Pearls are the only gemstone that come from a living organism. It is a very famous and popular gemstone which is found in ocean beds. Pearl is worn both as jewellery and as a stone for astrological benefits. It is the gemstone for the zodiac sign cancer and it is associated with the planet moon also June birthstone.
Pearl in Hindi is Motee (मोती)
Pearl in Tamil is Muttu (முத்து)
Crystal pearl in Malayalam is Mutt (മുത്ത്)
Pearl in Telugu is Perl (పెర్ల్)
The Pearl harmonizes Chandra,the moon which directly influences the emotions, mind, affluence and stability to these influences.
What is the June birthstone?
The birthstone for June is the pearl. The pearl is a 30th Anniversary gemstone. It symbolizes purity and is known as the “stone of sincerity.”
It is believed that the origination of assigning a birthstone for each month dates back to a breastplate that Aaron, the older brother of Moses, wore, which represented the Twelve Tribes of Israel. In biblical times, people wore the gemstone assigned to month that the stone represented as a talisman.
Cultivators need to wait until the oysters attained the right size before inserting the irritant. This irritant (may be stones or any substance or insects), also called as the seed, encourages the formation of the pearl. Once the pearls are formed after a certain period of time, they are extracted by various techniques from the shell. Each shell could give more than 10 pearls but not always. As these pearls are formed with human assistance, they are called cultured pearls. Most pearls available in the market today are cultured pearls.
Also Check: Birthstones by Month
Types of Pearls
The most common type of pearl and also the easily affordable one. Freshwater pearls are grown in mollusks as opposed to other pearls which are grown in oysters. Unlike saltwater cultured pearls, freshwater pearls are made entirely of solid nacre as they lack the bead nuclei. Another distinguishing characteristic of freshwater pearl is that they rarely come in perfect round shapes. About2% of freshwater pearls are round, or almost round others are in irregular shapes.
Freshwater pearl colors are pure white to cream, pink to orange and even lavender.
- Sizes: Freshwater pearls range from 2.0 mm to 15.0. They have the widest size range of any pearl type.
- Colors: White or cream, possibly black once treated.
- Common Overtones: Rose, Cream or Ivory
- Pearl Origin: China, India, Australia
- Mollusk Type: Hyriopsis cumingii, or hybrid
South Sea Pearls
The largest and rarest of pearl type, because of their large size, growing is pain-taking and takes that much more time. This is the reason South Sea pearls are expensive. Comes in a variety of gorgeous colors of pearl from glossy white, silky silver, champagne, creamy pink to deep golden tones.
- Sizes: Ranges typically 8 mm to 20 mm, averaging 13 mm/
- Colors: White, Cream, Silver
- Common Overtones: Pink, Green, Blue
- Pearl Origin: Australia, Indonesia, and the Philippines are leading sources of these saltwater cultured pearls.
- Mollusk Type: Pinctada maxima
Akoya Pearls were the first round cultured pearls to be marketed and stands out from the other pearls because of their brilliant lustre. The akoya pearl colors are typically white and perfectly round. Their rich look and timeless elegance makes them ideal pearl jewellery. Akoya pearl come in a variety of natural pearl colors ranging from white, pink and cream with rose or ivory overtones.
- Sizes: Typical Akoya pearls range from 5 mm to 11 mm, with the 10 and 11 mm sizes rare finds. The most common size and the best value is between 7.0mm – 7.5mm with a sharp jump at anything 8.0mm and above.
- Colors: White or cream, possibly black once treated.
- Common Overtones: Rose, Cream or Ivory
- Pearl Origin: China, Japan
- Mollusk Type: Pinctada fucata
The only pearl that come in exotic natural colour. Mostly black, the Tahitian pearls also comes in the shades of dark green, brown and blue. Tahnitian pearls have excellent lustre, metallic sheen and very fashionable.
- Sizes: Most range between 8 mm and 21 mm.
- Colors: They appear in shades of brown, gray, blue, green and purple.
- Common Overtones: Silver/Steel, Blue-Green, Peacock
- Pearl Origin: Cultivated primarily around the islands of French Polynesia.
- Mollusk Type: Pinctada margaritifera
Biwa pearl gets the name from the lake Biwa in Japan, from where they originate. Typical Biwa pearls resemble rice grains or sticks and come in natural pearl colors like white, pink and black. Occasionally, natural green and blue are also found.
Biwa pearls are known for their healing properties and cleanse the thoughts that flows in the mind and body of the wearer. This apart, they are also known to enhance self-confidence and alertness.
Baroque pearl a perfect choice to create gorgeous pieces of jewellery and comes in a variety of exciting shapes like coin, oval, rice, cross, square etc.
Famous style icons who love Pearl jewellery are Grace Kelly, Princes Diana, Audrey Hepburn, Jacqueline Kennedy, and Marilyn Monroe. Pearl have captivated the hearts of women for thousands of years.
Who should use pearl in Jewellery?
For the person who belongs to Birthstones by Zodiac like Cancer sun sign, Scorpio sun sign and Pisces can use white pearl. Cancer Birthstones by Zodiac can get the benefits of the pearl.If the planet Moon is debilitated and afflicted, the pearl helps immensely especially, during the mahadasa and antardasa of Moon. In physcology sayings pearl controls our behaviour , our emotions , our hormonal and reproductive cycles and our body temperature.
How to use pearl?
The pearl should wear with silver / Gold / Bronze and should be worn on Thursday morning of bright fortnight.The ring for Moon should be washed with water before wearing. Previously soak one night on cow milk or cow ghee.
Astrological benefits of Pearls
The ancient Vedic astrology compares the pearl to the moon. Just like the softness and tranquility exuded by the moon, the pearl is known to have a soothing and calming affect on the wearer. Pearl colors especially the white symbolizes of purity, wisdom, wealth and integrity.
When moon is weaker in one birthchart wearing pearl jewellery will help sober the effects and enhance the power of the moon. Pearl are also recommended for people who have a beneficial moon in their horoscope. Always wear it with silver jewellery.
These gemstone come in many unique colors in pearl like Black pearl, pink pearl, off-white pearls and dark copper. However, these don’t have any astrological significance.
- Pearl brings an emotional balance to a strained mind.
- They also help to cure insomnia, calm stressed nerves and control anger. In fact, people who have a short temper are advised to wear pearl.
- Pearls eliminate the ill effects of the moon and strengthen the mind
- Also improves self-confidence and create positive energy
- Pearl helps strengthen the bond between husband and wife. It is believed that wearing pearl on the day of the wedding brings marital bliss
- Pearl are sign of prosperity and believed bring good fortune
Real vs fake pearls. How to spot the difference?
As known there are some fake pearl available in the market made by man not oysters, where beads of glass, ceramic or plastic are often coated with varnish or some other material to give it a fake luster. Natural pearls on the other hand are produced by a living creatpeure like oysters.
Tips to find fake pearl:
Real pearl are always colder than the surrounding temperature unless worn on the body. Even when the weather is warm, real pearl will feel cool. Fake pearl, will not be colder than room temperatures. This can be found by touching itself.
Real pearl are heavier and fake pearl are lighter.
When put under light, real pearl perfectly reflect the light whereas fake pearl won’t reflect so much light.
Shape and Size
Real Pearl are not in perfect shape and size. There will be always minor variations in their shape, size and shade. Fake pearl are perfectly rounded and have identical sizes.
The tooth test:
Rub a real pearl against your front teeth. If natural, you will feel a light irritation or roughness. Duplicate pearl do not irritate.
When you drop the original pearl and duplicate pearl from 60 cm height on a piece of glass and the rebound height of original pearl is around 35 cm, imitation pearl rebound height is far worse.
The fire test
Burn a pearl for sometime and then turn it off. After wiping off the black burnt coating, you can still see the real pearl inside. A fake pearl won’t look anything other than coal after burnt.
Take a knife or a blade and scrap off some powder off the pearl, you should get a soft and smooth powder. Still its luster means 100% pure. plastic pearl won’t luster.
What is the largest pearl found?
The Pearl of Lao Tzu (also referred to as Pearl of Lao Tze and previously as Pearl of Allah) is the largest recognized pearl in the world. The pearl was discovered in the Palawan Sea, which surrounds the island of Palawan in the Philippines. It was located by a Filipino diver. This pearl is known as a “clam pearl” or “Tridacna pearl” deriving from a giant clam. This extremely large pearl is not considered a gemstone pearl. It measures 24 centimeters in diameter (9.45 inches) and weighs 6.4 kilograms (14.1 lb).
What are the properties of a pearl?
The pearl comes from the live shelled mollusk in freshwater or saltwater. A pearl is made up of calcium carbonate in tiny crystalline form, which has been placed in concentric layers. The perfect pearl is flawlessly round and smooth, although countless other shapes are also created.
How to clean pearl jewellery?
The best way to get beautiful results when cleaning your pearl jewellery is to bring it to a jeweler. However, you can also clean your pearl jewellery at home by using a jewellery cleaner that states that it is safe to use with pearls and by wiping it with a soft cloth.
How do you care for pearl jewellery?
Pearls are a beautiful but delicate jewellery that needs special care. Do not use any harsh or rough chemicals on your pearl. Lay it down flat out of contact to all other pieces of jewellery.
Because of their delicate nature, pearls should always be cared for with caution. Always put pearls on after soap, make-up, lotions, and hair products have been applied. A good reminder is that when getting ready, the very last thing one should do is put on one’s pearls.
It is also wise to avoid any chemicals, even jewellery cleaners. Nothing more than mild soap, water, and a soft cloth should be used for cleaning pearls, and they should be re-strung periodically to ensure the cord holding them is sturdy. Lastly, store pearls away from other jewellery, as pearls can too easily become scratched or worn down by metals and other gemstones.
What is a pearl’s value?
The value of a pearl is determined by several factors: type, size, shape, luster, color, and surface. A pearl’s origin or type will help determine its rarity. In general, natural pearls are worth much more than cultured pearls, and cultured seawater pearls are worth more than cultured freshwater pearls. Size will also add to a pearl’s value. The size of a natural pearl is determined by weight and measured in grains and carats, while a cultured pearl’s size is measured in millimeters. It can be determined if a pearl is natural or cultured by use of gemological X-ray equipment to view the center of the pearl, or by placing the pearl under a microscope. Shape only adds value if the pearl is perfectly symmetrical and round, especially when regarding a strand of pearls.
There are three grades of luster given to a pearl based on the thickness of the nacre: dull, fine, and exceptional. Color will decrease value if the pearl is dyed. A natural pink, white, or black pearl will hold the most value. Surface is graded anywhere from exceptional with no flaws, to marked with obvious flaws. Any dents or scratches will decrease the value of the pearl. Depending on the quality and piece of jewellery, cultured freshwater pearls can be priced up to $1,500, akoya pearls are priced up to $3,000, Tahitian pearls are priced up to $10,000, and South Sea pearls are priced up to $30,000.