to Check Gold Purity)

Bheem Chand Jewellers

Address: SH 1A, Bagiyawa, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 099367 20531


Radhey Chandra Jewellers

Address: Shivaji Nagar, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 094153 57625


Sunil jewellers

Address: Subash Nagar post, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh
Phone: 098892 32625


S.K. Jewellers

Address: Naugarh, Bagiyava, Tetari Bazar, Uttar Pradesh 272207


Kasaudhan jewellers

Address: Lumbini Rd, Shivaji Nagar, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 080908 13500


MahaLaxmi Jewellers

Address: GGIC Rd, Shivaji Nagar, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 099199 99658


Shree Abhishek Jewellers

Address: SH 1A, Mahariya, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 096285 32470



Address: Shivaji Nagar, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 091258 68638


Shubham Jewellery Shop

Address: Lumbini Rd, Shivaji Nagar, Tetri Bazar, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 097921 26037


Lucky Jewellers

Address: Tetri Bazar Town, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 097923 37515


Alankar Jewellers

Address: Khajuriya Rd, Khajuriya, Naugarh, Uttar Pradesh 272207



Address: Bagiyawa, Tetari Bazar, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 099357 43298


Santram Verma And Sons Jewellers

Address: Bagiyawa, Tetri Bazar, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 097210 71995


Abhishek jewellers

Address: Tetri Bazar, Uttar Pradesh 272207
Phone: 063959 63698


Rajan kumar Rohit kumar jewellers

Address: Palta Devi – Birdpur Rd, Berdpur No.9, Uttar Pradesh 272202
Phone: 063948 28721


Vinay Jewellers

Address: Birdpur No. 12, Uttar Pradesh 272203
Phone: 089604 43579


Shivprasad Verma Jewellers

Address: Chilhiya – Shohratgarh Road, Chilhiya, Uttar Pradesh 272205
Phone: 088588 95223


Anamika Jewellers

Address: Brijmanganj Rd, Brijmanganj, Uttar Pradesh 273157
Phone: 091616 42492


Raj Sanyog Jewellers

Address: Brijmanganj, Uttar Pradesh 273157


Parmod Jewellers

Address: Uttar Pradesh 32800
Phone: 094516 67119



Address: Babhani, Uttar Pradesh 272205
Phone: 097921 45350


Soni Jewellers

Address: Thana road, Parti Bazar Uska Bazar, Uttar Pradesh 272208
Phone: 073557 37374



Hope you liked Jewellery Shops in Naugarh, we have tried hard to bring the jewellers in Naugarh and thier collections only for you. If any missed or informations to be updated do contact us or comment below. We are happy to serve you 24×7. We only need a LIKE & SHARE this to the people you know. Because your sharing & caring is all we need…

Jewellery Shops in Khalilabad

Looking for jewellery shops in Khalilabad near you, We have the entire collections of jewellers in Khalilabad, check the jewellery collections in Khalilabad before visiting to jewellery shops near me (you). check the collections of their jewellery like Chain Designs and Chain Types, Birthstones jewellery, Necklaces, Rings, Toe rings, Bangles and Earrings online.

There are several reasons why people buying jewelries in online? Because of huge crowd in the Jewellery shop in Khalilabad, and climatic irritations like whether its hot sun or rainy season, or experience in searching for parking spots. After all hurdles finally reached shop, there is a big problem like the designs you are not satisfied with, but many people tend to buy those as their energies are drained off to visit another shop. With all these difficulties, we advise you “STAY HOME AND SHOP ONLINE! YOU’RE TOO Pretty TO HAVE TO LOOK FOR A PARKING SPOT”

Jewellery Shops in Khalilabad

Gold rates may vary in day and evening but in online gold rate today is fixed for through a day. Find all the latest designs of your favorite jewellers also don forget to check Gold purity ( How to Check Gold Purity)

Radhey Krishna Jewellers

Address: Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 087954 74179


Firdous Jewellers

Address: Near Kotawali, Mehdawal Road, Chauraha, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 098898 98987


Ananya Jewellers

Address: Mukhlishpur Rd, Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 094159 14148


Prakash Jeweller’s

Address: Moti nagar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh
Phone: 099360 75082


Kailash Pati Dinanath Jewellers

Address: Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Suraj Jewellers

Address: under the bridge, Mukhlishpur Rd, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 094152 70816


Alankar Jewellers

Address: Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Priyanka Jewellers

Address: 915, MDR81E, Aadarsh Nagar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 079851 29382


Ramdayal Subhashchandra Jewellers

Address: hanuman garhi gali,mukhlispur road, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh
Phone: 094151 62730


Kanha Jewellers

Address: 915, MDR81E Aadarsh Nagar, MDR81E, Aadarsh Nagar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Shivani Jewellers

Address: Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Sardar Jewellers

Address: opposeit CANRA BANKMAIN BRANCH Gola Bazaar, Main road, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 096282 51111


Gopi Verma Jewellers

Address: Gorakhpur Rd, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 085742 00634



Address: Mukhlishpur Rd, near hanuman garhi, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 094152 85239


Nandan Jewellers

Address: Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Geeta Jewellers

Address: Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Kailash Nath Jewellers

Address: Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175



Deepak Jewellers

Address: Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175


Gaurav Jeweller

Address: MAIN ROAD, Gola Bazar, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 077539 30074


Ddhan Lakshmai jewellers

Address: Samay Mata Mandir Khalilabad, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh



Address: Vidya nagar, Gorakhpur Rd, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 099354 96291


Anjali Jewellers

Address: Khiri Dand, Uttar Pradesh 272164


Prabhat Jewellers

Address: Kazipur, Maghar, Uttar Pradesh 272173
Phone: 096162 96747


Sri Bhagya Lakshmi Jewellers

Address: Mukhlishpur Rd, Khalilabad, Uttar Pradesh 272175
Phone: 070079 34300



Hope you liked Jewellery Shops in Khalilabad, we have tried hard to bring the jewellers in Khalilabad and thier collections only for you. If any missed or informations to be updated do contact us or comment below. We are happy to serve you 24×7. We only need a LIKE & SHARE this to the people you know. Because your sharing & caring is all we need…