The birthstone for the month of September is sapphire stone . The name sapphire is derived from the Latin word “saphirus” and the Greek word “sapheiros,” both meaning blue. Commonly believe that the name sapphire is derived from its association with the planet Saturn.
Sapphire Stone in Hindi is Neelam (नीलम)
Sapphire Stone in Tamil is Capaiyar (சபையர்)
Crystal Sapphire Stone in Malayalam is Nīlakkallinṟe (നീലക്കല്ലിന്റെ)
Sapphire Stone in Telugu is Nīlamaṇi (నీలమణి)
Sapphires have been prized as great gemstones since 800BC. A great poet once described the sapphire as “the blue of a clear sky just minutes after sundown.” Blue sapphires were a holy stone to the catholic church and to Ancient Persians, also Hindus. Blue color sapphire represents the heavens.
What is the birthstone for September?
The traditional birthstone for September is the sapphire. Like the ruby, the birthstone for July, sapphires are mined from the mineral, corundum. In fact, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds have the same crystal and chemical formation. If the corundum is light pink to deep crimson in color, it is called a ruby. If it is green, it is called an emerald. And If it is a deep, rich blue, it is called a sapphire. Corundum actually exists in all colors of the rainbow, but the red, green, and blue varieties are the most valuable.
Sapphire Stone Colors and variety’s
Sapphire gemstone comes in violet, dark gray, orange, yellow, pink, green and black, which tends to be relatively inexpensive. These different colored sapphires are referred to as “fancy sapphires” and are often less expensive than the blue Sapphire gemstone.
The sapphire is a corundum, an aluminum oxide with a trigonal crystal structure, in the same family of ruby. The only difference between a ruby and a sapphire is simply the color. A red corundum is a ruby. Other colored stones are called sapphires, which come in many colors, the most well known being blue.
Rubies and sapphires are just under the level of diamonds because of their hardness. Diamonds are listed as a ten in terms of hardness, sapphires as a nine. The attribute of hardness of the sapphire makes it a perfect choice for jewellery that needs to stand up to everyday wear, such as in rings or bracelets.
Origin of Sapphire Gemstone
Astrology Benefits of Sapphire Stone
Black Sapphire Stone
The wisdom of confidence in one’s own intuition. It is protective and grounding, relieves anxiety and sorrow, and maintaining employment.
Green Sapphire Stone
Produces fidelity and integrity. It encourages compassion for others, stimulates vision, and improves dream recall.
Orange or Padparadsha Sapphire Stone
The love from the heart to the world. It unites one’s creativity, sensuality and spirituality, and is a talisman of artists, writers and singers.
Pink Sapphire Stone
It stimulates emotions and encourages love, forgiveness, and release of the past. It honors acceptance and strength of heart.
Violet Sapphire Stone
Mainly used for spiritual awakening. It stimulates meditation, opens the Crown Chakra and allows the kundalini to rise unimpeded. It initiates oneness and peace.
White Sapphire Stone
Wisdom and strength of spirit, providing the inner resolve needed in overcoming difficult obstacles to one’s spiritual path. It brings clarity to the mind, and communication with higher guidance.
Yellow Sapphire Stone
It not only assists in bringing financial abundance, but stimulates the inner will through the solar plexus to creatively focus and manifest one’s goals and ambitions.
Blue Sapphire Stone
- It can bless with wealth, good luck, opportunity, and promotion etc.
- Neelam Stone is a highly protective gemstone. It helps in protection from enemies, evil eye, hexing, jealousy etc.
- Blue Sapphire blesses with mental clarity, clears confusion and blesses the individual with the correct decision making abilities.
- It improves digestion, takes away lethargy and helps improve focus and concentration.
- Blue Sapphire crystal has a direct impact on wealth levels. It gives a positive boost in finances. It can bless with multiple sources of income if the individual is so inclined and works towards it.
Sapphire Stone Jewellery Care
Because of their hardness, sapphires can be cleaned in any way. Warm, soapy water is best, though you might also try ultrasonic cleaners and steamers. Most valuable stones, avoid doing heavy work or coming into contact with chemicals while wearing your stone, as they can damage your settings.
How to clean sapphire jewellery?
It is easy to clean sapphire jewellery at home using a mixture of lukewarm water and a mild dishwashing soap. You may brush off any dirt particles gently using a bristle brush. Wipe dry and store separate from abrasive items or other harder jewellery.
What are the largest sapphires found?
There are various popular pieces of this gem in existence today. They are cherished for their size and beauty. A good example is the cornflower blue sapphire belonging to Queen Marie of Romania. The sapphire stone, which weighs at least 478 carats, was purchased at a value of $1,494,480 in 2003.
What is the value of sapphires?
The value of a sapphires vary greatly. To determine the value of sapphire, jewelers appraise its purity and size. A fine quality blue sapphire will increase its price with increasing size of the gem.
Natural sapphires are formed in nature over several thousands of years and are extracted through intense mining processes. These sapphires are made of the mineral corundum and gem quality stones are relatively rare. Almost all natural sapphires on the market are heat treated to enhance or develop the color of the stone.
Synthetic sapphires are created by humans in labs using advanced technological processes. They are identical chemically, structurally and optically to natural rubies. These can be created within a matter of weeks and are more affordable than their natural counterparts.
Synthetic sapphires aren’t fake; they are actual sapphires. The only difference is in how they were created. It is a cost-effective option without the need to compromise on quality. In fact, some shoppers prefer synthetic gemstones because they are more ethical and sustainable.
An imitation sapphire is a stone that looks very much like a sapphire but is different in every other way. These are often less durable and much less valuable. Some common substances used in place of sapphires are blue colored glass, cubic zirconia and blue spinel. Tanzanite, which is a valuable and rare gemstone, has also been used as imitation sapphire.
In order to identify whether your sapphire is natural, synthetic or imitation, here are some ways to test your stone.
Check for Scratches
Sapphire is one of the most durable gemstones used for jewellery, second to only diamonds. It has a hardness rating of 9 on the Mohs scale. This means that any substance with an equal or lower hardness rating cannot scratch a sapphire. Glass is only 5.5, spinel is 7.5-8 and cubic zirconia is 8.
If you’re sapphire shows scratches or nicks, the chances of it being fake are high. Try scratching the surface of the stone with a key or coin. If this leaves scratch marks, the stone is probably glass. A real sapphire cannot be scratched in this way.
Look for Flaws
Natural gemstones generally tend to have inclusions. As the gemstone forms in nature, miniscule traces of foreign matter are bound to get into the stone. This is one key distinguishing feature between natural and synthetic sapphires.
Use a magnifying glass or a jeweler’s loupe to check for impurities and flaws within your sapphire. Check for small flaws or specks within the stone. These are an indication that your stone is real.
Lab-created sapphires are generally flawless in their composition. The inclusions cannot be replicated in a lab so if your stone is flawless, there’s a high chance it is synthetic.
Bubble and Line Inclusions
If you see little air bubbles trapped within the stone, there is a high chance that it is glass or composite sapphire. Make sure to view the stone from all angles as some air bubbles may only be visible from certain angles.
Also check if there are any thready white interconnecting lines within the stone. This could be an indication of composite sapphire.
Try the Breath Test
This is a basic test, but it can give you an indication as to the integrity of your sapphire. Take your sapphire and breath on it slowly and deeply. Then check to see how long it takes for the fog to evaporate.
If the sapphire is real, the fog should disappear very quickly, in about a second or two. This is because sapphires are naturally good at conducting heat. A fake stone will take about 5 seconds or more to evaporate.
Take it to an Expert
If the perceived worth of the stone warrants it, it is best to take your sapphire to an expert gemologist to determine if it is authentic or fake. Once the sapphire has been evaluated using gemological tools, you will be provided with a certificate of appraisal. This report will detail all the specifications of your stone as well as it’s origin and any treatments that may have been done to it.
A certified sapphire is also easier to resell as the certificate warrants for its authenticity.
Shopping Smart – Where and How
Whether you decide to shop online or at a physical store, ensure that you are shopping from a reputable and registered retailer.
If shopping online, check for images and/or video of the actual stone. Ask about any treatments that may have been done on the stone. Your vendor should disclose this information to you.
Most vendors provide a certificate of authenticity for their gemstones. Some vendors will have the certificate easily accessible, listed along with images of the sapphire.